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Technical Paper

Experimental Acoustic Analysis of a Motorcycle Dissipative Muffler in Presence of Mean Flow

2016-11-08
2016-32-0039
In recent years, the motorcycle muffler design is moving to dissipative silencer architectures. Due to the increased of restrictions on noise emissions, both dissipative and coupled reactive-dissipative mufflers have substituted the most widely used reactive silencers. This led to higher noise efficiency of the muffler and size reduction. A dissipative muffler is composed by a perforated pipe that crosses a cavity volume filled by a fibrous porous material. The acoustic performance of this kind of muffler are strictly dependent on the porosity of the perforated pipe and the flow resistivity characteristic of the porous material. However, while the acoustic performance of a reactive muffler is almost independent from the presence of a mean flow for typical Mach numbers of exhaust gases, in a dissipative muffler the acoustic behaviour is strictly linked to the mass flow rate intensity.
Technical Paper

Improving Fuel Economy of Thermostatic Control for a Series Plugin-Hybrid Electric Vehicle Using Driver Prediction

2016-04-05
2016-01-1248
This study investigates using driver prediction to anticipate energy usage over a 160-meter look-ahead distance for a series, plug-in, hybrid-electric vehicle to improve conventional thermostatic powertrain control. Driver prediction algorithms utilize a hidden Markov model to predict route and a regression tree to predict speed over the route. Anticipated energy consumption is calculated by integrating force vectors over the look-ahead distance using the predicted incline slope and vehicle speed. Thermostatic powertrain control is improved by supplementing energy produced by the series generator with regenerative braking during events where anticipated energy consumption is negative, typically associated with declines or decelerations.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: January 2022

2022-01-01
Editorial Safety, standards crucial to AVs' advance The Navigator Imaging radar is the next big thing Cabins Reimagined Automated driving technologies, electrification, and shifting customer priorities are inspiring the transformation of vehicle cockpit design and materials. Prepping Cities for Vehicle Autonomy Deployment of new V2I technology and upgrades to existing roadway infrastructure can assist AVs and improve safety for all road users. Keeping Pace with In-Vehicle Data Speed Higher speed and bandwidth for in-vehicle networks, switches, and connections that carry data demand new development and testing solutions. Experts from Keysight Technologies explain. Honda Puts AVs to Work With the second generation of its Autonomous Work Vehicle, Honda advances the concept of automated vehicles as jobsite helpers.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: September 2020

2020-09-03
Editorial AV lidar enters a new reality The Navigator UNECE takes first step toward AV regulation Special Delivery - by 'Bot Michigan start-up Refraction AI aims to be the go-to for last-mile, semi-autonomous, all-weather delivery robots. Lidar Infiltrates ADAS Once considered a necessity only in fully autonomous vehicles, lidar sensors are now being evaluated for lower-level driver-assistance systems. Training Data-hungry AI Algorithms Large-scale data refinement is key to bringing more sophisticated automated-driving functions to series production. Simulation's Next Generation Do autonomous-vehicle developers have their simulation strategies all wrong? Some experts think so - but suggest there's a practical solution. Marelli's COVID-killing HVAC Insert With big implications for shared mobility, a new photocatalytic cabin-air purifier claims to kill viruses - including COVID-19. Is Ground-penetrating Radar Next for AV Sensing?
Magazine

Automotive Engineering: May 2021

2021-05-06
Software transforms vehicle development Software-defined vehicles are driving major changes in hardware and control architectures. Model-based analysis of e-motor designs Observing the magnetic field distribution, electromagnetic torque, and iron loss distribution allows engineers to optimize specific performance with minimal weight and material costs. NVH simulation meets realism New toolsets help reduce development time and bring sound and vibration data into the real world. Metamaterials R&D targets NVH abatement Nissan readies its lightweight acoustic solution for 2022 production - will Hyundai follow?
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: March 2020

2020-03-05
Editorial Autonomous 'Uncola' bubbles up The Navigator Cruise Origin points the way for AV architecture The Mind of Argo AI Co-founder and CEO Bryan Salesky brings a realistic approach to the self-driving technology "mission." Metamoto Goes Deep on AV Simulation Simulation based on the actual physics of vehicles and sensors continues expanding to replace millions of miles of potentially dangerous real-world testing. ZF Establishes Level 2+ ADAS Cost-effective technology solutions to meet diverse customer needs are what the "new pragmatism" in driver-assistance tech is all about. Senior VP Aine Denari explains. Lidar in a Flash Continental delivers a short-range 3D flash lidar sensor that's expected to find increasing application in commercial vehicles and off-highway ma-chines in 2020. Sensor Heat Relief Canatu's carbon nanobots keep critical sensor surfaces - and LED head-lamps - clear in sub-freezing weather.
Book

