Identification of Traffic States From Onboard Vehicle Sensors
This paper describes an algorithm that identifies the state of traffic ahead of a moving vehicle using onboard sensors. This algorithm approximates the level of service as defined in the Highway Capacity Manual, which portrays a range of traffic conditions on a particular type of roadway facility. The traffic state forms an independent variable in an evaluation plan to assess the benefits and capability of an automotive rear-end crash avoidance system in a field operational test. The algorithm utilizes inputs from vehicle sensors, onboard radar, global positioning system, and digital map to classify the traffic ahead into light, medium, and heavy states. Basically, the algorithm segregates the roadway into four different categories based on the road type (freeway or non-freeway), posted speed limit, and traffic flow conditions.