Editorial Autonomy's data binge is more like a 5-course meal. Big Data, Big Challenges Cloud services and multiple partnerships are issues the mobility industry grapples with as data implications expand outside the vehicle. Reinventing the Automobile's Design The convergence of electric propulsion, Level 5 autonomy, and the advent of car-free urban zones, is driving new approaches to vehicle design and engineering. When Steering Isn't Steering Anymore High-level autonomy requires new thinking for even basic vehicle controls. Steer-by-wire technology eases some of the complexities automated driving presents-and offers desirable new possibilities. Autonomy and Electrification: A Perfect Match? Combining SAE Level 4/5 functionality and EV platforms brings chal-lenges-and opportunities for cost reduction and systems optimization. Who's Ahead in the Automated-Driving Race? The 2018 Navigant Research Leaderboard study brings interesting insights on the industry's progress.
This book deals with the past, present, and future of flow, sensors, and measurement. It is called The Tao of Measurement because, like the Tao itself, it reveals the underlying principles of flow and measurement. It explains the engineering and physics of flow and sensors, how our units of measurement were derived, present day measurement practices, and how today's scientific tools can improve our units of measurement. The book's opening chapters explore the technologies of temperature, pressure, and flow measurement. The authors reveal the history of units of measurement and describe how they came to be used today. The book then presents a thorough discussion of the different types of temperature sensors, pressure transmitters, and flowmeters. It contains an explanation of applications, and then comments on trends in sensors and measurement. Each chapter includes a handy glossary of units of measurement.
HPD: HPM II Design Tool SAE Part#EA-3HPD The H-Point design tool is a set of data used during design in conjunction with the H-Point machine. In an IGES file format the HPM II is positioned in 1 neutral position and the 4 pre-defined postures. The file is uploaded into the resident CAD system and the user must add constraints and parametrics. The HPD is referenced in J 826_2002 as a critical component to the design applications of the HPM II.
Voted one of the top ten new design books, this lavishly illustrated book is a colorful account of Le Corbusier's love affair with the automobile, his vision of the ideal vehicle, and his tireless promotion of a design that industry never embraced. Le Corbusier, who famously called a house "a machine for living," was fascinated-even obsessed-by another kind of machine, the automobile. His writings were strewn with references to autos: "If houses were built industrially, mass-produced like chassis, an aesthetic would be formed with surprising precision," he wrote in Toward an Architecture (1923). In his "white phase" of the twenties and thirties, he insisted that his buildings be photographed with a modern automobile in the foreground. Le Corbusier moved beyond the theoretical in 1936, entering (with his cousin Pierre Jeanneret) an automobile design competition, submitting plans for "a minimalist vehicle for maximum functionality," the Voiture Minimum.
This book is written as an introduction to rotor-bearing dynamics for practicing engineers and students who are involved in rotor dynamics and bearing designs. The goal is to provide a step-by-step approach to the understanding of fundamentals of rotor-bearing dynamics. Therefore, the emphasis is on the basic principles, phenomena, modeling, theory, and interpretations of the results. Introduction to Dynamics of Rotor-bearing Systems includes numerous examples, from a single-degree-of-freedom system to complicated industrial rotating machinery, which serve to illustrate fundamental dynamic behaviors. The concepts in the text are reinforced by parametric studies and numerous illustrative examples and figures.
Vehicle aerodynamic development, drag reduction and fuel economy, handling and stability, cooling flows, surface soiling and water management, vehicle internal environment, tyre aerodynamics and modelling, aeroacoustics, structural response to aerodynamic loading, simulating the on-road environment, onset flow turbulence, unsteady aerodynamics, fundamental flow structures, new test methods and facilities, new applications of computational fluid dynamics simulation, competition vehicle aerodynamics.
Wireless communication technologies support a host of innovative devices in modern vehicles, including digital and satellite radio, GPS, cell phones, and short range communication gadgets. Such applications require the use of multiple antennas operating in different frequency ranges. Automotive Antenna Design and Applications thoroughly examines traditional and advanced automotive antennas, including the principles, designs, and techniques used to reduce antenna dimensions without significant degradation of communication quality. This book is based on cutting-edge data collected from numerous technical papers, patents, and patent applications. It presents an overview of many commercially available automotive antennas and covers features that have become standard in automotive applications.
"Spotlight on Design: Insight" features an in-depth look at the latest technology breakthroughs impacting mobility. Viewers are virtually taken to labs and research centers to learn how design engineers are enhancing product performance/reliability, reducing cost, improving quality, safety or environmental impact, and achieving regulatory compliance. As global concerns about the negative consequences of greenhouse gases on the environment increase, regulatory agencies around the world are taking serious steps to address the issue of tailpipe emissions In the episode "Fuel Efficiency: Fuel Economy Testing" (12:01), engineers at the EPA’s National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory demonstrate how different vehicles are tested for emissions, and AVL’s technical team shows how accurate tailpipe emissions can be measured and reported.
