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Considerations on Ice Formation in Aircraft Fuel Systems

2008-08-15
WIP
AIR790D
Ice formation in aircraft fuel systems results from the presence of dissolved and undissolved water in the fuel. Dissolved water or water in solution with hydrocarbon fuels constitutes a relatively small part of the total water potential in a particular system with the quantity dissolved being primarily dependent on the fuel temperature and the water solubility characteristics of the fuel. One condition of undissolved water is entrained water such as water particles suspended in the fuel as a result of mechanical agitation of free water or conversion of dissolved water through temperature reduction. Another condition of undissolved water is free water which may be introduced as a result of refueling or the settling of entrained water which collects at the bottom of a fuel tank in easily detectable quantities separated by a continuous interface from the fuel above. Water may also be introduced as a result of condensation from air entering a fuel tank through the vent system.
Standard

Considerations on Ice Formation in Aircraft Fuel Systems

2006-08-24
CURRENT
AIR790C
Ice formation in aircraft fuel systems results from the presence of dissolved and undissolved water in the fuel. Dissolved water or water in solution with hydrocarbon fuels constitutes a relatively small part of the total water potential in a particular system with the quantity dissolved being primarily dependent on the fuel temperature and the water solubility characteristics of the fuel. One condition of undissolved water is entrained water such as water particles suspended in the fuel as a result of mechanical agitation of free water or conversion of dissolved water through temperature reduction. Another condition of undissolved water is free water which may be introduced as a result of refueling or the settling of entrained water which collects at the bottom of a fuel tank in easily detectable quantities separated by a continuous interface from the fuel above. Water may also be introduced as a result of condensation from air entering a fuel tank through the vent system.
Standard

Considerations on Ice Formation in Aircraft Fuel Systems

1964-04-20
HISTORICAL
AIR790
In the past, incidents and accidents occurred in the operation of military and civil aircraft which were attributed to the formation of ice in the engine fuel supply system resulting in intermittent or complete starvation of fuel flow. Considerable effort was devoted by many airframe companies, engine and accessory manufacturers and government agencies to study the problem of ice formation and to evolve corrective measures. By its very nature, the problem of ice formation was difficult to identify and analyze. However, corrective measures were developed which virtually eliminated serious icing problems in aircraft fuel systems. For many years incidents and accidents have not occurred on aircraft equipped with fuel heaters and/or operated with fuel containing anti-icing additive.
Standard

Considerations on Ice Formation in Aircraft Fuel Systems

1999-10-01
HISTORICAL
AIR790B
This document suggests and summarizes points that should be considered with respect to the formation of ice in aircraft fuel systems. These summaries represent a cross-section of the opinions of fuel system designers and users.
Standard

Fuel System Design Considerations for Composite Based Fuel Components

2018-11-19
WIP
AIR7493
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is a compilation of engineering design guidelines and reference data useful to ensure composite materials used in fuel system components are compatible with an aircraft fuel system. This AIR is not a complete design manual, but offers insight into key aspects of composition design that must be adequately researched and verified before being used in a fuel system.
Standard

Guidance on the Impact of Fuel Properties on Fuel System Design and Operation

2018-02-24
CURRENT
AIR7484
This document describes a number of jet fuel properties and where applicable gives the specification limits for Jet A and Jet A-1, though the properties are generally applicable to all turbine fuels. Later versions of this document will give more details on specification limits for other similar fuels, such as TS-1, where they differ from Jet A and Jet-A1. It gives details about the possible impact on airframe fuel system design.
Standard

Fuel System Definitions and Glossary of Terms

2015-05-20
WIP
AIR6510
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) comprises the technical terms and nomenclature, together with their definitions and abbreviations that are used in Aircraft Fuel Systems.
Standard

Fuel Thermal Management Systems

2016-04-21
WIP
AIR6380
Overview of thermal management system Key requirements and design considerations for thermal management system Lessons learned
Standard

Aerospace Fuel System Specifications and Standards

2013-08-01
WIP
AIR1408B
This report lists documents that aid and govern the design of gas turbine powered aircraft and missile fuel systems. The report lists the military and industry specifications and standards and the most notable design handbooks that are commonly used in fuel system design. The specifications and standards section has been divided into two parts, a master list arranged numerically of all industry and military specifications and standards and a component list that provides a functional breakdown and a cross-reference of these documents. It is intended that this report be a supplement to specifications MIL-F-8615; MIL-F-17874; MIL-F-38363 and MIL-F-87154. Revisions and amendments which are correct for the specifications and standards are not listed. The fuel system design handbooks are listed for fuels and for system and component design.
Standard

Aerospace Fuel System Specifications and Standards

1986-09-01
CURRENT
AIR1408A
This report lists documents that aid and govern the design of gas turbine powered aircraft and missile fuel systems. The report lists the military and industry specifications and standards and the most notable design handbooks that are commonly used in fuel system design. The specifications and standards section has been divided into two parts, a master list arranged numerically of all industry and military specifications and standards and a component list that provides a functional breakdown and a cross-reference of these documents. It is intended that this report be a supplement to specifications MIL-F-8615, MIL-F-17874, MIL-F-38363 and MIL-F-87154. Revisions and amendments which are correct for the specifications and standards are not listed. The fuel system design handbooks are listed for fuels and for system and component design.
Standard

Thesaurus for Fuel System Components

2014-02-03
CURRENT
AIR1615B
This document provides a summary of names commonly used throughout the industry for aircraft fuel system components. It is a thesaurus intended to aid those not familiar with the lexicon of the industry.
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