This document establishes standard gland dimensions for static radial O-ring seal applications and provides recommendations for modifying these glands in applications. No provisions are made in this document for anti- extrusion devices. SI unit conversions for U.S. customary units have been provided for reference purposes.
The purpose of this document is to provide the aerospace industry with standardized dimensional criteria for dynamic radial elastomeric O-ring seal glands. It is intended for use in conjunction with ARP 1231, "Gland Design, Elastomeric O-Ring Seals, General Considerations". This document establishes standard gland design criteria and dimensions for dynamic radial O-ring seal applications and provides recommendations for modifying these glands in special applications. There are no provisions in this document for anti- extrusion devices.
The purpose of this standard is to provide the missile hydraulic and pneumatic component designer with information learned, tested and substantiated in correction of problems and failures experienced with seals that are subject to the unique requirements of missile static storage and subsequent dynamic operational conditions. Missile hydraulic and pneumatic component designers have been handicapped by the absence of concise design criteria for two difficult sealing conditions usually existing in missile applications as follows: Static pressure condition - Low pressure for long periods in a cyclic temperature environment (i.e., long term storage requirements). Dynamic pressure condition - High pressures suddenly applied in an extreme temperature environment (i.e., operational firing requirement).
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides an overview of the various types of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE and TFE) back up rings for hydraulic and pneumatic fluid power applications, including their advantages and disadvantages.