Honda R&D Technical Review: April 2007

2007-04-01
This unique publication chronicles the top Honda technical developments from October 2006 through March 2007. The 27 papers included give rare insight into the Honda's worldwide R&D team, and cover automotive, motorcycle, power products, and other fundamental technologies. Full-color diagrams complement the text. Title highlights include: Development of 1.8L Flexible Fuel Vehicle System for 2007 Model Year CIVIC for Brazil Hydraulic Control Technologies with Robust Stability and Performance for CVT Start Clutch Development of New BF90 Outboard Motor Research on Extended Expansion General-Purpose Engine (Part 2)- Heat Release and Brake Performance Thermal Management of Air-cooled Motorcycle Engines Using Forced Oil-cooling System Motorcycle Dynamic Simulation Model Incorporating Actual Rider Behavior Data This publication is available in both print and electronic format. The electronic format is also conveniently available for purchase in individual chapters.
Book

Stapp Car Crash Journal Vol. 59, 2015 download only

2015-11-09
This title carries the papers developed for the 2015 Stapp Car Crash Conference, the premier forum for the presentation of research in impact biomechanics, human injury tolerance, and related fields, advancing the knowledge of land-vehicle crash injury protection. The conference provides an opportunity to participate in open discussion the causes and mechanisms of injury, experimental methods and tools for use in impact biomechanics research, and the development of new concepts for reducing injuries and fatalities in automobile crashes. The topics covered this year include: • Biomechanical Testing and Modeling of Human Response and Injury in Side Impacts • Biomechanics of the Thorax/Abdomen • Estimating Effects of Vehicle Mass and Active Safety Technologies on Injury/Fatality Risk • Computational Models and ATDs • Response and Injury to Pedestrians and Cyclists • Human and ATD Response to High-Speed Vertical Loading
Book

Stapp Car Crash Journal Vol. 59, 2015

2015-11-09
This title carries the papers developed for the 2015 Stapp Car Crash Conference, the premier forum for the presentation of research in impact biomechanics, human injury tolerance, and related fields, advancing the knowledge of land-vehicle crash injury protection. The conference provides an opportunity to participate in open discussion the causes and mechanisms of injury, experimental methods and tools for use in impact biomechanics research, and the development of new concepts for reducing injuries and fatalities in automobile crashes. The topics covered this year include: • Biomechanical Testing and Modeling of Human Response and Injury in Side Impacts • Biomechanics of the Thorax/Abdomen • Estimating Effects of Vehicle Mass and Active Safety Technologies on Injury/Fatality Risk • Computational Models and ATDs • Response and Injury to Pedestrians and Cyclists • Human and ATD Response to High-Speed Vertical Loading
Book

Experimental and Simulation Tools for Thin-Film Solar Cells

2016-01-01
Experimental and Simulation Tools for Thin-Film Solar Cells describes the methods used for the optical characterization and design of thin-film solar cells. A description of the cells under study (CdTe, CIGS, CZTS, Perovskite, and organic) is given, followed by coupling experimental and simulation studies in order to improve solar cell performances. A detailed discussion on specific optical tools (ellipsometry, photoluminescence and photoreflectance) is included, and a link between materials and measurements is made by studying the relevant physical principles. Finally, a numerical model is provided that can be used to design the structure of a thin-film solar cell.
Book

Sensor and Data Fusion: A Tool for Information Assessment and Decision Making, 2nd Ed.

2012-01-01
The information in the second edition of this volume has been substantially expanded and updated to incorporate recent approaches to sensor and data fusion, as well as additional application examples. A new chapter about data fusion issues associated with multiple-radar tracking systems has also been added. This chapter includes topics such as sensor registration requirements, Kalman filtering, and a discussion of interacting multiple models. As in the first edition, the book discusses the benefits of sensor fusion that accrue when sensors that operate with different phenomenologies or surveil separate volumes of space are used to gather signatures and data about objects or events in their field of view.
Magazine

Automotive Engineering International 2004-07-01

2004-07-01
The need for speeds The recent automatic-transmission introductions by Toyota, DaimlerChrysler, and ZF highlight the trend toward greater gear-ratio spreads for better launch performance and cruising efficiency. Mechanical advantage Ride and handling can be influenced and controlled by the latest electronics, but careful mechanical design of the suspension can deliver significant benefits. Hard drives Driven by the insatiable demand for more usable navigation information and entertainment content, automotive disk drives will become commonplace, but not until cost and other issues are overcome, experts predict. Trucks get aerodynamic touch Light truck and SUV designers must reconcile conservative customer tastes with the need for reduced drag to bost efficiency. Pedestrian protection possibilities Carmakers consider a variety of solutions to the problem of saving lives outside the vehicle.
Magazine

Automotive Engineering International 2003-07-01

2003-07-01
A different automatic Developed in conjunction with BorgWarner, Volkswagen's DSG automatic six-speed gearbox is aimed at enthusiasts and has fuel consumption superior to a manual gearbox. Accident avoidance GM and Delphi are testing adaptive cruise control and collision-warning technologies in the hope of ultimately increasing driver awareness and reducing driving behaviors that can lead to accidents. Branding vehicle dynamics The use of active systems and common hardware across several vehicle platforms, with different calibrations and control algorithms, can offer variations in character and brand, according to Prodrive Automotive technology. The drive for improved dynamics For the new XJ, Mike Cross, Jaguar's Chief Engineer for Vehicle Integrity, and his team aimed to preserve the isolation and feel of the previous car, but instill the handling precision and steering accuracy of the S-Type.
Magazine

