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Standard

High Performance 1553 Research and Development

2007-02-21
HISTORICAL
AIR5683
MIL-STD-1553 establishes requirements for digital command/response time division multiplexing (TDM) techniques on military vehicles, especially aircraft. The existing MIL-STD-1553 network operates at a bit rate of 1 Mbps and is limited by the protocol to a maximum data payload capacity of approximately 700 kilobits per second. The limited capacity of MIL-STD-1553 buses coupled with emerging data rich applications for avionics platforms plus the expense involved with changing or adding wires to thousands of aircraft in the fleet has driven the need for expanding the data carrying capacity of the existing MIL-STD-1553 infrastructure.
Standard

High Performance 1553 Research and Development

2016-10-21
CURRENT
AIR5683A
MIL-STD-1553 establishes requirements for digital command/response time division multiplexing (TDM) techniques on military vehicles, especially aircraft. The existing MIL-STD-1553 network operates at a bit rate of 1 Mbps and is limited by the protocol to a maximum data payload capacity of approximately 700 kilobits per second. The limited capacity of MIL-STD-1553 buses coupled with emerging data rich applications for avionics platforms plus the expense involved with changing or adding wires to thousands of aircraft in the fleet has driven the need for expanding the data carrying capacity of the existing MIL-STD-1553 infrastructure.
Standard

POWER CONTROLLERS: SIGNAL INTERFACE APPLICATIONS AND CONSIDERATIONS

1991-09-03
HISTORICAL
AIR4272
This AIR is applicable to SSPCs, EMPCs, and hybrid power controllers. It covers the control, status, BIT, etc., interfaces, other than electrical power. For the purpose of this document, a power controller shall have, as a minimum, the following characteristics: Power switching function Control input Overload protection Status feedback To accomplish the goals set forth in the Foreword, the interfaces are first categorized by function. Next, examples of actual implementations are given.
Standard

Power Controllers: Signal Interface Applications and Considerations

2006-05-22
CURRENT
AIR4272A
This AIR is applicable to SSPCs, EMPCs, and hybrid power controllers. It covers the control, status, BIT, etc., interfaces, other than electrical power. For the purpose of this document, a power controller shall have, as a minimum, the following characteristics: a. Power switching function b. Control input c. Overload protection d. Status feedback To accomplish the goals set forth in the Foreword, the interfaces are first categorized by function. Next, examples of actual implementations are given.
Standard

Handbook of System Data Communications

2016-10-21
CURRENT
AIR4271A
This Aerospace Information Report (AIR) has been prepared by the Systems Applications and Requirements Subcommittee of SAE Committee AS-2. It is intended to provide guidance primarily, but not exclusively, for specifiers and designers of data communication systems for real time military avionics applications within a platform. The subject of high speed data transmission is addressed from two standpoints: (1) the influence of developments in technology on avionics architectures as a whole and (2) the way in which specific problems, such as video, voice, closed loop control, and security may be handled. While the material has been prepared against a background of experience within SAE AS-2 relating to the development of a family of high speed interconnect standards, reference to specific standards and interconnect systems is minimized.
Standard

Handbook of System Data Communications

1989-11-01
HISTORICAL
AIR4271
This Aerospace Information Report (AIR) has been prepared by the Systems Applications and Requirements Subcommittee of SAE Committee AS-2. It is intended to provide guidance primarily, but not exclusively, for specifiers and designers of data communication systems for real time military avionics applications within a platform. The subject of high speed data transmission is addressed from two standpoints: (1) the influence of developments in technology on avionics architectures as a whole and (2) the way in which specific problems, such as video, voice, closed loop control, and security may be handled. While the material has been prepared against a background of experience within SAE AS-2 relating to the development of a family of high speed interconnect standards, reference to specific standards and interconnect systems is minimized.
Standard

Linear Token Passing Multiplex Data Bus User's Handbook

2012-05-03
CURRENT
AIR4288A
This document is intended to explain, in detail, the rationale behind the features and functions of the AS4074, Linear, Token-passing, Bus (LTPB). The discussions also address the considerations which a system designer should take into account when designing a system using this bus. Other information can be found in these related documents: AIR4271 - Handbook of System Data Communication AS4290 - Validation Test Plan for AS4074
Standard

Handbook For The SAE AS4075 High Speed Ring Bus Standard

1995-02-01
HISTORICAL
AIR4289
This Handbook has been prepared by the Ring Implementation Task Group of the SAE AS-2 Committee, and is intended to support AS4075 by providing explanation of the standard itself and guidance on its use. The principal objective in the preparation of a standard is to provide a statement of operational and performance requirements, and an unambiguous definition of the functions to be realized in any implementation, primarily from the view point of interoperability. While efforts have been made within the AS4075 standard to provide a readable general description of the HSRB, detailed explanations, rationale and guidance to the use are incompatible with the purpose and, indeed, the format of a standard. Accordingly, this Handbook contains a paragraph-by-paragraph explanation of the main sections of the standard, and a discussion of application and implementation issues.
Standard

Linear Token Passing Multiplex Data Bus User's Handbook

1992-12-30
HISTORICAL
AIR4288
This document is intended to explain, in detail, the rationale behind the features and functions of the AS4074, Linear, Token-passing, Bus (LTPB). The discussions also address the considerations which a system designer should take into account when designing a system using this bus. Other information can be found in these related documents:
Standard

