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Standard

Standard for Protective Covers for Gasoline Fuel Line Tubing

2013-05-28
CURRENT
J2027_201305
This SAE Standard includes performance requirements for protective covers for flexible, non-metallic fuel tubing. Ultimate performance of the protective cover may be dependent on the interaction of the fuel tubing and protective cover. Therefore, it is recommended that tubing and cover combinations be tested as an assembly, where appropriate, to qualify to this document.
Standard

Nonmetallic Fuel System Tubing with One or More Layers

2004-11-01
CURRENT
J2260_200411
This SAE Standard presents the minimum requirements for nonmetallic tubing with one or more layers manufactured for use as liquid-carrying or vapor-carrying component in fuel systems for gasoline, or alcohol blends with gasoline. Requirements in this document also apply to monowall tubing (one layer construction). When the construction has one or more layers of polymer-based compounds in the wall, the multilayer constructions are primarily for the purpose of improvement in permeation resistance to hydrocarbons found in various fuels. The tube construction can have a straight-wall configuration, a wall that is convoluted or corrugated, or a combination of each. It may have an innermost layer with improved electrical conductivity for use where such a characteristic is desired. The improved electrical conductivity can apply to the entire wall construction, if the tubing is a monowall. (For elastomeric based MLT constructions, refer to SAE J30 and SAE J2405).
Standard

Fuel Filler Pipe Assembly Design Practice to Meet Low Evaporative Emission Requirements

2019-09-11
WIP
J2599
This SAE Recommended Practice covers design and evaluation of the entire gasoline filler pipe assembly used on cars and light trucks with respect to compliance with CARB (California Air Resources Board) LEV II (meeting or exceeding EPA Tier 2 and EU Stage-5 evaporative emissions requirements). It is limited to an assembly which is joined to the fuel tank using either a hose, Quick Connect Coupling, or a grommet type sealing device. The Design Practice covers the filler cap, filler pipe, filler pipe assembly to tank hose, and filler pipe assembly to tank grommet or spud. It includes recommendations for design of components and assemblies intended to perform successfully in evaporative emission SHED (Sealed Housing for Evaporative Determination) tests, based on best practices known at the time of release.
Standard

Fuel Filler Pipe Assembly Design Practice to Meet Low Evaporative Emission Requirements

2002-11-07
HISTORICAL
J2599_200211
This SAE Recommended Practice covers design and evaluation of the entire gasoline filler pipe assembly used on cars and light trucks with respect to compliance with CARB (California Air Resources Board) LEV II (meeting or exceeding EPA Tier 2 and EU Stage-5 evaporative emissions requirements). It is limited to an assembly which is joined to the fuel tank using either a hose, Quick Connect Coupling, or a grommet type sealing device. The Design Practice covers the filler cap, filler pipe, filler pipe assembly to tank hose, and filler pipe assembly to tank grommet or spud. It includes recommendations for design of components and assemblies intended to perform successfully in evaporative emission SHED (Sealed Housing for Evaporative Determination) tests, based on best practices known at the time of release.
Standard

Fuel Filler Pipe Assembly Design Practice to Meet Low Evaporative Emission Requirements

2012-08-14
CURRENT
J2599_201208
This SAE Recommended Practice covers design and evaluation of the entire gasoline filler pipe assembly used on cars and light trucks with respect to compliance with CARB (California Air Resources Board) LEV II (meeting or exceeding EPA Tier 2 and EU Stage-5 evaporative emissions requirements). It is limited to an assembly which is joined to the fuel tank using either a hose, Quick Connect Coupling, or a grommet type sealing device. The Design Practice covers the filler cap, filler pipe, filler pipe assembly to tank hose, and filler pipe assembly to tank grommet or spud. It includes recommendations for design of components and assemblies intended to perform successfully in evaporative emission SHED (Sealed Housing for Evaporative Determination) tests, based on best practices known at the time of release.
Standard

Fuel Filler Pipe Assembly Design Practice to Meet Low Evaporative Emission Requirements

