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Technical Paper

Finite Element Analysis of Cylinder Gasket under Cylinder Pressure and Structural Optimization of the Cylinder Gasket

This paper aimed at a gasoline engine "cylinder head- cylinder gasket-cylinder body-bolt" sealing system, built the 3D solid model and the finite element model of the assembly, and calculated the stress and strain of the cylinder gasket under the cylinder pressure and the deformation of the engine block. In addition, based on the calculation results, this paper put forward the optimization scheme of the cylinder gasket structure, re-established the simulation model, and get the calculation results. The calculation results showed that the cylinder pressure had influence on the sealing performance of the cylinder gasket, and the influence of cylinder pressure should be taken into consideration when designing the cylinder gasket. When the cylinder pressure was applied, the overall contact stress of the cylinder gasket had decreased, and the whole remaining height of the gasket had increased.
Technical Paper

Research and 3-Dimensional Numerical Simulation about Internal Air Transient Flow Process and Air Flow-Induced Noise of Engine Electronic Control Throttle Quick-Opening Process

Based on the basic structure and operating function of engine throttle, according to the actual structure of throttle, a 3-dimensional air transient flow is simulated to realize throttle rotated from closed position to opened position by using CFD moving mesh technology and user defined program. By applying CFD and CAA coupling method, the influence of the movement of throttle on air flow and flow-induced noise process are studied, the transient opening process is studied and analyzed. The velocity field, pressure field and the principle of flow-induced noise are analyzed under different rotational angle velocity of throttle.
Technical Paper

Simulation Analysis of Early and Late Miller Cycle Strategies Influence on Diesel Engine Combustion and Emissions

Based on the working model of a diesel engine, the influence of 2 Miller cycle strategies-Early Intake Valve Closure (EIVC) and Late Intake Valve Closure (LIVC) on the combustion and emissions of diesel engine was analyzed. Then the working condition of each Miller cycle strategies on the engine under the rated speed was optimized through the adjust of the valve timing, boost pressure and the injection timing. The research found that both delaying and advancing the closure timing of the intake valve can decrease the pressure and temperature during compression stroke, prolonging the ignition delay. However, due to the decrease of the working media inside the cylinder, the average in-cylinder temperature and soot emissions will increase, which can be alleviated by raising the boost pressure and the resulting compensation of the intake loss.
Technical Paper

3-Dimensional Numerical Simulation on CuO Nanofluids as Heat Transfer Medium for Diesel Engine Cooling System

CuO-water nanofluids was utilized as heat transfer medium in the cooling system of the diesel engine. By using CFD-Fluent software, for 0.5%, 1%, 3% and 5% mass concentration of nanofluids, 3-dimensional numerical simulation about flow and heat transfer process in the cooling system of engine was actualized. According to stochastic particle tracking in turbulent flow, for solid-liquid two phase flow discrete phase, the moving track of nanoparticles was traced. By this way, for CuO nanoparticles of different mass concentration nanofliuds in the cooling jacket of diesel engine, the results of the concentration distribution, velocity distribution, internal energy variation, resident time, total heat transfer and variation of total pressure reduction between inlet and outlet were ascertained.