On the Influence of Manifold Geometry on Exhaust Noise
The influence of manifold geometry on exhaust noise is studied. First, a linear description of the problem is presented, so that potential relevant factors may be identified. Then a full non-linear simulation is performed, for a simple geometry, in order to check, in more realistic conditions, the ideas obtained from the linear theory. The results indicate that, although some qualitative trends may be obtained from the linear analysis, the role of back-reaction of the manifold on the engine (a non-linear coupling effect) may be determinant.