2003-04-25
HISTORICAL
J2599_200304
This SAE Recommended Practice covers design and evaluation of the entire gasoline filler pipe assembly used on cars and light trucks with respect to compliance with CARB (California Air Resources Board) LEV II (meeting or exceeding EPA Tier 2 and EU Stage-5 evaporative emissions requirements). It is limited to an assembly which is joined to the fuel tank using either a hose, Quick Connect Coupling, or a grommet type sealing device. The Design Practice covers the filler cap, filler pipe, filler pipe assembly to tank hose, and filler pipe assembly to tank grommet or spud. It includes recommendations for design of components and assemblies intended to perform successfully in evaporative emission SHED (Sealed Housing for Evaporative Determination) tests, based on best practices known at the time of release.
Standard

Fuel Tank Filler Cap and Cap Retainer Threaded

2012-04-30
HISTORICAL
J1114_201204
This SAE Recommended Practice was developed primarily for passenger car and truck applications but it may be used in marine, industrial, and similar applications.
Standard

Requirements for Built-In Service Port for On Board Diagnostics

2008-08-11
HISTORICAL
J2744_200808
This document presents the requirements for a built-in service port to be used in vehicles intended to comply with Enhanced Evaporative Emissions Requirements. The primary function of the Service Port (Valve Assembly-Evaporative Emission Canister Purge Harness Service) is to provide non-destructive access to the evaporative emissions system to enable testing of the integrity of the system. The Service Port is used to introduce air pressure or fuel vapors into, or evacuates them out of, the system. This access may be used for the following evaluations: • Evaporative System Certifications Canister Loading and Purging • End-of-line Testing System Integrity • Service (e.g. OBD MIL on) Leak Location and Repair Verification • In-Use Compliance Testing Canister Loading and Purging • Inspection/Maintenance Testing System Integrity and Purge Check
Standard

Test Procedure to Measure Permeation of Elastomeric Hose or Tube by Weight Loss

2019-04-01
CURRENT
J2663_201904
This test method is intended for measuring fuel permeation at elevated temperature through low permeating hose or tubing samples of elastomeric or composite construction. The expected accuracy of the method is about ±10% of the sample permeation rate. Hose permeation testing can be done two ways: Method A – Plug and Fill or Method B – using a fuel reservoir. Method A involves plugging one end of the hose, filling the sample to about 90% full with test fuel, plugging the other end, and then exposing the plugged sample to a desired test temperature, with the weight loss measured over time. Method B involves plugging one end of a hose, and then connecting the other end to a fuel reservoir. The hose sample and reservoir are then exposed to a desired test temperature with the weight loss measured over time. This procedure presents a recommended plug design that permits inserting the plugs prior to adding the test fluid.
Standard

Test Procedure to Measure the Fuel Permeability of Materials by the Cup Weight Loss Method

2006-10-13
HISTORICAL
J2665_200610
This test standard covers the procedure for measuring the permeation of fuel or fuel surrogates through test samples of elastomeric, plastic or composite materials, up to about 3 mm thick. The method involves filling a test cup with the test fluid (fuel or fuel surrogate), sealing test sample over the open end of the cup, and then placing the sealed container into an oven at the desired test temperature and measuring the weight loss over time. Permeation rates are calculated from the rate of weight loss and the exposed area of the test sample. Standard permeation test temperatures are 40 °C and 60 °C. Standard test fluids are Fuel C, Fuel CE10 and Fuel CM15. Other fluids, such as Fuel CMTBE15, and other volatile liquids may be tested according to this procedure as desired (SAE J1681). The method is not applicable for measuring permeation of higher boiling materials that will not completely evaporate from the exterior surface of the sample at the test temperature.
Standard

Test Procedure to Measure the Fuel Permeability of Materials by the Cup Weight Loss Method

