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Standard

Landing Gear Shock Strut Hydraulic Fluid

2016-05-06
CURRENT
AIR5358A
This document describes fluids used in landing gear shock struts with extreme pressure and antiwear additives that have been added for improved lubrication.
Standard

Landing Gear Shock Strut Hydraulic Fluid

2004-01-30
HISTORICAL
AIR5358
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) was prepared by a panel of the SAE A-5 Committee. This document establishes the specifications for fluids used in landing gear shock struts with extreme pressure and antiwear additives that have been added for improved lubrication. This document requires qualified products.
Standard

Gland Design: Scraper, Landing Gear, Installation

2001-04-01
HISTORICAL
AS4052A
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) covers an alternate gland design for the installation of scraper/wiper rings in the lower end of landing gear shock struts for the purpose of contaminant exclusion. The defined scraper gland covered by this document, as shown in Table 1, is a variant of AS4716, the accepted gland standard for MS28775, O-ring packing seals. Piston diameters, gland internal diameters, groove sidewall angles and the surface finish are all defined by AS4716, but the gland outer retaining wall diameter is changed. AS4088 is similar to this document, but was developed by SAE A-6 for flight control and general-purpose cylinders. It differs from this document primarily by the clearance between the rod (piston) and outer gland wall. Since landing gears are more susceptible to dirt contamination, the additional clearance provides a larger path to allow excessive dirt accumulation to exit the gland.
Standard

Gland Design: Scraper, Landing Gear, Installation

2008-11-24
CURRENT
AS4052B
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) covers an alternate gland design for the installation of scraper/wiper rings in the lower end of landing gear shock struts for the purpose of contaminant exclusion. The defined scraper gland covered by this document, as shown in Table 1, is a variant of AS4716, the accepted gland standard for MS28775, O-ring packing seals. Piston rod diameters, gland internal diameters, groove sidewall angles and the surface finish are all defined by AS4716, but the gland outer retaining wall diameter is changed. The traditional scraper design installed into the glands detailed in Table 1 typically utilize components made from urethane or nitrile materials. These scraper designs, while still acceptable, must be reviewed in consideration to deicing, cleaners and disinfectant fluids applied to or in contact with the landing gear, as the materials of construction for the installed scrapers may not be compatible to these fluids.
Standard

Landing Gear Shock Absorption Testing of Civil Aircraft

2013-04-20
CURRENT
ARP5644
The intent of this document is to provide recommended practices for conducting shock absorption testing of civil aircraft landing gear equipped with oleo-pneumatic shock absorbers. The primary focus is for Part 25 aircraft, but differences for Part 23, 27, and 29 aircraft are provided where appropriate.
Standard

Landing Gear Retraction / Extension Systems

2008-05-14
WIP
ARP5569
This Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) will cover normal and emergency landing gear retraction/extension systems. This includes all equipment necessary for the control and sensing of the components used for raising and lowering the gear, up-locking and down-locking the gear, opening and closing the associated landing gear doors, and any latching of this equipment. The document will provide recommended practices for the use of conventional technologies and for those newer technologies now coming into use. It will include the regulatory and other safety requirements for these systems together with recommendations for; sequencing and timing, sensor selection, and failure monitoring of both normal and emergency operation and the support of maintenance and test needs.
Standard

Landing Gear Servicing

2008-03-25
CURRENT
ARP5908
The present document addresses gas and hydraulic fluid servicing required on commercial and military aircraft landing gears, for both single and dual chamber shock struts.
Standard

Landing Gear Servicing

2013-09-27
WIP
ARP5908A
The present document addresses gas and hydraulic fluid servicing required on commercial and military aircraft landing gears, for both single and dual chamber shock struts.
Standard

Landing Gear Integrity Program

2016-03-17
WIP
ARP6412
The scope of the Landing Gear Integrity Programs (LGIP) Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is intended to assist in the safe-life structural integrity management of the landing gear system and subsystems components. In addition, component reliability, availability, and maintainability is included in a holistic LGIP.
Standard

External Hydraulic Fluid Leakage Definition For Landing Gear Shock Absorbers

2016-03-11
WIP
ARP6408
The purpose of this SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is to provide a reasonable definition of external hydraulic fluid leakage exhibited by landing gear shock absorbers. The definition will outline normal and excessive leakage that is measureable and routinely encountered in newly assembled refurbished/remanufactured components, leakage during acceptance flights, recently delivered and in-service aircraft.
Standard

Design Recommendations for Spare Seals in Landing Gear Shock Struts

2017-06-09
CURRENT
ARP4912C
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides recommendations on cavity design, the installation of elastomer type spare seals in these cavities, and information surrounding elastomer material properties after contact with typical shock absorber hydraulic fluid(s) or grease. This ARP is primarily concerned with the use of spare seals on shock absorbers where only a single dynamic seal is fitted and in contact with the slider/shock absorber piston at any one time. These shock absorbers typically have a spare (dynamic) seal gland located on the outer diameter of the lower seal carrier. This spare seal gland is intended to house a spare elastomer contact seal. Split Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) backup rings can also be installed in the spare seal cavity. During operation, if the fitted dynamic shock absorber standard seal begins to fail/leak, then the aircraft can be jacked up, allowing the lower gland nut of the shock absorber to be dropped down.
Standard

Aircraft Nosewheel Steering Systems

1997-03-01
HISTORICAL
ARP1595A
This document provides recommended practices for the design, development, and verification testing of aircraft nosewheel steering (NWS) systems.
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