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Technical Paper

Effect of Intake Port Design on the Flow Field Stability of a Gasoline DI Engine

2011-04-12
2011-01-1284
The application of technologies such as direct injection, turbo charging and variable valve timing has caused a significant evolution of the gasoline engine with positive effects on fuel consumption and emissions. The current developments are primarily focused on the realization of improved full load characteristics and fuel consumption reduction with stoichiometric operation, following the downsizing approach in combination with turbo charging and high specific power. The requirements of high specific power in a relatively small cylinder displacement and a wide range of DI injection specifications lead to competing development targets and to a high number of degrees of freedom during engine layout and optimization. One of the major targets is to assess the stability of the combustion system in the early development phase.
Technical Paper

Experimental Investigation of In-Cylinder Wall Wetting in GDI Engines Using a Shadowgraphy Method

2013-04-08
2013-01-1604
This paper discusses an experimental approach to compare the amount of gasoline on the liner for different engine setups. This is done in a non-fired motored gasoline direct injection (GDI) test engine with transparent liner walls. The main goal is a planar observation and detection of the liner wetting using a shadowgraphy method. The area of impinged fuel on the liner is visualized. After one injection cycle the decay of the area due to evaporation can be described over the next running cycles without injection. The evaporation rate is a function of the wetted area. The amount of impinged fuel is estimated with a combination of the measured wetted area and theory of evaporation behavior. In this study three different injectors are tested under full load conditions. The injection strategies are varied. Big differences are observed between the injectors and injection strategies. Furthermore the advantages and drawbacks of the measurement method are discussed.
Technical Paper

A New Approach for Optimization of Mixture Formation on Gasoline DI Engines

2010-04-12
2010-01-0591
Advanced technologies such as direct injection DI, turbocharging and variable valve timing, have lead to a significant evolution of the gasoline engine with positive effects on driving pleasure, fuel consumption and emissions. Today's developments are primarily focused on the implementation of improved full load characteristics for driving performance and fuel consumption reduction with stoichiometric operation, following the downsizing approach in combination with turbocharging and high specific power. The requirements of a relatively small cylinder displacement with high specific power and a wide flexibility of DI injection specifications lead to competing development targets and additionally to a high number of degrees of freedom during optimization. In order to successfully approach an optimum solution, FEV has evolved an advanced development methodology, which is based on the combination of simulation, optical diagnostics and engine thermodynamics testing.
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