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Video

Development of High-Efficiency Rotary Engines

2012-05-10
In this presentation, we will explain how the traditional Miller Cycle - which has its limitations in the traditional four-stroke, Otto Cycle engine provides new opportunities for greater fuel efficiency gains and engine downsizing when incorporated in a split-cycle combustion process. Results will also be shared from studies showing how these implementations can provide both significant drops in fuel consumption and increases in power when incorporated into some of today's most economic vehicles. Presenter Stephen Scuderi, Scuderi Group LLC
Collection

High Efficiency IC Engines, 2012

2012-04-13
The 14 papers in this technical paper collection discuss high efficiency IC engines. Topics covered include engine downsizing, pressure boosting and turbocharging, intelligent combustion, low temperature and stratified charge, advanced fuel injection technologies, and more. The 15 papers in this technical paper collection discuss high efficiency IC engines. Topics covered include engine downsizing, pressure boosting and turbocharging, intelligent combustion, low temperature and stratified charge, advanced fuel injection technologies, and more.
Collection

Powertrains, Fuels & Lubricants - Mixing-Controlled CI Combustion, 2012

2012-09-18
The 8 technical papers in this collection feature CI combustion technologies distinguished by 1) mixing processes that influence combustion; and 2) combustion phasing closely coupled to the timing of fuel injection. This includes the impact of the fuel injection and jet-mixing processes; impact of swirl/spray targeting on mixing processes; combustion chamber/engine geometry optimization; sources of combustion inefficiency; and the impact of operating conditions.
Collection

CI & SI Power Cylinder Systems, 2014

2014-04-01
This technical paper collection covers the Power Cylinder: piston, piston rings, piston pins, and connecting rods. The papers include information on reducing friction and increasing fuel economy, improving durability by understanding wear, and decreasing oil consumption and blow-by.
Collection

Engine Boosting Systems, 2017

2017-03-28
The papers in this collection cover conceptual, modeling, and experimental studies relating to advanced turbochargers/superchargers and advanced boosting systems to achieve increased power density, better fuel economy, and reduced emissions.
Collection

Engine Boosting Systems, 2015

2015-04-14
This technical paper collection covers conceptual, modeling and experimental studies relating to advanced turbochargers/superchargers and advanced boosting systems to achieve increased power density, better fuel economy, and reduced emissions.
Collection

Engine Boosting Systems, 2018

2018-04-03
The papers in this collection cover conceptual, modeling, and experimental studies relating to advanced turbochargers/superchargers and advanced boosting systems to achieve increased power density, better fuel economy, and reduced emissions.
Collection

Engine Boosting Systems, 2014

2014-04-01
This technical paper collection will cover conceptual, modeling and experimental studies relating to advanced turbochargers/superchargers and advanced boosting systems to achieve increased power density, better fuel economy, and reduced emissions.
Standard

Procedure for Mapping Fuel Consumption for small spark ignited engines

2017-03-22
WIP
J3139
The purpose of this SAE Standard is to provide a standardized test procedure for measuring the fuel consumption of spark ignited engines in the range of 225-999cc used in the consumer and commercial turf industry. The load points and associated fuel consumption rates will be measured as the engine operates on the engine speed governor, reflecting how the user will operate the equipment. The fuel consumption calculated in gallons of useage per hour will be derived from a specified engine speed and load map to be communicated universally to end users.
Journal Article

Gasoline Fuelled Partially Premixed Compression Ignition in a Light Duty Multi Cylinder Engine: A Study of Low Load and Low Speed Operation

2009-06-15
2009-01-1791
The objective of this study was to examine the operating characteristics of a light duty multi cylinder compression ignition engine with regular gasoline fuel at low engine speed and load. The effects of fuel stratification by means of multiple injections as well as the sensitivity of auto-ignition and burn rate to intake pressure and temperature are presented. The measurements used in this study included gaseous emissions, filter smoke opacity and in-cylinder indicated information. It was found that stable, low emission operation was possible with raised intake manifold pressure and temperature, and that fuel stratification can lead to an increase in stability and a reduced reliance on increased temperature and pressure. It was also found that the auto-ignition delay sensitivity of gasoline to intake temperature and pressure was low within the operating window considered in this study.
Journal Article

Application of a Tunable-Diode-Laser Absorption Diagnostic for CO Measurements in an Automotive HCCI Engine

2010-10-25
2010-01-2254
An infrared laser absorption technique has been developed to measure in-cylinder concentrations of CO in an optical, automotive HCCI engine. The diagnostic employs a distributed-feedback, tunable diode laser selected to emit light at the R15 line of the first overtone of CO near 2.3 μm. The collimated laser beam makes multiple passes through the cylinder to increase its path length and its sampling volume. High-frequency modulation of the laser output (wavelength modulation spectroscopy) further enhances the signal-to-noise ratio and detection limits of CO. The diagnostic has been tested in the motored and fired engine, exhibiting better than 200-ppm sensitivity for 50-cycle ensemble-average values of CO concentration with 1-ms time resolution. Fired results demonstrate the ability of the diagnostic to quantify CO production during negative valve overlap (NVO) for a range of fueling conditions.
Journal Article

OILPAS - Online Imaging of Liquid-Particle-Suspensions - How to Prevent a Sudden Engine Breakdown

