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SAFE-LIFE LIMITS FOR LANDING GEAR STRUCTURES

2018-04-26
WIP
AIR6949
This document describes the approaches taken to define safe-life limits for the management of fatigue in landing gear structures, and the substantiation of those limits through full-scale fatigue testing. The safe-life scatter factors considered in a range of military and civil regulatory standards are also reviewed.
Standard

Landing Gear Safety Criticap Processes

2018-02-28
WIP
AIR6813
There are a number of safety critical processes that are common to landing gear systems. A safety critical process (CSP) is a landing gearmaintenance manufacturing, repair or overhaul process which if ommitted or preformed incorrectly will cause failure of a safety citical item (CSI) in operation. A CSI is a landing gear item whose failure or omission will cause more than $1M in damage, serious injury or death. This AIR will define methods and modes of failure for CSPs based on experience.
Standard

Landing Gear Integrity Program

2016-03-17
WIP
ARP6412
The scope of the Landing Gear Integrity Programs (LGIP) Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is intended to assist in the safe-life structural integrity management of the landing gear system and subsystems components. In addition, component reliability, availability, and maintainability is included in a holistic LGIP.
Standard

Nitrogen Absorption/Desorption (Gas Dissolution) in Aircraft Shock Absorbers

2019-04-18
WIP
AIR6942
This document outlines the current state of the art in the understanding of gas in solution in shock absorber oils in unseperated shock absorbers. A literature review, overview of Henry's law, Henry's law coefficients for known gas and oil couples, in-service operational problems, lessons learned, and potential future work will be discussed in the document.
Standard

Component Traceability Requirements for Life Limited Parts

2019-04-18
WIP
ARP6943
This document contains the recommended practices for the traceability of civil aircraft life limited parts. A unified means of tracking flight cycles, flight hours, and calendar time is provided which will ease the interchange of parts between companies and through the component's life cycle. A harmonized means of providing 'back to birth traceability' is provided.
Standard

Composite Secondary and Tertiary Structure for Landing Gear

2019-04-29
WIP
AIR6827
This document will contain guidance and considerations for the use of composite materials on non-primary structure for landing gear systems. Content to include design considerations, conditions and applications where composites are feasible/beneficial, high-level descriptions of various manufacturing processes, and certification/validation considerations.
Standard

Aircraft Landing Gear

1999-06-01
HISTORICAL
ARP1311B
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) applies to landing gear structures and mechanisms (excluding wheels, tires, and brakes) for all types and models of civil and military aircraft including all aircraft with vertical landing and crash attenuation requirements. All axles, wheel forks, axle beams, links, arms, mechanical and nitrogen/oil energy absorbers, lock assemblies, braces, trunnion beams, and truck beams etc., that sustain loads originating at the ground, and that are not integral parts of the airframe structure, should be designed in accordance with this document. Hydraulic actuators (retraction, main and nose gear steering, positioning, and/or damping) should also be included in this coverage.
Standard

AIRCRAFT LANDING GEAR

1995-01-01
HISTORICAL
ARP1311A
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) applies to landing gear structures and mechanisms (excluding wheels, tires, and brakes) for all types and models of civil and military aircraft applications. All axles, wheel forks, axle beams, links, arms, mechanical and air-oil energy absorbers braces, lock assemblies, trunnion beams, etc., that sustain loads originating at the ground, and that are not integral parts of the airframe structure should be designed in accordance with this document. Hydraulic actuators (retraction, steering, positioning, and/or damping) should also be included in this coverage. It should be the responsibility of the airframe manufacturer to determine the compatibility of these needs with the aircraft and to specify requirements in excess of these minima where appropriate.
Standard

Landing Gear Structures and Mechanisms

2018-06-03
CURRENT
ARP1311D
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) applies to landing gear structures and mechanisms (excluding wheels, tires, and brakes and other landing gear systems) for all types and models of civil and military aircraft. All axles, wheel forks, links, arms, mechanical and gas/oil shock struts, downlock and uplock assemblies, braces, trunnion beams, and truck beams, etc., that sustain loads originating at the ground, and that are not integral parts of the airframe structure, should be designed and validated in accordance with this document. Hydraulic actuators (retraction, main and nose gear steering, positioning, damping, etc.) should also be included in this coverage. System level, non-structural components such as retraction/extension valves, controllers, secondary structure and mechanisms in the airframe (e.g., manual release mechanisms, slaved doors) as well as equipment that is located in the cockpit are not addressed in this ARP.
Standard

