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Technical Paper

A Method of Acceleration Order Extraction for Active Engine Mount

2017-03-28
2017-01-1059
The active engine mount (AEM) is developed in automotive industry to improve overall NVH performance. The AEM is designed to reduce major-order signals of engine vibration over a broad frequency range, therefore it is of vital importance to extract major-order signals from vibration before the actuator of the AEM works. This work focuses on a method of real-time extraction of the major-order acceleration signals at the passive side of the AEM. Firstly, the transient engine speed is tracked and calculated, from which the FFT method with a constant sampling rate is used to identify the time-related frequencies as the fundamental frequencies. Then the major-order signals in frequency domain are computed according to the certain multiple relation of the fundamental frequencies. After that, the major-order signals can be reconstructed in time domain, which are proved accurate through offline simulation, compared with the given signals.
Technical Paper

An Improved PID Controller Based on Particle Swarm Optimization for Active Control Engine Mount

2017-03-28
2017-01-1056
Manufacturers have been encouraged to accommodate advanced downsizing technologies such as the Variable Displacement Engine (VDE) to satisfy commercial demands of comfort and stringent fuel economy. Particularly, Active control engine mounts (ACMs) notably contribute to ensuring superior effectiveness in vibration attenuation. This paper incorporates a PID controller into the active control engine mount system to attenuate the transmitted force to the body. Furthermore, integrated time absolute error (ITAE) of the transmitted force is introduced to serve as the control goal for searching better PID parameters. Then the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is adopted for the first time to optimize the PID parameters in the ACM system. Simulation results are presented for searching optimal PID parameters. In the end, experimental validation is conducted to verify the optimized PID controller.
Technical Paper

Full Vehicle Dynamic Modeling for Engine Shake with Hydraulic Engine Mount

2017-06-05
2017-01-1908
The statement of the engine shake problem is presented through comparing the quarter vehicle models with the rigid-connected and flexible-connected powertrain which is supported on the body by a rubber mount. Then the model is extended by replacing the rubber mount as a hydraulic engine mount (HEM) with regard to the inertia and resistance of the fluid within the inertia track. Based on these, a full vehicle model with 14 degree of freedoms (DOFs) is proposed to calculate the engine shake, which consists of 6 of the powertrain, 1 of the fluid within the inertia track of the HEM, 3 of the car body and 4 of the unsprung mass. Simulation analysis based on the proposed model is implemented, through which the conclusion is drawn that the HEM has great influence on the body and seat track response subjected to front wheel inputs, compared with the rubber mount.
Technical Paper

An FxLMS Controller for Active Control Engine Mount with Experimental Secondary Path Identification

2020-04-14
2020-01-0424
Active engine mounts (AEMs) notably contribute to ensuring superior performance of vehicle’s noise, vibration, and harshness. This paper incorporates a filtered-x-least-mean-squares (FxLMS) controller into the active control engine mount system to attenuate the transmitted force to the body. To avoid the error caused by substituting the load cell for acceleration transducer, the FIR model of the secondary path was obtained by experiment. Finally, a hardware-in-the-loop testing system is built to verify the performance of the active engine mount. It can be observed from the test results that the vibration is reduced notably after control, which demonstrates the effectiveness of the active engine mount and the controller in vibration attenuation.
Technical Paper

Nonlinear Modeling and Characteristic Analysis of Engine Shake Considering Air Engine Mount

2021-04-06
2021-01-0676
Attributable to its comprehensive advantages of good vibration isolation performance and low cost, air engine mount is gradually being applied in vehicle powertrain vibration reduction. In the present paper, a full vehicle nonlinear model considering air engine mount was established to describe the characteristics of engine shake better. A Jacobian-free Newton-Krylov (JFNK) method for solving nonlinear equations was proposed to simulate the model more efficiently. The result demonstrated that air engine mount has great influence on engine shake characteristics under the front wheel excitation. Then the influence of air engine mount parameters on engine shake characteristics was discussed. Finally, the engine shake characteristics considering air engine mount and hydraulic engine mount were compared and the result showed the former resonance frequency was higher.
Technical Paper

Comparison between Different Modelling Methods of Secondary Path to Maximize Control Effect for Active Engine Mounts

2021-04-06
2021-01-0668
Active engine mount (AEM) is an effective approach which can optimize the noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) performance of vehicles. The filtered-x-least-mean-squares (FxLMS) algorithm is widely applicated for vibration attenuation in AEMs. However, the performance of FxLMS algorithm can be deteriorated without an accurate secondary path estimation. First, this paper models the secondary path using finite impulse response (FIR) model, infinite impulse response (IIR) model and back propagation (BP) neural network model and the model errors of which are compared to determine the most accurate and robust modeling method. After that, the influence of operation frequency on accuracy of the secondary path model is analyzed through simulation approach. Then, the impact of reference signal mismatch on the control effect is demonstrated to study the robustness of FxLMS algorithm.
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