Automotive Engineering International 2004-02-01

2004-02-01
North American concepts Cars and car-based crossovers took the concept-vehicle spotlight this year at the 2004 North American International Auto Show in Detroit last month. Renault F1 opens up The company has provided unprecedented access to its new Formula One racecar and surprisingly detailed information on its engine. Cleaner, safer, quieter Testing companies are working to improve equipment and procedures to better match real-world situations in an effort to help automotive suppliers and OEMs in development of future vehicles. Microprocessor requirements soar Networks and emissions control are driving the switch to more powerful 32-bit chips. Hondra brings the hydrogen economy closer The next generation of fuel-cell stacks from Honda offers more power from a smaller package, and a prototype solar-power refueling station delivers the hydrogen fuel. GM hybrid story on SAE Congress agenda General Motors Corp. sees several avenues to a hybrid future, a transit bus leading the way.
Book

Navigation Signal Processing for GNSS Software Receivers

2010-01-01
The advancement of software radio technology has provided an opportunity for the design of performance-enhanced GNSS receivers that are more flexible and easier to develop than their FPGA or ASIC based counterparts. Filling a gap in the current literature on the subject, this highly practical resource offers you an in-depth understanding of navigation signal detection and estimation algorithms and their implementation in a software radio. This unique book focuses on high precision applications for GNSS signals and an innovative RTK receiver concept based on difference correlators. You learn how to develop navigation receivers for top performance using basic algorithms, like correlation and tracking, which can be understood on an intuitive level. Additionally, the book provides you with a theoretical framework for signal estimation and detection that gives you the knowledge you need to make performance assessments without building a receiver.
Book

Workflow Modeling: Tools for Process Improvement and Application Development, Second Edition

2008-01-01
This extensively revised second edition of the acclaimed and bestselling book, Workflow Modeling serves as a complete guide to discovering, scoping, assessing, modeling, and redesigning business processes. Taking into account the feedback from clients, workshop students, business professionals and other readers of the first edition, the authors have created this thoroughly updated and expanded resource, offering you clear, current, and concise guidance on creating highly effective workflow systems for your organization. Providing proven techniques for identifying, modeling, and redesigning business processes, and explaining how to implement workflow improvement, this book helps you define requirements for systems development or systems acquisition. By showing you how to build visual models for illustrating workflow, the authors help you to assess your current business processes and see where process improvement and systems development can take place.
Magazine

Automotive Engineering International 2001-10-01

2001-10-01
Semiconductors flex their muscles Makers of semiconductors see the automotive market as a prime opportunity for growth. The first part of this article looks at this growth from the perspective of semiconductor industry leader Motorola. The second part highlights some recent semiconductor product introductions. 2002 supplier technology As automakers increase outsourcing, suppliers are taking on more responsibility for developing increasingly complex systems and components. This special edition of Tech Briefs highlights some of the many supplier contributions to 2002 passenger cars. Vision sensors and the intelligent vehicle Advancements in CMOS imaging sensors have enabled Delphi engineers to adapt low-cost, high-quality cameras for a variety of applications in integrated safety systems. The reborn Thunderbird Taking cues from the 1955 model, the 2002 car benefited from Ford's modern platform and systems engineering as well as C3P computer modeling techniques.
Magazine

Automotive Engineering International 2000-11-01

2000-11-01
Getting the aero advantage Team Rahal has come up with several innovative ways of integrating and implementing Fluent Inc.'s computational fluid dynamics softwarae into its engineering process. Jordan Grand Prix benefits from 3-D design This motorsports team's transition from 2-D design to 3-D digital modeling using SDRC's I-DEAS software has resulted in shorter lead times and improved part fit. The 2002 Explorer/Mountaineer Ford engineers further improve ride, handling, and safety while increasing the vehicles' power. Cadillac's re-engineered Escalade The 2002 model has a host of new, advanced features including "Northstar-inspired" powertrains, StabiliTrak stability control, and a Road Sensing Suspension system. Explorer Sport Trac breaks new ground Ford says its 2001 Explorer Sport Trac, based on the 2001 Explorer four-door, was engineered for improved ride and handling, and is the first traditional SUV with an open cargo area.
Magazine

Automotive Engineering International 2008-08-01

2008-08-01
Back to the high-power future Executive Vice President Masatami Takimoto and other officials are re-engineering Toyota, borrowing elements of the past to tackle 21st-century environmental changes. Racing to green mobility The President of Honda R&D, Masaaki Kato, hopes to harness the company's "racing spirit" to research and develop innovative methods to reduce the CO2 emissions of its products. Charging ahead Nissan's Senior Vice President, Minoru Shinohara, explains the battery technology that will allow feasible electric cars, while not forgetting to mention the GT-R supercar. Market Genesis Hyundai-Kia R&D Center Chief Hyun-Soon Lee has added the top market-research job at the company as it tries to quickly add more value to its products with new technologies and features. China goes shiftless Suppliers hope to capitalize on the future gold mine for automatic transmissions by working with OEMs on high-tech but low-cost solutions.
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