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Technical Paper

Development of Long Life Engine Oil Using Substituent Additive for ZnDTP

Engine oil combined with SPZn instead of ZnDTP shows excellent total base number (TBN) retention in oxidation and NOx gas bubbling tests. The wear resistance of engine oil combined with SPZn was similar to oil combined with ZnDTP in a four-ball test. Prototype engine oils with 1.0 wt% of sulfated ash and 0.04wt%-0.09wt% of SPZn-derived phosphorus were prepared and a JASO valve train wear test was performed on them. The wear resistance of engine oil including SPZn with P = 0.09 wt% was greater than that of engine oil including ZnDTP. This result shows the possibility of reduce the phosphorus in engine oil by using SPZn.
Technical Paper

Steric Effects on Tribochemical Reactivity in Detergent-Containing Lubricants under Nanoconfinement

Modern formulation in a wide variety of lubricants including engine oils and transmission fluids is designed to control friction through film-forming tribochemical reactions induced by the functional additives mixtures. Although many cases on the synergistic or antagonistic effects of additives on friction have been reported, their mechanisms are poorly understood. This study focused on the influences of metallic detergents on tribochemical reactions. We examined the mechanical properties of detergent-containing lubricants confined at a single-asperity contact and their contributions to tribochemical phenomena. We found that detergents enlarged the confinement space required for generating repulsive force and shear resistance. This means that these detergents provide steric effects under nanoconfinement at interfacial contacts.