2018-12-12
CURRENT
J2665_201812
This test standard covers the procedure for measuring the permeation of fuel or fuel surrogates through test samples of elastomeric, plastic or composite materials, up to about 3 mm thick. The method involves filling a test cup with the test fluid (fuel or fuel surrogate), sealing test sample over the open end of the cup, and then placing the sealed container into an oven at the desired test temperature and measuring the weight loss over time. Permeation rates are calculated from the rate of weight loss and the exposed area of the test sample. Standard permeation test temperatures are 40 °C and 60 °C. Standard test fluids are Fuel C, Fuel CE10 and Fuel CM15. Other fluids, such as Fuel CMTBE15, and other volatile liquids may be tested according to this procedure as desired (SAE J1681). The method is not applicable for measuring permeation of higher boiling materials that will not completely evaporate from the exterior surface of the sample at the test temperature.
Standard

Test Procedure to Measure Permeation of Elastomeric Hose or Tube by Weight Loss

2010-06-16
HISTORICAL
J2663_201006
This test method is intended for measuring fuel permeation at elevated temperature through low permeating hose or tubing samples of elastomeric or composite construction. The expected accuracy of the method is about ±10% of the sample permeation rate. Hose permeation testing can be done two ways: Method A – Plug and Fill or Method B – using a fuel reservoir. Method A involves plugging one end of the hose, filling the sample to about 90% full with test fuel, plugging the other end, and then exposing the plugged sample to a desired test temperature, with the weight loss measured over time. Method B involves plugging one end of a hose, and then connecting the other end to a fuel reservoir. The hose sample and reservoir are then exposed to a desired test temperature with the weight loss measured over time. This procedure presents a recommended plug design that permits inserting the plugs prior to adding the test fluid.
Standard

Test Method to Measure Fluid Permeation of Polymeric Materials by Speciation

2012-07-30
HISTORICAL
J2659_201207
This test method described in this document covers a procedure to speciate that is, to determine the amounts of each different fuel constituent that permeates across sheets, films or slabs of plastic materials. One side of the sheet is meant to be in contact with either a liquid test fuel or a saturated test fuel vapor, the other side is meant to be exposed to an environment free of fuel. The test fuel can either be a mixture of a small (usually smaller than ten) number of hydrocarbon, alcohol and ether constituents or it can be a sample of a real automotive fuel, e.g., one that may contain hundreds of different constituents. Furthermore, Appendix A contains guidelines to speciate evaporative emissions from finished fuel system components such as fuel lines, fuel filler pipes, fuel sender units, connectors and valves.
Standard

Test Method to Measure Fluid Permeation of Polymeric Materials by Speciation

2018-12-12
CURRENT
J2659_201812
This test method described in this document covers a procedure to speciate that is, to determine the amounts of each different fuel constituent that permeates across sheets, films or slabs of plastic materials. One side of the sheet is meant to be in contact with either a liquid test fuel or a saturated test fuel vapor, the other side is meant to be exposed to an environment free of fuel. The test fuel can either be a mixture of a small (usually smaller than ten) number of hydrocarbon, alcohol and ether constituents or it can be a sample of a real automotive fuel, e.g., one that may contain hundreds of different constituents. Furthermore, Appendix A contains guidelines to speciate evaporative emissions from finished fuel system components such as fuel lines, fuel filler pipes, fuel sender units, connectors and valves.
Standard

Fuel Components and Systems Leak Tightness Specifications and Test Practices (or Methods)

2018-12-19
CURRENT
J2973_201812
This SAE recommended practice specifies a standard geometry leak channel to set the leak threshold and compare results from a variety of leak test technologies and test conditions. This practice applies to fuel system assemblies and components which have a risk of allowing regulated fuel or fuel vapors to continuously escape to atmosphere. A component or assembly tested to this standard has a zero HC leakage threshold because the selected leak channel (Equivalent Channel) will self-plug and will not emit measurable hydrocarbon liquid or vapors. Therefore this standard eliminates leaks as a source of evaporative emission. This practice was primarily developed for pressurized and non-pressurized fuel systems and components containing liquid hydrocarbon based fuels.
Standard

