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Technical Paper

Improved Fuel Efficiency and Vehicle Performance in MD and HD Commercial Vehicles in India with DCT

This paper analyses the potential of dual clutch transmissions for MD and HD commercial vehicles in India. It compares vehicle performance, i.e. duration of a given transport cycle, and fuel consumption during this transport cycle for a 49 to. long haulage truck under typically given driving conditions in India. Additionally a performance comparison between 6 speed and 8 speed transmissions on long haul trucks in India is shown. The performance of different transmission types (MT, AMT and DCT) as well as 6 respectively 8 speed transmissions for each transmissions type are compared and discussed. The fuel efficiency as well as the cycle time of each individual transmission have been analyzed by powertrain system simulations. Furthermore the design of a modular transmission family concept for commercial vehicles (truck & bus) is presented. It combines both, a manual transmission as well as a powershift capable double clutch transmission within the same transmission family.
Technical Paper

Testing of a Long Haul Demonstrator Vehicle with a Waste Heat Recovery System on Public Road

This paper presents the results of a long haul truck Waste Heat Recovery (WHR) system from simulation, test bench and public road testing. The WHR system uses exhaust gas recuperation only and utilizes up to 110kW of exhaust waste heat for the Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) in a typical European driving cycle. The testing and simulation procedures are explained in detail together with the tested and simulated WHR fuel consumption benefit for different real life cycles in Europe and USA reaching fuel consumption benefits between 2.5% and 3.4%. Additionally a technology road map is shown which discusses the role of WHR in fulfilling the future CARB BSFC target value (minimum in map) of around 172 g/kWh.
Technical Paper

Powertrain Solutions for Electrified Trucks and Buses

Local air pollution, noise emissions as well as global CO2 reduction and public pressure drive the need for zero emission transport solutions in urban areas. OEMs are currently developing battery electric vehicles with the focus to provide emission free urban transportation combined with lowest total cost of ownership and consequently a positive business case for the end customers. Thereby the main challenges are electric range, product cost, system weight, vehicle packaging and durability. Hence they are the main drivers in current developments. In this paper AVL describes two of its truck and bus solutions - a modular battery concept as well as a concept for an integrated electric axle. Based on the vehicle requirements concept designs for both systems are presented.