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Standard

Fatigue LIfe Procedure for Wet Friction Materials

2011-04-05
WIP
J2968
This specification would cover standards for performing wet friction material fatigue life determination. It would include recommendations on equipment, sample preparation, and results reporting
Video

Technical Breakthroughs in Development of a Single Motor Full Hybrid System

2011-11-18
Nissan has released our original HEV system in Japan on November 2010, and will release it in US market on March 2011. The 1 motor 2 clutch parallel type using conventional 7 speed automatic transmission has been employed without torque converter and with a manganese cathode and laminated type Li-ion Battery. This system is well recognized its higher efficiency but lower weight and cost, however, has never realized due to technical difficulties of smoothness. At this session, performance achievements and hinged breakthrough technologies will be presented. Presenter Tetsuya Takahashi, Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
Video

Using the Beer-Lambert Law and Kubelka-Munk Theory to Model Percent Transmittance of Multilayer Composite Coatings

2012-05-23
Transmission of light through automotive topcoat and primer layers can lead to degradation of the underlying electrocoat layer and to topcoat delamination. In order to protect against this, it is critical that transmission of both ultraviolet wavelengths and certain visible wavelengths be effectively blocked by the topcoat and primer layers. The clearcoat, basecoat and primer each have their own role and combine to protect against light transmission. The transmittance of these combined layers is typically measured by the Integrating Sphere UV-Visible Spectrophotometer. It would both simplify measurement of the topcoat systems and allow better system modeling if these layers could be measured separately and combined mathematically. We demonstrate here that absorbing and reflecting pigments can be effectively modeled using the Beer-Lambert law while results for scattering pigments are consistent with the Kubelka-Munk theory.
Video

Enabling New Optical Fiber Applications in Avionics Networks

2012-03-21
Optical fiber has begun replacing copper in avionic networks. So far, however, it has been mainly restricted to non-critical applications (video transmission to the flight deck, IFE?). In order to take advantage of the high-bandwidth, low weight, no EMI properties of optical fibers in all data transmission networks, it will be necessary to improve the testing. One part of the puzzle, which is still missing, is the self-test button: the possibility to check the network and detect potential failures before they occur. The typical testing tool of a technician involved in optical fiber cables is the ?light source ? optical power meter? pair. With this tool, one can measure the insertion loss of the fiber link. A second important parameter, the return loss at each optical connector, is not analysed. In addition, this is only a global measurement, which does not allow the detection of possible weak points.
Video

Transmissions in Aircraft on Unique Path wires: An Aeronautic European Research Project

2012-03-21
TAUPE is a collaborative research project co-funded by the European Commission in the framework of the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7). It addresses the aeronautic sector and is composed of 17 partners from 6 European countries. The project lasts 3,5 years (September 2008 ? February 2012), is led by Safran Engineering Services (Labinal, SAFRAN Group) and has a budget of 5.5M?. The project aims to simplify the electrical architecture of aircraft and to reduce the length and mass of cabling by introducing PLC (PowerLine Communication) or PoD (Power over Data) technologies inside the aircraft. Both technologies essentially aim to supply power and data over the same cable.
Video

Hybrid Cost Assessment Plus AMT/Hybrid Concept

2012-03-27
The automotive industry continues to develop new powertrain technologies aimed at reducing overall vehicle level fuel consumption. This paper discusses the development of a new highly efficient parallel hybrid transmission for use in transversely installed powertrains for FWD applications. FEV is developing a new 7-speed hybrid transmission for transverse installation. The transmission with a design torque of 320 Nm is based on AMT (automated manual transmission) technology and uses a single electric motor. The innovative gearset layout combines the advantages of modern AMTs such as best efficiency, low costs and few components (reduced part count) with full hybrid capabilities and electric torque support during all gear shifts. Furthermore, the gear set layout allows for very short shift-times due to the favorable distribution of inertias. Other features include an A/C compressor being electrically driven by the electric motor of the transmission during engine start/stop phases.
Video

ICE Evolution and Hybridization

2012-03-27
In Oct. 2011, Nissan announced its new six-year environmental plan, Nissan Green Program 2016 (NGP 2016), that includes initiatives to lead fuel efficiency: 35% fuel economy improvement compared with 2005 on a corporate average for all Nissan vehicles sold in Japan, China, Europe and the United States. To achieve this target, we`re planning to launch products delivering class-leading fuel efficiency such as an all-new FWD hybrid model, Introducing a next-generation continuously variable transmission (CVT). In this session, Nissan`s apploach for fuel erfficiency is presented with internal-conbustion powered technology evolution and hybridization, referring to new FWD hybrid system. Presenter Taiichi Onoyama, Nissan Motor Company, Ltd.
SAE MOBILUS Subscription

