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Technical Paper

Suspension Strain Correlation Using Flex Bodies in MBD

Abstract Automotive Suspension is one of the critical system in load transfer from road to Chassis or BIW. Using flex bodies in Multi body simulations helps to extract dynamic strain variation. This paper highlights how the MBD and FE integration helped for accurate strain prediction on suspension components. Overall method was validated through testing. Good strain correlation was observed in dynamic strains of constant amplitude in different loading conditions. Combination of different direction loading was also tested and correlated. Method developed can be used in the initial phase of the vehicle development program for suspension strength evaluation. Suspension is one of the important system in vehicle which is subjected to very high loading in all the directions. To predict the dynamic stresses coming on the suspension system due to transient loads, faster and accurate method is required.
Technical Paper

Analysis and Stack-Up Sequence Optimization for Fiber Reinforced Composite Hood

Abstract In today’s cost competitive environment, automotive companies are moving towards lightweight materials for reducing carbon footprint, increasing fuel economy and cost benefits. Fiber reinforced plastics (FRP) is one of the most attractive option considering its high strength to weight ratio. The advantage of continuous FRP composites is tailorability according to different performance requirements. This paper will focus on finite element analysis and optimization of automotive hood structure made up of continuous carbon fiber reinforced composite with epoxy resin based matrix. Composite hood structure is analyzed using detailed orthotropic composite laminate models and an appropriate composite material failure theory. Strength of FRPs is maneuvered by orientations of the fiber plies. Considering this, stack-up sequence optimization is performed considering bending, torsional stiffness and fundamental modes in dynamic analysis.
Technical Paper

Systematic Approach for Structural Optimization of Automotive Systems

Abstract In today’s cost-competitive automotive market, use of finite element simulations and optimization tools has become crucial to deliver durable and reliable products. Simulation driven design is the key to reduce number of physical prototypes, design iterations, cost and time to market. However, simulation driven design optimization tools have struggled to find global acceptance and are typically underutilized in many applications; especially in situations where the algorithms have to compete with existing know-how decision making processes. In this study, systematic multi-phase approach for optimization driven design is presented. Approach includes three optimization phases. In first phase, topology optimization is performed on concept BIW design volume to identify critical load paths. Architectural inputs from topology are used to design base CAD.