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Standard

Thermal Transport Properties Germane to Friction Materials and Brakes

2017-02-02
CURRENT
J2581_201702
This SAE Information report defines the thermal transport properties important in the assessment of heat management capability of brake lining, shoe, disc and drum materials. The report discusses thermal diffusivity, specific heat capacity, thermal conductivity and thermal expansion. Measurement techniques for the appropriate ASTM standards are identified. The thermal transport properties discussed are material sample properties, not the properties of entire components such as pad assemblies.
Standard

Thermal Transport Properties Germane to Friction Materials and Brakes

2011-03-08
HISTORICAL
J2581_201103
This SAE Information report defines the thermal transport properties important in the assessment of heat management capability of brake lining, shoe, disc and drum materials. The report discusses thermal diffusivity, specific heat capacity, thermal conductivity and thermal expansion. Measurement techniques for the appropriate ASTM standards are identified. The thermal transport properties discussed are material sample properties, not the properties of entire components such as pad assemblies.
Standard

Gogan Hardness of Brake Lining

2004-08-16
HISTORICAL
J379_200408
Gogan hardness, a nondestructive (a penetrator causes shallow surface deformation) method of measuring compressibility, is used as a quality control check of the consistency of formulation and processing of brake lining. Gogan hardness alone shows nothing about a lining's ability to develop friction or to resist fade when used as a friction element in brakes. Gogan hardness varies with formulation, contour, and thickness of the lining. The Gogan hardness and the range of Gogan hardness are peculiar to each formulation, thickness, and contour and, therefore, the acceptable values or range must be established for each formulation and part configuration by the manufacturer.
Standard

Specific Gravity of Friction Material

2009-08-26
HISTORICAL
J380_200908
Specific gravity is a nondestructive test used as a quality control check of the consistency of formulation and processing of brake lining. The specific gravity and the range of specific gravity are peculiar to each formulation and, therefore, the acceptable values or range must be established for each formulation by the manufacturer. Specific gravity alone shows nothing about a materials in use performance. The specific gravity of sintered metal powder friction materials, particularly those which have steel backing members, is usually determined somewhat differently. Reference ASTM B 376.
Standard

Specific Gravity of Friction Material

2017-02-02
CURRENT
J380_201702
Specific gravity is a nondestructive test used as a quality control check of the consistency of formulation and processing of brake lining. The specific gravity and the range of specific gravity are peculiar to each formulation and, therefore, the acceptable values or range must be established for each formulation by the manufacturer. Specific gravity alone shows nothing about a materials in use performance. The specific gravity of sintered metal powder friction materials, particularly those which have steel backing members, is usually determined somewhat differently. Reference ASTM B 376.
Standard

Friction Coefficient Identification and Environmental Marking System for Brake Linings

2019-03-11
CURRENT
J866_201903
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended to provide a uniform means of identification which may be used to classify the friction coefficient of brake linings, based on data obtained from tests conducted in accordance with SAE J661 Brake Lining Quality Test Procedure and SAE J2975 Measurement of Copper and other elements in Brake Friction Materials. NOTE: It is emphasized that this document does not establish friction requirements for brake linings, nor does it designate significant characteristics of brake linings which must be considered in overall brake performance. Due to other factors that include brake system design and operating environment, the friction codes obtained from this document cannot reliably be used to predict brake system performance.
Standard

Friction Coefficient Identification and Environmental Marking System for Brake Linings

2012-07-16
HISTORICAL
J866_201207
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended to provide a uniform means of identification which may be used to classify the friction coefficient of brake linings, based on data obtained from tests conducted in accordance with SAE J661 Brake Lining Quality Test Procedure and SAE J2975 Measurement of Copper and other elements in Brake Friction Materials. NOTE: It is emphasized that this document does not establish friction requirements for brake linings, nor does it designate significant characteristics of brake linings which must be considered in overall brake performance. Due to other factors that include brake system design and operating environment, the friction codes obtained from this document cannot reliably be used to predict brake system performance.
Standard

Road Vehicles - Friction Materials - Elastic Properties Measurements

2017-09-29
CURRENT
J2725_201709
This SAE Standard specifies a method for testing and measuring elastic constants in friction materials by precise ultrasonic velocity measurements. Measurement methods are also described for measurement of the out-of-plane modulus as a function of pre-load as well as the measurement of engineering constants as a function of temperature. Finally, methods are formulated to produce all engineering constants as a function of pre-load and temperature.
Standard

Anti-Noise Brake Pads Shims: T-pull Test

2009-09-30
CURRENT
J2694_200909
This recommended practice covers the attachment of bonded anti-noise brake pad shims only. Mechanically attached shims (those without bonding) are not covered by this procedure.
Standard

Hardness of Brake Lining

2015-08-27
CURRENT
J2654_201508
Hardness measurements are used as a quality control check of the consistency of formulation and processing of brake linings. This hardness method is nondestructive. NOTE—This method is not a measure of friction level. The hardness and the range of hardness are characteristic of each formulation; therefore, the acceptable values and ranges must be established for each formulation and may be affected by processing. NOTE—The hardness of sintered powder metal lining is usually determined with Rockwell superficial hardness equipment. (See ASTM B 347)
Standard

Brake Lining Quality Test Procedure

2012-11-01
CURRENT
J661_201211
The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to establish a uniform laboratory procedure for securing and reporting the friction and wear characteristics of brake linings. The performance data obtained can be used for in-plant quality control by brake lining manufacturers and for the quality assessment of incoming shipments by the purchasers of brake linings.
Standard

Brake Lining Quality Test Procedure

2019-11-20
WIP
J661
The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to establish a uniform laboratory procedure for securing and reporting the friction and wear characteristics of brake linings. The performance data obtained can be used for in-plant quality control by brake lining manufacturers and for the quality assessment of incoming shipments by the purchasers of brake linings.
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