Transmissions and Drivelines

2010-10-01
The Transmissions and Drivelines subscription provides unlimited access to SAE Technical Papers covering ten years of global applied research, development and applications on transmissions and drivelines. The information in this resource will help you address demands to produce quiet, durable systems that run smoothly and are highly efficient. The more than 500 papers in this resource cover: Valve Bodies Torque Converters Clutches Gears Modeling and Simulation System-level Architecture
Standard

Definition and Measurement of Power Transfer Unit Speed-Dependent Parasitic Loss

2013-03-25
WIP
J3039
This SAE Recommended Practice covers power transfer units (PTUs) used in passenger car and light truck applications. PTUs may be of the chain, geared, single- or multi-axis type and may incorporate a disconnect system that is manually or electronically shifted, although other configurations are possible. The operating points (speeds, temperatures, etc.) were chosen to mirror those of the United States Environmental Protection Agency Vehicle Chassis Dynamometer Driving Schedules (DDS).
Training / Education

Performance and Use of Polymer Plan Bearings in Transmission Design Web Seminar RePlay

Anytime
As part of a broad transmission design philosophy, the understanding and application of tribological systems is critical. The number of interacting surfaces within a modern automotive transmission continues to increase, while the demands on the system continue to press the limits of traditional technologies. The understanding of each surface interaction within the greater system becomes increasingly important as each component is asked to do more to benefit the overall system. This short course will present the tribological performance of polymeric plain bearings as related to transmission applications.
White Paper

Rethinking the Way We Move Beyond COVID-19

2020-06-11
WP-0012
As the world grapples to combat the spread of COVID-19, our city streets have nearly emptied. Unprecedented community mitigation interventions have been applied in efforts to “flatten the curve” and slow the transmission of the virus. Social distancing measures have dramatically altered our daily behavior; notably, in the ways we do or do not move. This report seeks to identify emerging trends in urban mobility and road safety in respect to COVID-19. This is followed by a discussion of how we could shape our mobility future as communities begin to reopen.
Book

Electronic Transmission Controls

2000-06-10
The evolution of the automotive transmission has changed rapidly in the last decade, partly due to the advantages of highly sophisticated electronic controls. This evolution has resulted in modern automatic transmissions that offer more control, stability, and convenience to the driver. Electronic Transmission Controls contains 68 technical papers from SAE and other international organizations written since 1995 on this rapidly growing area of automotive electronics. This book breaks down the topic into two sections. The section on Stepped Transmissions covers recent developments in regular and 4-wheel drive transmissions from major auto manufacturers including DaimlerChrysler, General Motors, Toyota, Honda, and Ford. Technology covered in this section includes: smooth shift control; automatic transmission efficiency; mechatronic systems; fuel saving technologies; shift control using information from vehicle navigation systems; and fuzzy logic control.
Technical Paper

Automobile Practice in Europe

1928-01-01
280037
EUROPEAN trends in some of the major features of engine, chassis and body design and in several items of equipment are reviewed in this paper; which is based on the observation and analysis of the British engineer editor who is its author, and of the staff of The Motor, of London, during the last five years. Although American automotive engineers who follow European practice are acquainted with most of the designs here shown and described briefly, this paper is of interest and value as showing the present principal lines along which development is taking place abroad. Popular chassis types are divided into three classes: (a) the “baby” four-cylinder car of 7 to 9 hp., Royal Automobile Club rating; (b) the “family-type” four-cylinder car of 12 to 14-hp. rating; and (c) the light six-cylinder car of 15 to 20-hp. rating. Typical acceleration curves for well-known cars in each of these classes are given, as well as cylinder dimensions, volumetric capacity, car weight and price.
Technical Paper

The deLavaud Automatic Transmission

1928-01-01
280038
MENTIONING the various attempts that have been made to secure continuous progressive changes of gear in the automobile, the author states that nothing of this sort is of value unless it is automatic. He has designed a transmission consisting of a wabble-plate which actuates six connecting-rods that operate as many roller clutches on the rear axle. Changes in speed result from varying the inclination of the wabble-plate, and this is controlled automatically through the combined effects of inertia and the reaction of resistance. This transmission has been applied to a number of cars of different weights, some of which have seen much service. The action of the various elements of the transmission is analyzed with the aid of drawings, diagrams and formulas, and the proportions that have been found most successful are stated. This transmission is combined with a gearless differential and a planetary reverse-gear.
Technical Paper