Landing Gear Structures and Mechanisms

2009-02-04
HISTORICAL
ARP1311C
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) applies to landing gear structures and mechanisms (excluding wheels, tires, and brakes and other landing gear systems) for all types and models of civil and military aircraft. All axles, wheel forks, links, arms, mechanical and gas/oil shock struts, downlock and uplock assemblies, braces, trunnion beams, and truck beams etc., that sustain loads originating at the ground, and that are not integral parts of the airframe structure, should be designed and validated in accordance with this document. Hydraulic actuators (retraction, main and nose gear steering, positioning, damping, etc.) should also be included in this coverage. System level, non-structural components such as retraction/extension valves, controllers, secondary structure and mechanisms in the airframe (e.g., manual release mechanisms, slaved doors) as well as equipment that is located in the cockpit are not addressed in this ARP.
Standard

Gland Design: Nominal 3/8 in Cross Section for Custom Compression Type Seals

1994-06-01
HISTORICAL
AS4832
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) offers gland details for a 0.364 cross section gland (nominal 3/8 in) with proposed gland lengths for compression type seals with two backup rings over a range of 8 to 20 in in diameter. A dash number system is proposed similar to AS568A. A 600 series has been chosen as a logical extension of AS568A and the 625 number has been arbitrarily chosen for the initial number. (Both 300 and 400 series begin with 325 and 425 sizes.) Seal configurations and design are not a part of this document. This gland is for use with custom compression type seals including, but not limited to, O-rings, T-rings, D-rings, etc.
Standard

Gland Design: Nominal 3/8 Inch Cross Section for Compression-Type Seals

2019-06-17
CURRENT
AS4832A
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) offers gland details for a 0.364 inch (9.246 mm) cross-section gland (nominal 3/8 inch) with proposed gland lengths for compression-type seals with two backup rings over a range of 7 to 21 inches (178 to 533 mm) in diameter. The dash number system used is similar to AS568A. A 600 series has been chosen as a logical extension of AS568A, and the 625 number has been selected for the initial number, since 300 and 400 series in MIL-G-5514 and AS4716 begin with 325 and 425 sizes. Seal configurations and design are not a part of this document. This gland is for use with compression-type seals including, but not limited to, O-rings, T-rings, D-rings, cap seals, etc.
Standard

Plain Bearing Selection for Landing Gear Applications

2010-07-15
HISTORICAL
AIR1594C
This document is intended to give advisory information for the selection of plain bearings and bearing materials most suitable for aircraft landing gear applications. Information included herein was derived from bearing tests and service experience/reports. Airframe/landing gear manufacturers, commercial airlines, the U.S. Air Force and Naval Air Systems Command provided input for the document. Information is given on bearing installation methods and fits that have given satisfactory performance and service life. Base metal corrosion is a major cause of problems in bearing installations for landing gears. Therefore, methods of corrosion prevention are discussed. Effort is directed toward minimizing maintenance and maximizing life expectancy of landing gear bearings. Lubricated and self-lubricating bearings are also discussed. There are wide ranges of bearing load and motion requirements for applications in aircraft landing gears.
Standard

Plain Bearing Selection for Landing Gear Applications

2007-03-05
HISTORICAL
AIR1594B
This document is intended to give advisory information for the selection of plain bearings and bearing materials most suitable for aircraft landing gear applications. Information included herein was derived from bearing tests and service experience/reports. Airframe/landing gear manufacturers, commercial airlines, the U.S. Air Force and Naval Air Systems Command provided input for the document. Information is given on bearing installation methods and fits that have given satisfactory performance and service life. Base metal corrosion is a major cause of problems in bearing installations for landing gears. Therefore, methods of corrosion prevention are discussed. Effort is directed toward minimizing maintenance and maximizing life expectancy of landing gear bearings. Lubricated and self-lubricating bearings are also discussed. There are wide ranges of bearing load and motion requirements for applications in aircraft landing gears.
Standard

Plain Bearing Selection for Landing Gear Applications

2000-11-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1594A
This document is intended to give advisory information for the selection of plain bearings and bearing materials most suitable for aircraft landing gear applications. Information is given on bearing installation methods and fits that have given satisfactory performance and service life expectancy. Corrosion is a major cause of problems in bearing installations for landing gears. Therefore, methods of corrosion prevention are outlined. Effort is directed toward minimizing maintenance and maximizing life expectancy of bearing installations. Lubricated and self-lubricating bearings are discussed. There are wide ranges of bearing load and motion requirements for applications in aircraft landing gears. For this reason, it is the responsibility of the designer to select that information which pertains to his particular application. Anti-friction bearings, defined as rolling element bearings generally used in wheel and live axle applications, will not be discussed in this document.
Standard

Plain Bearing Selection for Landing Gear Applications

1981-08-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1594
This document is intended to give advisory information for the selection of plain bearings and bearing materials most suitable for aircraft landing gear applications. Information is given on bearing installation methods and fits that have given satisfactory performance and service life expectancy. Corrosion is a major cause of problems in bearing installations for landing gears. Therefore, methods of corrosion prevention are outlined. Effort is directed toward minimizing maintenance and maximizing life expectancy of bearing installations. Lubricated and self-lubricating bearings are discussed.
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