Handbook for the SAE AS4075 High Speed Ring Bus Standard

2012-05-03
CURRENT
AIR4289A
This Handbook has been prepared by the Ring Implementation Task Group of the SAE AS-2 Committee, and is intended to support AS4075 by providing explanation of the standard itself and guidance on its use. The principal objective in the preparation of a standard is to provide a statement of operational and performance requirements, and an unambiguous definition of the functions to be realized in any implementation, primarily from the view point of interoperability. While efforts have been made within the AS4075 standard to provide a readable general description of the HSRB, detailed explanations, rationale and guidance to the use are incompatible with the purpose and, indeed, the format of a standard. Accordingly, this Handbook contains a paragraph-by-paragraph explanation of the main sections of the standard, and a discussion of application and implementation issues.
Standard

Handbook for the Digital Time Division Command/Response Multiplex Data Bus Test Plans

1992-10-30
HISTORICAL
AIR4295
This document contains guidance for using SAE publications, AS4112 through AS4117 (MIL-STD-1553 related Test Plans). Included herein are the referenced test plan paragraphs numbers and titles, the purpose of the test, the associated MIL-STD-1553 paragraph, commentary concerning test methods and rationale, and instrumentation requirements.
Standard

Handbook for the Digital Time Division Command/Response Multiplex Data Bus Test Plans

2016-10-21
CURRENT
AIR4295A
This document contains guidance for using SAE publications, AS4112 through AS4117 (MIL-STD-1553 related Test Plans). Included herein are the referenced test plan paragraphs numbers and titles, the purpose of the test, the associated MIL-STD-1553 paragraph, commentary concerning test methods and rationale, and instrumentation requirements.
Standard

A Primer of Aircraft Multiplexing

1972-01-01
CURRENT
AIR1207
Today's sophisticated aircraft are required to effectively perform a variety of missions. With the advent of micro-miniaturization in electronics and advanced digital computers, a new generation of avionics equipment and systems can be utilized to increase the capabilities of the aircraft. As the quantity and variety of equipment and functions increases, the problems of inter-connecting these equipments with wires presents a constraint on size, weight, signal conditioning, reliability, maintainability and electromagnetic control. Conventional wiring has resulted in large bundles of wires and many connectors which adds excessive weight and reduces the space available for the pilot and other vital elements. This limitation can be relieved significantly by the application of well proven multiplexing techniques.
Standard

Pi-Bus Handbook

2012-05-03
CURRENT
AIR4903A
This section defines the scope of the document, provides a brief history of the Pi-Bus, discusses key features of the Pi-Bus, and provides an overview of the operation of the Pi-Bus. This document is a handbook intended to accompany AS4710 Pi-Bus standard. The purpose of this document is to provide information to aid users of the Pi-Bus, whether they be implementors of Pi-Bus controllers, architects of systems considering using the Pi-Bus, or programmers who must develop applications in a system which uses the Pi-Bus as the backplane communications bus. This document also provides rationale for many of the Pi-Bus requirements as defined in AS4710 and a discussion of potential enhancements that are being considered for the Pi-Bus.
Standard

Pi-Bus Handbook

1996-01-01
HISTORICAL
AIR4903
This section defines the scope of the document, provides a brief history of the Pi-Bus, discusses key features of the Pi-Bus, and provides an overview of the operation of the Pi-Bus. This document is a handbook intended to accompany AS4710 Pi-Bus standard. The purpose of this document is to provide information to aid users of the Pi-Bus, whether they be implementors of Pi-Bus controllers, architects of systems considering using the Pi-Bus, or programmers who must develop applications in a system which uses the Pi-Bus as the backplane communications bus. This document also provides rationale for many of the Pi-Bus requirements as defined in AS4710 and a discussion of potential enhancements that are being considered for the Pi-Bus.
Standard

MODULAR AVIONICS BACKPLANE FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS AND CONSENSUS ITEMS (MABFRACI)

1996-11-01
HISTORICAL
AIR4980
The original purpose of this document was to establish interface requirements for modular avionics backplanes to be prototyped up to 1995. The document was issued as ARD50011 in September 1992. It is being reissued as an SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) in order to: Preserve the requirements for more than 2 years Support design of retrofits and avionics systems to be fielded in the years 1995 to 2000 Provide a baseline for updating the requirements of future integrated systems These requirements were and are intended to promote standardization of modular avionic backplane interfaces. These requirements have been driven predominantly, but not exclusively, by aerospace type military platforms.
Standard

Modular Avionics Backplane Functional Requirements and Consensus Items (MABFRACI)

2012-05-03
CURRENT
AIR4980A
The original purpose of this document was to establish interface requirements for modular avionics backplanes to be prototyped up to 1995. The document was issued as ARD50011 in September 1992. It is being reissued as an SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) in order to: Preserve the requirements for more than 2 years Support design of retrofits and avionics systems to be fielded in the years 1995 to 2000 Provide a baseline for updating the requirements of future integrated systems These requirements were and are intended to promote standardization of modular avionic backplane interfaces. These requirements have been driven predominantly, but not exclusively, by aerospace type military platforms.
Standard

Statement on Requirements for Real-Time Communication Protocols (RTCP)

1996-04-01
HISTORICAL
AIR4886
The purpose of this document is to establish the requirements for Real-Time Communication Protocols (RTCP). Systems for real-time applications are characterized by the presence of hard deadlines where failure to meet a deadline must be considered a system fault. These requirements have been driven predominantly, but not exclusively, by aerospace type military platforms and commercial aircraft, but are generally applicable to any distributed, real-time, control systems. These requirements are primarily targeted for the Transport and Network Layers of peer to peer protocols, as referenced in the Open System Interconnect Reference Model (2.2.1 and 2.2.2), developed by the International Standards Organization (ISO). These requirements are intended to complement SAE AS4074 (2.1.1) and AS4075 (2.1.2), and future SAE communications standards.
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