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Rear Impact, Side Impact, and Rollover, 2010

2010-06-01
This technical paper collection contains 20 papers presenting new technologies and research in the area of vehicle rear-end collision, rollover collision and lateral impacts. Papers may be related to analysis of crash compatibility, statistical data analysis, design of vehicle systems, biomechanics and dummy development. To see a listing of papers included in this special publication, click on the papers link below.
Collection

Rear Impact, Rollover, Side Impact, 2011

2011-04-12
The 23 papers in this technical paper collection address occupant protection with regards to rear impact, rollover, and side impact. Topics include: the effectiveness of curtain side air bags; side impact sensing calibration; door side impact countermeasure; off-road rollover dynamics; steer-induced rollovers; estimating variation in roof strength; occupant pocketing kinematics during whiplash assessments; rear occupant head restraint interaction in high-severity rear impact using BioRID and HIII; and more.
Collection

Rollover, and Side Impact, Safety Test Methodology, and Structural Crashworthiness 2012

2012-04-13
The 22 papers in this technical paper collection discuss occupant safety, including rollover and side impact, safety test methodology, and structural crashworthiness. Topics covered included vehicle design, restraint systems design, crash test analysis, CAE simulations and statistical trends analysis, post-crash pedestrian kinematics, and more. The 23 papers in this technical paper collection discuss occupant safety, including rollover and side impact, safety test methodology, and structural crashworthiness. Topics covered included vehicle design, restraint systems design, crash test analysis, CAE simulations and statistical trends analysis, post-crash pedestrian kinematics, and more.
Collection

Occupant Protection: Accident Reconstruction, 2015

2015-04-14
This technical paper collection focuses on the latest research related to methods and techniques for reconstructing vehicular crashes involving wheeled and tracked vehicles, pedestrians, and roadside features. Emphasis is placed on experimental data and theoretical methods that will enable reconstructionists to identify, interpret and analyze physical evidence from vehicular crashes
Collection

Advanced Analysis, Design, and Optimization for Materials, Restraints, and Structures for Enhanced Automotive Safety and Weight Reduction, 2018

2018-04-03
Papers with an emphasis on, but not limited to, innovative ideas to enhance automotive safety with improved material constitutive modeling, analysis method developments, simulation and pre/post processing tools, optimization techniques, crash code developments, finite element model updating, model validation and verification techniques, dummies and occupants, restraint systems, passive safety as well as lightweight material applications and designs are included in the collection.
Collection

Advanced Analysis, Design, and Optimization for Materials, Restraints, and Structures for Enhanced Automotive Safety and Weight Reduction, 2017

2017-03-28
Papers with an emphasis on, but not limited to, innovative ideas to enhance automotive safety with improved material constitutive modeling, analysis method developments, simulation and pre/post processing tools, optimization techniques, crash code developments, finite element model updating, model validation and verification techniques, dummies and occupants, restraint systems, passive safety as well as lightweight material applications and designs are included in the collection.
Collection

Safety Critical Systems, 2013

2013-04-09
The 24 papers in this technical paper collection focus on system safety analysis and design of safety-critical systems employing electronic controls. Topics include: implementation of safety-relevant systems, fail-safe strategies, distributed fault tolerant systems and hazard analysis.
Technical Paper

3D Audio Reproduction via Headrest equipped with Loudspeakers – Investigations on Acoustical Design Criteria

2020-09-30
2020-01-1567
This paper focuses on the analysis and evaluation of acoustical design criteria to produce a plausible 3D sound field solely via headrest with integrated loudspeakers at the driver/passenger seats in the car cabin. Existing audio systems in cars utilize several distributed loudspeakers to support passengers with sound. Such configurations suffer from individual 3D audio information at each position. Therefore, we present a convincing minimal setup focusing sound solely at the passenger’s ears. The design itself plays a critical role for the optimal reproduction and control of a sound field for a specific 3D audio application. Moreover, the design facilitates the 3D audio reproduction of common channel-based, scene-based, and object-based audio formats. In addition, 3D audio reproduction enables to represent warnings regarding monitoring of the vehicle status (e.g.: seat belts, direction indicator, open doors, luggage compartment) in spatial accordance.
Technical Paper

Automotive Nuclear-Heat Engines and Associated High-Temperature Materials

1957-01-01
570036
APPLICATION of nuclear energy for civilian automotive uses has possibilities, these authors say. Nuclear power for automotive applications, they feel, is technically feasible now where size and weight are not prime considerations; where size and weight are major parameters, discoveries of new materials for construction of nuclear-power reactors must be made. New materials are needed for reactor fuels, heat extractants, neutron reflectors, reactor construction materials, controls, and radiation shields which must have unique nuclear properties in addition to conventional engineering properties. This paper presents nuclear automotive propulsion devices in terms of technologies now available. The necessary radiation-shielding mass and weight requirements are presented for an ideal point-source nuclear-heat-power engine.
Technical Paper