This collection covers advances in the development and application of models and tools involved in multi-dimensional engine modeling: advances in chemical kinetics, combustion and spray modeling, turbulence, heat transfer, mesh generation, and approaches targeting improved computational efficiency. Papers employing multi-dimensional modeling to gain a deeper understanding of processes related to turbulent transport, transient phenomena, and chemically reacting, two-phase flows are included in this collection.
The main use of FRC in automobiles, with the exception of a few specialized low volume vehicles, has been until now in semistructural parts. One of the most promising process in development today, that may play major role in future structural composite fabrication, is based on SRIM technology. The rapid and extensive introduction of this process goes also through the development of deeper theoretical knowledge of the process and the development of computer simulation to aid mold design and choice of proper processing parameters. To contribute SRIM advancement, a preliminary model has been developed for viscosity changes, extent of the reaction and temperature rises, associated with the mold filling stage, as well as a simple software to evaluate the pressure drop through different combinations of reinforcements.
In order to improve the design of drawn parts and to reduce the number of trial and error tests, Renault has undertaken the development and the validation of various finite element procedures and codes. This paper describes the function of each software and its level of integration into the design process. One of them is already an operational tool used be planners whilst the others are still in the validation phase. Selected examples show typical applications of the computer programs on automotive parts.
In this paper the socio-economic and technical problems of the handling of car wrecks are discussed. The recovery of metals as a goal for shredder operations will increasingly be supplemented with the recovery of other materials such as polymers. In order to deal economically and technically with polymer materials, it is necessary to know in advance which type of wreck handling will be used. Also optimization of shredder operations allow less freedom to incorporate a variety of materials when compared with selective dismantling or disassemble of cars. It is argued that various technical solutions have to be accompanied by increased cooperation along the firms that are connected to the handling of car wrecks. Cooperation between the scrap context and designers is essential, in order to optimize dismantling practices according to criteria of environmentally preferred solutions.
Compression molding of thermoplastic sheets, consolidated or non- consolidated, reinforced with glass fibers (GMT, GRT) is applied as an economic production process in the automotive industry. The aim of this work is to evaluate how the physical and mechanical strength characteristics depend on the presence or absence of ribs and how component performance may be changed by modifying the molding parameters, altering the content and orientation of the reinforcement fibers in the ribbed areas. For this purpose, two statistical designs will be considered, the first carried out on a box type component without ribs, the second on the same component with a set of internal ribs. Two different materials with a PP matrix will be tested, a GMT reinforced with continuous random glass fibers and a 12 mm random glass fibers composite.
The purely theoretical evaluation of critical compression loads seems complex and not very reliable in the case of honeycomb panels, on account of the numerous parameters in play and their complex interrelationships. This report provides the designer with a fast tool for preliminary calculations, consisting of a finite-element mathematical model with elastic-linear code (which can be processed using a PC), which makes it possible to obtain information very closely resembling the real situation.
The pending changes in European law enabling the use of plastic lenses on vehicle headlamps provide an opportunity for further advancement of vehicle styling, lighting performance and aerodynamic efficiency. Plastic lenses can also provide a useful weight saving and contribute to energy savings during the lifetime of the vehicle. This paper discusses the current requirements, technologies and solutions for plastic lenses, and indicates the way this advance can impact on the evolution of lighting products.
The replacement with plastic of an important component, formerly in steel, in the timing drive of a heavily duty diesel engine has been studied and realized. The substituted part is the toothed coupling connecting the injection pump to the timing drive. Torque that stresses the coupling has been measured with laboratory tests. The tooth stresses have been calculated with FEM analysis. Finally, fatigue tests have been carried out directly on the engine at different loadings. The test results are consistent with the predicted behavior of this component.
A data bank developed to give a concrete help to the designer concerned with fatigue-prone structures made of composite materials is described. The data bank not only collects the available results of fatigue tests on these materials, but also makes easy their statistical analysis and comparison for design purposes. It is then believed to constitute also an useful research instrument for the development of design rules for well defined classes of composite materials.
The paper summarizes the results of an experimental and numerical study performed on the rear door of a car of large production. It was carried out with a DMC ("dough molding compound") plastic material with short glass fibers. This technology makes strong the link between the production process and the mechanical properties of the component. Such properties really vary according to the fibers orientation, the distance from the injection points and the geometrical complexity of the different regions of the molded component. In some regions the fibers orientation is well defined, in others the orientation can be expressed only in average tendency terms, with a large scatter band. It is natural to think that the material modifies its behavior from region to region, showing marked orthotropic properties or, on the contrary, a compensation isotropic trend.