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Technical Paper

Compatibility between Brake Discs and Friction Materials in DTV Generation and Recovery Test

A comparative study was carried out to investigate the DTV (disk thickness variation) behavior according to the types of brake disks (gray iron grade 250 and high-carbon gray iron grade 200, 170) with two typical friction materials (non-steel and low-steel friction materials). To evaluate DTV generation and recovery characteristics, a parasitic drag mode simulating highway driving (off-brake) and a normal braking mode simulating city traffic driving (on-brake) were used with an inertia brake dynamometer. Results showed that DTV and BTV were strongly affected by the microstructure, hardness level and distribution of the gray cast iron with the friction material types. The BTV was reduced in the friction two pairs using non-steel friction materials with high carbon grade disks and low-steel friction materials with high-carbon, low hardness disk. In particular, the pair of low-steel friction materials and high-carbon, low-hardness brake disks was more effective on DTV recovery.
Technical Paper

Corrosion Induced Brake Torque Variation: The Effect from Gray Iron Microstructure and Friction Materials

Brake judder caused by corrosion of gray iron disks was investigated. In this study, the microstructure of the gray iron disks and the friction film developed on the disk surface by commercial friction materials were examined to find the root cause of the corrosion induced brake torque variation. Corrosion of the disk was carried out in an environmental chamber, simulating in-vehicle disk corrosion. Moisture content and acidity of the friction materials were also taken into account for this investigation and brake tests to examine torque variation during brake applications were performed using a single-end brake dynamometer. Results showed that the friction film developed on the disk surface strongly affected the amount of corrosion, while graphite morphology of the gray iron had little effect on the corrosion.
Journal Article

Effects of Chemical Components and Manufacturing Process of Cast Iron Brake Disc on its Resonant Frequency Variation

Many engineers have been working to reduce brake noise in many ways for a long time. So far, a progress has been made in preventing and predicting brake noise. Nevertheless, there are some discrepancies of brake noise generation propensity between testing for the prototype and the production. As known in general, the reason for this unpredicted brake noise occurrence in production is partly due to the variation of the resonant frequency, material and the other unpredictable or unmanageable variations of the components in a brake system. In this paper, effects of chemical components and casting process of gray iron brake disc on its resonant frequency variation have been studied. Especially this paper is focused on the variation in material aspects and manufacturing parameters during disc casting in usual production condition. And their effects are investigated by the variation of out-of-plane modal resonant frequency.