HUMAN FACTORS OF CRASH PROTECTION IN AUTOMOBILES

1957-01-01
570040
THE problem of crash protection for ground-vehicle occupants relates not only to the general public but involves the Armed Forces inasmuch as there is a tremendous loss of man power to the defense effort from motor vehicle accident injuries. Evidence for the need of safety devices in ground vehicles in order to improve their crash-protection characteristics is recommended. Specifications for lap belts and lap belt installations are described, and the use of these belts in priority vehicles to evaluate their effectiveness is recommended. The three fundamental harness configurations are briefly discussed.
Technical Paper

DYNAMIC TESTING OF SEAT BELTS

1957-01-01
570045
TESTS simulating actual dynamic loading that a seat belt might receive during a crash of a motor vehicle are discussed in this paper. Design criterion was set as 20-g deceleration uniformly applied for 50 millisec. Development and design of the test sled, body block, frame, quick-release mechanism, and in particular the oil buffer are discussed. According to the author this dynamic test machine is the most valid test for predicting failure of seat belts.
Technical Paper

Increased seat belt-shoulder harness usage by a starter interlock system

1971-10-20
1971-12-0014
The seat belt-shoulder harness restraint system is recognized as the most efficient, economical, available means of saving lives and reducing injuries in automobile accidents. A recent survey indicates that in accidents involving speeds up to 60 mph not a single motorist who was wearing seat belt-shoulder harnesses were killed. A recent report issued by a major auto-maker states that the seat belts-shoulder system is more effective from both a cost and life-saving point of view than the air bag or other presently proposed passive restraint systems. Despite the over-whelming evidenence and a concentrated public education program only about one-third of the American motoring public avails themselves of the protection of lap belts and less than 5% use shoulder harnesses.
Technical Paper

Infant and child anthropometry

1974-09-17
1974-13-0013
Although over 800 references to child and infant anthropometry are in the literature, most have limited validity and application to current populations. Functional measures required by industry and government for federal safety standards for design of dummies, child products, furniture, or protective devices such as restraint systems have either been incomplete, inadequate, or nonexistent. Some of the limitations influencing validity of existing data have been outlined for the potential user. As a start toward obtaining necessary functional anthropometric data, The University of Michigan is currently conducting a study sponsored by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission to obtain valid nationwide measurements on a representative U.S. population from birth to age 12 years. In this study some 41 measurements, including many functional measures, as well as seated and supine whole-body centers of gravity, are being taken utilizing a new automated anthropometric minicomputer system.
Collection

Safety Test Methodology and Structural Crashworthiness and Occupant Safety, 2010

2010-06-01
The 16 papers in this technical paper colection present advancement of auto safety-related technologies that deal with roof crush testing, pedestrian safety, front, side and rear impact, simulation of interior head impact, FE study of factors on risk of KTH injuries in frontal impact, CAE methods and testing, and field modeling and assessment techniques.
Collection

Safety Test Methodology and Structural Crashworthiness and Occupant Safety, 2011

2011-04-12
The 13 papers in this technical paper collection look at occupant protection in terms of structural crashworthiness and safety test methodology. Topics covered include: crash energy in vehicle-to-vehicle (VTV) impacts; plastic beams for automobile low-speed rear impact; evaluation of dynamic roof deformation in rollover crash tests; vehicle integrated non-intrusive monitoring of driver biological signals; and more.
Collection

Occupant Protection: Pedestrian and Cyclist Safety, 2015

2015-04-14
The pedestrian and cyclist safety session focuses on research and development efforts aimed at protecting pedestrians and cyclists in the event of vehicle impact. Papers covern injury biomechanics, vehicle design, dummy and impactor development, computational modeling, regulations and consumer assessment testing, active safety and collision avoidance.
Collection

Occupant Protection: Occupant Restraints (Air Bags, Seat Belts, Knee Bolsters, Child Seats, etc.), 2015

2015-04-14
The Occupant Restraints technical paper collection highlights papers that document new research on the restraint topics of airbags, seat belts, inflatable bolsters/seat belts, knee bolsters, Child Restraint Systems (CRS) and other related areas. These papers could include several of the following: technology description, occupant performance considerations, field data studies, development/validation methodology / results, CAE/Finite Element methods/results, packaging, and implementation / performance challenges.
Collection

Structural Crashworthiness and Occupant Safety, 2013

2013-04-09
The 8 papers in this technical paper collection cover: severe frontal collisions with partial overlap - two decades of car safety development; idealized vehicle crash test pulses for advanced batteries; selection of optimal design parameters to achieve improved occupant performance in frontal impacts; and much more.
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