Fuel Components and Systems Leak Tightness Specifications and Test Practices (or Methods)

2014-02-05
HISTORICAL
J2973_201402
This SAE recommended practice specifies a standard geometry leak channel to set the leak threshold and compare results from a variety of leak test technologies and test conditions. This practice applies to fuel system assemblies and components which have a risk of allowing regulated fuel or fuel vapors to continuously escape to atmosphere. A component or assembly tested to this standard has a zero HC leakage threshold because the selected leak channel (Equivalent Channel) will self-plug and will not emit measurable hydrocarbon liquid or vapors. Therefore this standard eliminates leaks as a source of evaporative emission. This practice was primarily developed for pressurized and non-pressurized fuel systems and components containing liquid hydrocarbon based fuels.
Standard

Dispenser Nozzle Spouts for Liquid Fuels Intended for Use with Spark Ignition and Compression Ignition Engines

2012-05-31
HISTORICAL
J285_201205
This SAE recommended practice provides standard dimensions for liquid fuel dispenser nozzle spouts and a system for differentiating between nozzles that dispense liquid fuel into vehicles with Spark Ignition (SI) Engines and Compression Ignition (CI) Engines for land vehicles. Current legal definitions only distinguish between “UNLEADED Fuel” and “All Other Types of Fuel.” These definitions are no longer valid. This document establishes a new set of definitions that have practical application to current automobile liquid fuel inlets and liquid fuel dispenser nozzle spouts.
Standard

Dispenser Nozzle Spouts for Liquid Fuels Intended for Use with Spark Ignition and Compression Ignition Engines

2019-04-29
CURRENT
J285_201904
This SAE Recommended Practice provides standard dimensions for liquid fuel dispenser nozzle spouts and a system for differentiating between nozzles that dispense liquid fuel into vehicles with spark ignition (SI) engines and compression ignition (CI) engines for land vehicles. Current legal definitions only distinguish between “Unleaded Fuel” and “All Other Types of Fuel.” These definitions are no longer valid. This document establishes a new set of definitions that have practical application to current automobile liquid fuel inlets and liquid fuel dispenser nozzle spouts.
Standard

Quick Connect Coupling Specification for Liquid Fuel and Vapor/Emissions Systems

2009-08-13
CURRENT
J2044_200908
This SAE Recommended Practice defines the minimum functional requirements for quick connect couplings used for supply, return, and vapor/emission fuel system connections. This document also defines standard male tube end form dimensions, so as to guarantee interchangeability between all connector designs of the same male tube end form size. This document applies to automotive and light truck applications under the following conditions: a Gasoline and diesel fuel delivery systems or their vapor venting or evaporative emission control systems. b Operating pressure up to 500 kPa, 5 bar, (72 psig). c Operating vacuum down to −50 kPa, −0.5 bar (−7.2 psi). d Operating temperatures from −40 °C (−40 °F) to 115 °C (239 °F). Quick connect couplings function by joining the connector to a mating tube end form, then pulling back to assure a complete connection. The requirements stated in this document apply to new connectors in assembly operations unless otherwise indicated.
Standard

Fuel Systems and Components - Electrostatic Charge Mitigation

2011-10-25
HISTORICAL
J1645_201110
This SAE Surface Vehicle Recommended Practice deals with electrostatic charge phenomena that may occur in automotive fuel systems and applies to the following: Fuels that are in a liquid state at ambient temperatures and atmospheric pressures and are contained in vehicle fuel tanks that operate at or near atmospheric pressure. This includes gasoline and diesel fuels as well as their blends with additives such as alcohols, esters and ethers whether the additives are petroleum based or bio-fuel based. The group of components that comprise the fuel system (in contact and not in contact with fuels). Other components in proximity to the fuel system that may be affected by electrostatic fields caused by the fuel system. Electrostatic phenomena that arise from or are affected by the following aspects of vehicle or fuel system operation: ○ Flowing fuel in the fuel delivery system ○ Flowing fuel being dispensed to the vehicle while it is being fueled
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