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Technical Paper

Performance Investigation of Series-Parallel Type PHEV Using Virtual Integrated Development Environment

2013-10-14
2013-01-2582
In this study, design procedure and performance of a series-parallel type plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) are investigated using the virtual integrated development environment (VIDE). First, the powertrain model of the target PHEV is constructed using the provided component library in the VIDE. Component parameters are determined based on the objective vehicle performance such as the maximum speed, hill climbing ability, acceleration performance etc. In addition, control algorithm and a full car simulator are developed for the target PHEV. The VIDE full car simulator is validated by AVL CRUISE software. Using the VIDE simulator, performance of the PHEV component and mode control algorithm are investigated and modifications on design parameters and mode control algorithm are proposed to improve the fuel economy.
Technical Paper

Crashworthiness Design of Hierarchical Honeycomb-Filled Structures under Multiple Loading Angles

2020-04-14
2020-01-0504
Thin-walled structures have been widely used in automobile body design because of its good lightweight and superior mechanical properties. For the energy-absorbing box of the automobile, it is necessary to consider its working conditions under the axial and oblique impact. In this paper, a novel hierarchical honeycomb is proposed and used as filler for thin-walled structures. Meanwhile, the crashworthiness performances of the conventional honeycomb-filled and the hierarchical honeycomb-filled thin-walled structures under different impact conditions are systematically studied. The results indicate the energy absorption of the hierarchical honeycomb-filled thin-walled structure is higher than that of the conventional honeycomb-filled thin-walled structure, and the impact angle has significant effects on the energy absorption performance of the hierarchical honeycomb-filled structure.
Technical Paper

Impact Simulation and Structural Optimization of a Vehicle CFRP Engine Hood in terms of Pedestrian Safety

2020-04-14
2020-01-0626
With the rapidly developing automotive industry and stricter environmental protection laws and regulations, lightweight materials, advanced manufacturing processes and structural optimization methods are widely used in body design. Therefore, in order to evaluate and improve the pedestrian protection during a collision, this paper presents an impact simulation modeling and structural optimization method for a sport utility vehicle engine hood made of carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP). Head injury criterion (HIC) was used to evaluate the performance of the hood in this regard. The inner panel and the outer panel of CFRP hood were discretized by shell elements in LS_DYNA. The Mat54-55 card was used to define the mechanical properties of the CFRP hood. In order to reduce the computational costs, just the parts contacted with the hood were modeled. The simulations were done in the prescribed 30 impact points.
Technical Paper

Bi-Directional Evolutionary Structural Optimization for Crashworthiness Structures

2020-04-14
2020-01-0630
Gradient based topology optimization method is difficult used to optimization of crashworthiness structures due to the expensive computational cost of sensitivity analysis and complex nonlinear behaviors (geometric nonlinearity, material nonlinearity and contact nonlinearity) of structures during a collision. Equivalent static loads (ESLs) method is one of the methods for nonlinear dynamic response optimization. However, this method ignores the material nonlinearity. Thus this paper proposes an improved topology optimization method for crashworthiness structure based on a modified ESLs method. A new calculation of ESLs considering material nonlinearity is proposed. The improved ESLs method is employed to transform the nonlinear dynamic response optimization into a nonlinear static response optimization with multiple load cases. Each element in the design domain is assigned with a design variable.
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