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Technical Paper

Experimental Acoustic Analysis of a Motorcycle Dissipative Muffler in Presence of Mean Flow

2016-11-08
2016-32-0039
In recent years, the motorcycle muffler design is moving to dissipative silencer architectures. Due to the increased of restrictions on noise emissions, both dissipative and coupled reactive-dissipative mufflers have substituted the most widely used reactive silencers. This led to higher noise efficiency of the muffler and size reduction. A dissipative muffler is composed by a perforated pipe that crosses a cavity volume filled by a fibrous porous material. The acoustic performance of this kind of muffler are strictly dependent on the porosity of the perforated pipe and the flow resistivity characteristic of the porous material. However, while the acoustic performance of a reactive muffler is almost independent from the presence of a mean flow for typical Mach numbers of exhaust gases, in a dissipative muffler the acoustic behaviour is strictly linked to the mass flow rate intensity.
Technical Paper

Improving Fuel Economy of Thermostatic Control for a Series Plugin-Hybrid Electric Vehicle Using Driver Prediction

2016-04-05
2016-01-1248
This study investigates using driver prediction to anticipate energy usage over a 160-meter look-ahead distance for a series, plug-in, hybrid-electric vehicle to improve conventional thermostatic powertrain control. Driver prediction algorithms utilize a hidden Markov model to predict route and a regression tree to predict speed over the route. Anticipated energy consumption is calculated by integrating force vectors over the look-ahead distance using the predicted incline slope and vehicle speed. Thermostatic powertrain control is improved by supplementing energy produced by the series generator with regenerative braking during events where anticipated energy consumption is negative, typically associated with declines or decelerations.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: January 2022

2022-01-01
Editorial Safety, standards crucial to AVs' advance The Navigator Imaging radar is the next big thing Cabins Reimagined Automated driving technologies, electrification, and shifting customer priorities are inspiring the transformation of vehicle cockpit design and materials. Prepping Cities for Vehicle Autonomy Deployment of new V2I technology and upgrades to existing roadway infrastructure can assist AVs and improve safety for all road users. Keeping Pace with In-Vehicle Data Speed Higher speed and bandwidth for in-vehicle networks, switches, and connections that carry data demand new development and testing solutions. Experts from Keysight Technologies explain. Honda Puts AVs to Work With the second generation of its Autonomous Work Vehicle, Honda advances the concept of automated vehicles as jobsite helpers.
Magazine

Automotive Engineering: April 2022

2022-04-01
Airing on the side of innovation Lucid Motors' home-grown innovations are leading the pace in electrification. Top engineers tell how and why they're building a benchmark with the new Air EV. Keeping combustion in the conversation The world needs ICEs to stick around - here's how. Engineering a 'Maverick' hybrid transmission Ford Powertrain engineers marry their new in-house electric machine with the proven HF45 transmission - under aggressive vehicle program timing. Driving electrified powertrain systems design Drive System Design punches beyond its weight class in meeting customer needs for electrified powertrain systems engineering services. DSD's North American chief Jon Brentnall explains.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: March 2021

2021-03-04
Editorial SPAC attack The Navigator Mapping the way to safe and natural automated driving Motorcycles Enter the ADAS Age The latest models from BMW, Ducati and KTM feature Bosch's new ACC setup, but further advancements will require navigating critical rider-control strategies. On the Way to SVA Aptiv says its Smart Vehicle Architecture central controller is the key to simpler, more compact and higher-performance ADAS and AV systems. New Insistence for Driver Assistance Panelists at SAE International's 2021 Government/Industry Meeting say assisted-driving technology is worthwhile - but effective driver monitoring is crucial. Flash! Lidar's Next Generation Arrives Technology solutions from new players and alliances are poised to drive down cost. Horiba MIRA's Vision for World-Class AV Testing A new autonomous vehicle development center called Assured CAV boasts a lengthy list of assets and capabilities.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: May 2021