2010-05-05
2010-01-1528
Amount and size distribution of wear particles in engine lubricating oil are indicators of the current machine condition. A change in size distribution, especially a rise in the amount of larger particles, often indicates a starting wear of some machine parts. Monitoring wear particles contained in lubricating oil during normal machine operation can help to identify the need for maintenance and more important to prevent sudden failure of the machine. An optical method is used to image a thin layer of oil to count and classify contained particles. Therefore, a continuous flow of undiluted oil from the oil circuit of the machine is pumped through the measurement instrument. Inside the instrument, the oil flow is directed through a thin transparent flow cell. Images are taken using a bright LED flashlight source, a magnification lens, and a digital camera. Algorithms have been developed to process and analyze the images.
Journal Article

A Study of Drying-Up Friction and Noise of Automotive Accessory Belt

2013-04-08
2013-01-1701
Multiple-ribbed V belts have been widely used in automotive accessory drive systems to transmit power from crankshaft to power steering pump, alternator, and air conditioning (A/C) compressor. Overload under severe environmental conditions can lead to excessive slippage in the belt pulley interface in poorly designed accessory drive systems. This can lead to undesirable noise that increases warranty cost substantially. The mechanisms of this tribology phenomenon, noise features and system response are of utmost interest to the accessory drive system engineers. As accessory belt systems are usually used in ambient condition, the presence of water or moisture on belt is unavoidable under rainy or highly humid conditions. It has been found that the wet friction with negative coefficient of friction (cof)-velocity slope can lead to self-excited vibrations and squeal noise.
Technical Paper

LPG and Prechamber as Enabler for Highly Performant and Efficient Combustion Processes Under Stoichiometric Conditions

2021-09-05
2021-24-0032
The European Union has defined legally binding CO2-fleet targets for new cars until 2030. Therefore, improvement of fuel economy and carbon dioxide emission reduction is becoming one of the most important issues for the car manufacturers. Today’s conventional car powertrain systems are reaching their technical limits and will not be able to meet future CO2 targets without further improvement in combustion efficiency, using low carbon fuels (LCF), and at least mild electrification. This paper demonstrates a highly efficient and performant combustion engine concept with a passive pre-chamber spark plug, operating at stoichiometric conditions and powered with liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Even from fossil origin, LPG features many advantages such as low carbon/hydrogen ratio, low price and broad availability. In future, it can be produced from renewables and it is in liquid state under relatively low pressures, allowing the use of conventional injection and fuel supply components.
Technical Paper

Investigations into Steady-State and Stop-Start Emissions in a Wankel Rotary Engine with a Novel Rotor Cooling Arrangement

2021-09-05
2021-24-0097
The present work investigates a means of controlling engine hydrocarbon startup and shutdown emissions in a Wankel engine which uses a novel rotor cooling method. Mechanically the engine employs a self-pressurizing air-cooled rotor system (SPARCS) configured to provide improved cooling versus a simple air-cooled rotor arrangement. The novelty of the SPARCS system is that it uses the fact that blowby past the sealing grid is inevitable in a Wankel engine as a means of increasing the density of the medium used for cooling the rotor. Unfortunately, the design also means that when the engine is shutdown, due to the overpressure within the engine core and the fact that fuel vapour and lubricating oil are to be found within it, unburned hydrocarbons can leak into the combustion chambers, and thence to the atmosphere via either or both of the intake and exhaust ports.
Technical Paper

Influence of the MeFo and DMC Content in the Fuel on the Gasoline DI Spray Characteristics with the Focus on Droplet Speed and Size

2021-09-21
2021-01-1191
E-fuels are proven to be a major contributing factor to reduce CO2 emissions in internal combustion engines. In gasoline engines, C1 oxygenate are seen as critical to reach CO2 and emission reduction goals. Their properties affect the fuel injection characteristics and thus the fuel mixture formation and combustion emissions. To exploit the full potential of e-fuels, the detailed knowledge of their spray characteristic is necessary. The correlation between the fuel content of C1 oxygenates and particulate emissions do not appear to be linear. To understand this correlation, the spray characteristics have to be investigated in detail. The reduced stoichiometric air requirement leads to an increase of the injected fuel mass, which has to evaporate. This can lead to a changed fuel film interaction within the combustion chamber walls and therefore a change of particle formation.
Technical Paper

Effect of Blend Fuel Properties on Combustion Improvement Under Heterogeneous Combustion Field by Using Multi-Impinging Injection System

2021-09-21
2021-01-1194
To solve the engine performance deterioration and emission problems caused by fuel spray impingement on combustion chamber wall from direct injection internal engines, we bring out the new fuel injection concept, which we call it the impinging injection method. The impinging injection method uses two opposite injectors and tries to achieve spray atomization effect from the fuel sprays collision. A constant volume combustion chamber was used to confirm the spray characteristics and the combustion improvements. Previous study confirmed a significant reduction of spray/wall impingement and combustion improvements. Therefore, in this study, from the aspect of surrogate fuel, we investigated the spray and combustion characteristics of n-butanol addition blend with iso-octane and n-hexadecane, respectively, by using impinging injection and multi-impinging injection with different injection timing conditions. The n-butanol addition ratio ranged from 0% to 50%.
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