Ground Gears and Transmission Design

1928-01-01
280061
GROUND teeth for transmission gears are advocated because they can be made to the same degree of accuracy as the other fine working-parts of a motor-car. The designing engineer is held responsible for conditions unfavorable to the adoption of gear grinding by the production department. Mr. Orcutt believes that cluster gears should be avoided because it is impossible to finish them accurately. Fundamental principles of rigid shafts and correct bearing arrangements are laid down, and the degree of accuracy is specified for the fitting parts. Transmission-case design still needs development and study to avoid resonance. Designs are recommended that will provide ample center distance to avoid pinions with a small number of teeth. The unmodified involute is recommended as the most satisfactory form of tooth. Spigot bearings receive special consideration. Two designs of transmission are submitted, in one of which the spigot bearing is eliminated.
Technical Paper

Quieter Gears Are Being Demanded! How Shall We Make Them?

1933-01-01
330019
LIMITATIONS of present processes for cutting and finishing transmission gears are covered in a general way by Mr. Cederleaf. He shows also that future demands for more quiet transmissions can be met only by an equal improvement in gear-cutting-and-finishing equipment; or by the development of new processes; or by the realization, on the part of engineers, that the most economical method of obtaining better results is, by redesign, to eliminate from the transmission the necessity for greater dimensional accuracy.
Technical Paper

Future Clutch Progress Charted from Design A-B-C's

1933-01-01
330011
FIRST consideration is given by the author to basic improvements in clutches of the lever-release single-plate and to those of the two-plate types. He emphasizes that the severity of clutch service has increased very materially in the last few years and that the increased clutch duty of today is further augmented by the car manufacturer in providing cars having greater acceleration and higher torque, particularly at the higher speeds and usually without a proportionate increase in clutch size. Developments along logical lines which have resulted in improvements in design are cited as being (a) the design of the driven disc and the selection of facings, to produce improved engagement and greater life; (b) design of the cover-plate assembly to permit higher spring pressure with less retracting movement of the pressure plate; and better selection of facing and pressure-plate materials to reduce facing wear and pressure-plate distortion or scoring.
Technical Paper

Recent Progress Rapid in Design of Automatic Transmissions

1933-01-01
330010
THE TERM “automatic transmission” is defined as meaning an automatically shifting sliding-gear or sliding-dog-clutch transmission with certain fixed gear-trains, or any type of mechanism which will produce automatically an infinite number of ratios between engine speeds and driving-wheel speeds. Various types of drive are considered, as well as typical automatic gearshifts, emphasis being given to the operation of the Tyler transmission clutch and to the Mono-Drive transmission. Other subjects are the reactions of operators to automatic gearshifting and the future of automatic transmission. The desirable features of an automatic transmission are stated as being reliability; quiet operation; reasonable cost, weight, simplicity and efficiency; and correct functioning, which means that it must do the right thing at the right time.
Technical Paper

SOME COST-SAVING METHODS IN MOTORCOACH UPKEEP

1933-01-01
330038
A brief description of the work required of the motorcoaches maintained by his company is given by the author, who states that the constant and ultimate aim of the department head who handles repairs and replacements is to keep down the cost per mile of operation. In compiling statistics of this cost, all charges against maintenance are divided into 30 distinct classes. As statements are made up, each item of the 30 classes can be compared directly with previous statements and a finger put directly on those items showing undue rise and serving to keep the total-cost-per-mile figure high. The author then describes certain special maintenance shortcuts and methods peculiar to the company's system which are followed in the three main service shops and greatly aid in retarding any advance in costs.
Technical Paper

HOW VERSATILE ENGINEERING MEETS PUBLIC DEMAND

1933-01-01
330032
Irritated by statements of some alleged economists to the effect that, except for changes in the appearance of motor-cars, the automobile industry has stood still for the last five years, the author of this paper, who is affectionately regarded as the dean of automobile engineering in this Country, spoke at meetings of the Philadelphia and Metropolitan Sections of the Society on the many car and engine improvements made in recent years. Mr. Crane's remarks, as reported stenographically and embodied in this paper, deal chiefly with engines. He points out that extensive highway improvement and the consequent public demand for higher car speed have forced engineers to design more powerful and more versatile engines without increasing the weight. High-speed engines were of necessity the answer, and these brought the problem of eliminating roughness of operation and preventing transmission of vibration to the chassis.
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