2021-05-01
Editorial Making Safety Standard The Navigator Sensor Monoculture is a Terrible Idea 3D-printed Radar Rises Toward Production Lunewave's unique Luneburg-lens technology aims to simplify vehicle radar arrays - and deliver better ADAS and AV performance. Accelerating Automotive Radar NXP's new, fifth-generation chipsets unleash 16-nm FinFet technology to the ADAS and AV markets. Autonomy's Computing Backbone Cloud-computing networks are speeding AV development and preparing to manage tomorrow's data-reliant AV fleets. Get in Line Evolving truck-platooning techniques are paving unique paths to high-level commercial vehicle autonomy. Ford in 'No-hands' Land BlueCruise hands-free driver-assist is available later this year for the Mustang Mach-E and F-150 pickup. ADAS-equipped Trucks Save Bucks Bosch research finds one specific driver-assistance feature may reduce costs associated with property damage by up to 35% for Class 7 and 8 trucks.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: May 2020

2020-05-01
Editorial "Clean" is the new AV safety paradigm The Navigator Leaderboard Report tracks the AV industry leaders V2X to the Rescue for VRUs! For motorcyclists and other vulnerable road users, V2X communication is a vital safety asset for the AV future. Radar's Evolving Role in ADAS and the AV Future The automotive radar sensor market is growing at a 21% compound annual growth rate, putting greater demands on chip design, testing, and module deployment. Please Fence Me In Limiting operational domains to speed AV adoption. Roush Lands in AV Country An auto-industry icon for engineering, prototyping, testing and manufacturing services establishes its West Coast presence. Virus-killing Ozone Generator: Savior for Shared Vehicles? Tier-1 supplier Magna evaluates its proven Puro virus-killing technology for a potentially new role: sanitizing vehicle interiors.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: November 2020

2020-11-05
Editorial Fool Self-Driving The Navigator The end of vehicle ownership Sanitary Solutions for AVs Gentex engineers are bridging mobility and medical technologies to tackle vital public-health issues of vehicle cabin cleanliness. 'Software, Start Your Engines' The 2021 Indy Autonomous Challenge is a high-speed laboratory for advancing automated driving. Getting to the 'Core' of AV Thermal Management Data-gobbling processors require new cooling solutions - and the AV industry needs standards, says a veteran engineer. Autonomy Takes Off-highway Integrating automation systems in mining, agricultural and construction machines can increase safety and productivity in the field and bring significant economic benefits. Boaring in on Vehicle-to-Animal Road Safety Researchers are using micro-Doppler radar, neural nets and machine learning to protect drivers from the wild critters that enter the road.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: September 2020

2020-09-03
Editorial AV lidar enters a new reality The Navigator UNECE takes first step toward AV regulation Special Delivery - by 'Bot Michigan start-up Refraction AI aims to be the go-to for last-mile, semi-autonomous, all-weather delivery robots. Lidar Infiltrates ADAS Once considered a necessity only in fully autonomous vehicles, lidar sensors are now being evaluated for lower-level driver-assistance systems. Training Data-hungry AI Algorithms Large-scale data refinement is key to bringing more sophisticated automated-driving functions to series production. Simulation's Next Generation Do autonomous-vehicle developers have their simulation strategies all wrong? Some experts think so - but suggest there's a practical solution. Marelli's COVID-killing HVAC Insert With big implications for shared mobility, a new photocatalytic cabin-air purifier claims to kill viruses - including COVID-19. Is Ground-penetrating Radar Next for AV Sensing?
Magazine

Automotive Engineering: October 2020

2020-10-01
FEV and the Art of EV Testing The legendary powertrain-engineering group has expanded its global footprint into EV testing and development to keep pace with changing technologies and customer demand. EVs expand the testing envelope Horiba builds on its core test-systems expertise as it pivots to battery packs, e-motors, fuel cells and their ancillary technologies. Symphony in the key of C8 Tenneco and GM solve multiple technical challenges to engineer the mid-engine Corvette's sweet-sounding active exhaust system. More air for the hydrogen fuel cell New electric-blower technology aims to enhance HFC efficiency. Aeristech engineering boss Luke Read explains.
Magazine

