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Technical Paper

Numerical Simulation of CFRP Thin-Walled Tubes Subjected to Quasi-Static Axial Crushing

2017-03-28
2017-01-0465
Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic (CFRP) tube is an important material for the lightweight design of automotive structures. Simulation method of CFRP thin-walled tubes subjected to axial compression using MAT54 in LS-DYNA was investigated. Based on the two-layer shell model combined with MAT54, failure strategy and the parameters sensitivity of the model were discussed in detail. Then the simulation model was verified by using duplicate specimens comprised of carbon fiber/epoxy unidirectional prepreg tape. Furthermore, the modeling methods of crush trigger and different types of loading speed were analyzed. In addition, based on the method of equal energy absorption, energy absorption performance of thin-walled circular and square tubes made from four materials including mild steel, high strength steel, aluminum alloy and CFRP were also compared.
Technical Paper

Research and 3-Dimensional Numerical Simulation about Internal Air Transient Flow Process and Air Flow-Induced Noise of Engine Electronic Control Throttle Quick-Opening Process

2018-04-03
2018-01-0470
Based on the basic structure and operating function of engine throttle, according to the actual structure of throttle, a 3-dimensional air transient flow is simulated to realize throttle rotated from closed position to opened position by using CFD moving mesh technology and user defined program. By applying CFD and CAA coupling method, the influence of the movement of throttle on air flow and flow-induced noise process are studied, the transient opening process is studied and analyzed. The velocity field, pressure field and the principle of flow-induced noise are analyzed under different rotational angle velocity of throttle.
Technical Paper

Influence of Distributing Channel Configuration and Geometric Parameters on Flow Uniformity in Straight Flow-Field of PEM Fuel Cell

2020-04-14
2020-01-1173
Gas distribution of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) is mainly decided by flow field of bipolar plate. The improper design of distributing channel, nonuniform gas flow distribution and current density distribution among different straight channels are the leading factors that could tremendously undermine the performance and life expectancy of the cell. However, there is lack of research focusing on distributing channel in straight-parallel flow field. In this work, a three-dimensional numerical model of PEMFC cathode flow field is developed with CFD method to investigate the effects of configuration type and width of the distributing channel on pressure distribution in distributing channel and on reactant flow distribution, pressure drop and concentration distribution in multiple straight channel. Effects of electrochemical reaction and formation of water on the flow distribution are taken into consideration.
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