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Technical Paper

Effects Analysis and Modeling of Different Transmission Running Conditions for Transmission Efficiency

Several factors including internal factors which are related to the structure and components of transmission and external factors which are related to the running condition influence transmission efficiency (TE) collectively. Selected one manual transmission as the research object, this paper mainly analyzes factors including gears and bearings power loss through theoretical calculation and the external factors, such as gears, temperature and torque. Firstly, with a methodology, the overall efficiency of the manual transmission is calculated based on factors. Then, this paper discusses efficiency through external factor. This transmission is experimented on transmission test bench. On the bench, the driving motor (DM) simulates the power input of engine and the load motor (LM) simulates the whole resistance of vehicle. The mechanical transmission is operating in different speeds, torques and work temperature, thus the corresponding data are obtained.
Technical Paper

Simultaneous Optimization of Power Train Parameter and Control Strategy in a Plug-In Hybrid Electric Bus

In the Plug-in hybrid electric bus, the power train parameter and control strategy significantly affect the economy and dynamic performance. Thus, the simultaneous optimization of power train parameter and control strategy is designed for the trade-off between the dynamic and economic performance. Depending on the parallel electric auxiliary control strategy in a plug-in hybrid electric bus, a vehicle dynamic simulation model is built with the software AVL Cruise. Aiming at the minimization of equivalent gas consumption and acceleration time from 0 to 50kmph, the gear ratio, final drive ratio, gear shifting strategy and control strategy are chosen as optimal variable, which significantly impact power performance and fuel economy. The driving performance and the driving range with full battery are considered as constraints. Based on the software Isight, multi-objective optimization model is built by adopting non-dominated sorting genetic optimization algorithm (NSGA-II).
Technical Paper

Parameters Matching and Effects of Different Powertrain on Vehicle: Performance for Pure Electric City Bus

Dynamic and economic performance play an important role in the vehicle evaluation indexes, and also are crucial parts considered during the design progress. This paper applies a method of parameters matching of powertrain to one Pure Electric City Bus(PECB), with which a four-speed transmission dynamic system is designed. Meanwhile two powertrain models adopting motors with identical peak power but different base speeds and peak torques coupled with two-speed transmission or without transmission are introduced for comparison to analyze if a smaller motor performs better in performance. The three models are based on identical type of bus. Then according to the powertrain parameters, simulation models of three bus models are established respectively. From the results of simulation, vehicle performances of the four-speed transmission powertrain, especially economic performance, are compared with the other two.