Automotive Engineering: September 2020

2020-09-01
Superlight superbike: 2021 Ducati Superleggera V4 Ducati pioneers the first street-legal production motorcycle with a full carbon-fiber chassis, as well as advanced aerodynamics. CFRP technical resources New 2020 SAE Technical papers detail current carbon-composite material developments. Virtual and physical testing of Third-Generation High Strength Steel Evaluating a new high-strength steel's ability to improve an existing stamped-steel production part. Static testing of EV components Firing nails into your latest Li-ion battery pack is but one of many regimens in the comprehensive testing of new electric vehicles.
Magazine

Automotive Engineering: June 2020

2020-06-04
Tesla casts a new strategy for lightweight structures The EV maker boldly invests in the world's largest aluminum die-casting machine to manufacture entire rear underbody structures. Steel the Real Deal Steel's infinite recyclability will help it remain the auto industry's material of choice, insists Tata Steel Europe's CCO. Tesla's Cybertruck is audaciously austenitic A proprietary 301-series stainless steel gives Tesla's first pickup truck unique sales attributes while saving tooling cost. Lightweight design beyond CAD New computational tools enable an integrated data-fusion approach to complex, mixed-materials engineering. An expert from nTopology explains. Editorial Impressions of a rocket launch SAE Standards News New Cooperative Driving Automation standard provides clarity to support advancement of full automation Supplier Eye Now comes product-cadence chaos What We're Driving Can CHAdeMO 3.0 standardize global EV quick-charging?
Magazine

Automotive Engineering: April 2021

2021-04-01
Optimizing hybrids for cost and fficiency AVL engineers detail a modular engine program suitable for all forms of hybridization. ICE: Once more, with feeling BorgWarner CSO sees at least one more generation of the ICE before its 'sunset.' Actuating hybrid and EV efficiency More sophisticated driveline-disconnect systems are part of the electrified-vehicle future, says the head of controls at Stoneridge. The world's piston maker charts the ICE future According to Mahle's research VP, the remaining development path for internal combustion is clean, electrified and ready for alternative fuels. Pumping EV heat Heat-pump technology is a game-changer for the widespread adoption of electric vehicles, says a service-tech training expert and EV owner.
Magazine

Automotive Engineering: March 2021

2021-03-01
Engineering Ford's future Product platform and operations chief Hau Thai-Tang on navigating the microchip shortage, compact-unibody trucks, EV and AV challenges, and driving engineering efficiencies amid the lockdown. NAWA aims for 5-minute EV charge A new nano-based carbon electrode is key to reducing electric-vehicle charging time. Hemphill's mission: Support the innovation ecosystem Schaeffler America CTO Jeff Hemphill brings impressive technical chops and well-honed communication skills to his new role as 2021 SAE International president.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: September 2021

2021-09-02
Editorial Fool Self-Driving II The Navigator What will result from NHTSA's Tesla Autopilot investigation? Data Drives Driverless Truck Launch Smart diagnostics and advanced validation help support the reliability metrics required to gain confidence that autonomous trucks are ready for the road. Peering into the Distance New sensors of all types look out longer distances - and provide higher resolutions - for engineers pushing ADAS capabilities and higher-level vehicle automation. Ford Drives into SAE Level 2 Driver monitoring was an essential component to engineering the new "hands-free" BlueCruise/Active Glide enhanced ADAS system. A Chore No More? The Detroit Smart Parking Lab opens to develop and test emerging parking technology in real-world settings. Share and Share Alike The concepts of rideshare and urban mobility continue to evolve as new projects test what's possible.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: July 2021

