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Technical Paper

Future Military APU Requirements

Future tactical aircraft will have increased capabilities that will place greater demands on their secondary power systems. Added capabilities such as low observability or internal weapons storage are being planned for without significantly increasing the aircraft's size and weight. The power system must therefore have reduced volume, weight, and complexity, while also being more reliable and maintainable. The auxiliary power unit (APU) is a critical component that must be improved to upgrade the capabilities of the power system. Increasing the APU's power density is one important way for reducing the power system's size and weight. Increased power density, however, will require a power unit operating with higher gas generator temperatures, so this condition will be the major challenge for new APU designs.
Technical Paper

Four-Phase Switch Reluctance Machines for More Electric Aircraft Power Generation

The development of the more electric aircraft is in progress. An important part of more electric aircraft concept is the integral starter/generator (ISG) mounted on the shaft of the jet engine. The prime candidate technology for the ISG is a system based on the switched reluctance motor (SRM). Switched reluctance technology has been chosen for this application because the a single failure does not lead to a complete loss of electrical power. In fact, each phase of the SRM is essentially independent of every other phase. Thus it is possible to be able to loose a single phase as a result of a fault and still remain operational with all of the other phases. This characteristic of the SRM has been referred to as fault tolerance and it is a very important characteristic when there is only one generator per engine.
Technical Paper

Preliminary Thermodynamic Analysis of Power System Impact on Tactical Aircraft Performance

A computerized thermodynamic analytical program is being developed to help investigate the impact of power system requirements on aircraft performance. The Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) program has a user interface that operates in MS-EXCEL, linking several subsystem analysis programs for execution and data transfer in the power systems analysis. The program presently includes an encoded propulsion engine cycle code, which allows the inspection of power extraction effects on engine performance. To validate the results of the encoded engine program, a study was conducted to investigate the separate effects of shaft power extraction and pneumatic bleed. The selected engine cycle was that for a standard tactical fighter, with a flight condition of varied altitude (sea level to 40k-ft.) and constant Mach Number(0.9). As expected, the resultant data showed that the engine performance was more sensitive to pneumatic bleed than to shaft power extraction.