Experimental Investigation of Diesel and Surrogate Fuels: Spray and Ignition Behavior
In this work, surrogate fuels composed of n-decane and alpha-methylnaphthalene (AMNL) with different compositions according to the reference cetane numbers 53, 45, 38, and 23 are investigated. In addition to the two-component mixtures, we examine a three-component mixture composed of n-decane, AMNL, and di-n-butyl ether (DNBE) corresponding to a reference cetane number of 53. Spray characteristics of liquid and fuel vapor phase and the relationship between ignition quality and lift-off length are investigated. The experimental results show, first of all, that for these mixtures, the cetane number is a good indicator for the ignition delay. Diesel and surrogate fuels have different liquid penetration lengths, which depend on the evaporation rate, and hence vapor pressure and boiling point of the fuels.