2021-07-01
Editorial Follow the money The Navigator C-V2X is finally gaining momentum in the U.S. Making the Strategic Move Into AV Testing Having built its global engineering reputation in the combustion-engine era, FEV makes a critical leap into automated-vehicle testing. Sony Jumps Into AV Sensors, Software The consumer-electronics giant leverages its innovative technologies for ADAS prototypes and partners with Hungary-based AImotive for automated-driving software. Mitigating Radar-to-Radar Interference An effective radar interference mitigation strategy should have the right balance between complexity and capability for dealing with the interferers. Amending the Automated-driving 'Constitution' SAE International's J3016 standard has been comprehensively revised with new distinctions and definitions. The Committee chairperson, Barbara Wendling, addresses the fine points behind the industry-defining - and perpetually controversial - classification for automated-driving capability.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: July 2020

2020-07-02
Editorial High noon for high-level autonomy The Navigator A fork in the road for the AV business The Electric, Autonomous Revolution Lifts Off Engineering the new generation of electric and hybrid vertical-take-off-and-landing vehicles at Wisk and Elroy Air. New SAE Standard for Automated-Driving Developers Developed in less than a year, SAE's new J3216 standard will impact traffic management, operations and safety for automated mobility. Making Data Logging, Replay and Prototyping More Efficient High levels of continuity and compatibility are vital to avoid interruptions in the development process - and reduce cost. Radar Death Star ELunewave's 3D-printed spherical antenna makes for fast, 360-degree single-snapshot readings that are claimed to beat the slower sweeps of conventional radar. The Case for FOTA in AV Data Security Firmware over-the-air data transmission helps OEMs drive secure vehicle autonomy.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: March 2020

2020-03-05
Editorial Autonomous 'Uncola' bubbles up The Navigator Cruise Origin points the way for AV architecture The Mind of Argo AI Co-founder and CEO Bryan Salesky brings a realistic approach to the self-driving technology "mission." Metamoto Goes Deep on AV Simulation Simulation based on the actual physics of vehicles and sensors continues expanding to replace millions of miles of potentially dangerous real-world testing. ZF Establishes Level 2+ ADAS Cost-effective technology solutions to meet diverse customer needs are what the "new pragmatism" in driver-assistance tech is all about. Senior VP Aine Denari explains. Lidar in a Flash Continental delivers a short-range 3D flash lidar sensor that's expected to find increasing application in commercial vehicles and off-highway ma-chines in 2020. Sensor Heat Relief Canatu's carbon nanobots keep critical sensor surfaces - and LED head-lamps - clear in sub-freezing weather.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: January 2020

2020-01-01
Editorial Defining and standardizing AV tech and testing The Navigator Automakers at fault if V2X spectrum is lost Superior Interiors New-mobility thinking is changing how vehicle interiors will work for everyone. Democratize AV Technology! Aptiv's new generation of open-sourced architectures based on a few central processors aims to speed AV adoption. CTO Glen DeVos explains. Wired for Autonomy Wiring harnesses are already heavy, complex and costly, so what happens when AV equipment is added? An expert from Mentor weighs in. Autonomy's 'Pirouetting' Future Protean Electric's novel 360-degree steering and in-wheel drive systems add new potential for urban mobility. Restructuring for Autonomy At the dSPACE World Conference, engineers gained new insights into digital development and virtual design and testing.
Book

Utility Vehicle Design Handbook, Second Edition

1991-09-01
Utility Vehicle Design Handbook contains valuable information of use to anyone interested in the principles, mechanics, or development of vehicles used by utility companies: engineers, designers, specifiers, buyers, fleet managers, and maintenance personnel. With up-to-date details on the latest technology, research, and equipment in the utility vehicle field, this handbook provides practical information for anyone working with vehicles used in the utility and communications industries. It collects a wealth of information from many sources into one comprehensive reference on utility vehicles. Completely updated to keep the handbook concise and timely, the second edition provides up-to-date details on the latest technology, research, and equipment in the utility vehicle field, plus updated sections on standards and terminology.
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