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Vehicle Aerodynamics, 2011

2011-04-12
The 28 papers in this technical paper collection cover the aerodynamics development of vehicles or vehicle subsystems. Many papers discuss the utilization of both experimental and computational tools during the development phase.
Collection

Vehicle Aerodynamics, 2012

2012-04-13
The 32 papers in this technical paper collection discuss vehicle aerodynamics. Topics covered include vehicle cooling-drag, aerodynamic effects of different tire models, development of the Tesla Model S, experimental test facilities and adjustments, CFD validation and application, heavy truck aerodynamics, and more. The 32 papers in this technical paper collection discuss vehicle aerodynamics. Topics covered include vehicle cooling-drag, aerodynamic effects of different tire models, development of the Tesla Model S, experimental test facilities and adjustments, CFD validation and application, heavy truck aerodynamics, and more.
Collection

Vehicle Aerodynamics, 2014

2014-04-01
This technical paper collection covers vehicle aerodynamic development, drag reduction and fuel economy, handling and stability, cooling flows, surface soiling and water management, vehicle internal environment, tyre aerodynamics and modelling, aeroacoustics, structural response to aerodynamic loading, simulating the on-road environment, onset flow turbulence, unsteady aerodynamics, fundamental flow structures, new test methods and facilities, new applications of computational fluid dynamics simulation, competition vehicle aerodynamics.
Collection

Vehicle Aerodynamics, 2017

2017-03-28
Vehicle aerodynamic development, drag reduction and fuel economy, handling and stability, cooling flows, surface soiling and water management, vehicle internal environment, tyre aerodynamics and modelling, aeroacoustics, structural response to aerodynamic loading, simulating the on-road environment, onset flow turbulence, unsteady aerodynamics, fundamental flow structures, new test methods and facilities, new applications of computational fluid dynamics simulation, competition vehicle aerodynamics.
Video

The New Audi A6/A7 Family - Aerodynamic Development of Different Body Types on One Platform

2011-11-17
The presentation describes the aerodynamic development and optimization process of the three different new models of the Audi A6/A7 family. The body types of these three models represent the three classic aerodynamic body types squareback, notchback and fastback. A short introduction of the flow structures of these different body types is given and their effect on the vehicle aerodynamic is described. In order to achieve good aerodynamic performance, the integration into the development process of the knowledge about these flow phenomena and the breakdown of the aerodynamic resistance into its components friction- and pressure drag as well as the induced drag is very important. The presentation illustrates how this is realized within the aerodynamic development process at Audi. It describes how the results of CFD simulations are combined with wind tunnel measurements and how the information about the different flow phenomena were used to achieve an aerodynamic improvement.
Video

Ice Phobic Coatings for Control and Covered Surfaces

2012-03-14
Silicones have been utilized in multiple industries in the last 50 years and their applications are still expanding as technology grows. Ice phobic coatings, as an example, have been utilized on lock walls, navigation channels, wind turbines, hydropower intakes, and aircraft. Without protection these applications have a high risk of failure in the functions they perform. For example, ice build up on an aircraft?s aerodynamic surfaces increases drag which reduces lift during flight operations. Utilizing a silicone ice phobic coating significantly reduces the adhesion of ice to aerodynamic surfaces. Compared to other polymeric materials, silicones are known for their broad operating temperature range and lend themselves to excellent performance in a variety of harsh environments. Especially in low temperatures where ice adhesion is a concern, silicones retain their elastomeric physical properties and low modulus.
Video

Development of Scratch Resistant Clear Coat for Automotive

2012-05-23
Scratch resistance is one of the most important customer requirements for automotive painting. Scratches occur as a result of a load being imposed on a paint film, which then destroys or deforms it. In order to improve the scratch resistance properties of clear coat, a specially developed molecular that act to accelerate closslinking reaction was added to the clear coat main resin. This developed molecular facilitates closslinking between multiple molecules and creates an unprecedentedly fine molecular structure. The result is a soft, highly elastic, and durable clear coat with improved resistance to light and acid as well as enhanced deformation recovery properties. It requires no special maintenance, prevents luster degradation caused by surface scratches and helps to prolong new-car color and gloss. Developmental Clear Coat is introduced into the flagship of the Lexus range - the LS as Self-restoring Coat in 2009. Presenter Junya Ogawa, Developmental Center
Video

Eco+ Solutions in High Performance Plastics from DSM for Automotive.

2012-05-22
DSM will present various application solutions in High Performance Plastics enabling to significant weight or friction reduction and thus to reduced fuel consumption and/or emission levels, and on top of that to lower system costs. Typical Eco+ Solutions Examples to be presented are: - Friction Reduction: Nylon 46 in chain tensioners yielding up to 1 % fuel reduction - Weight Reduction (metal-to-plastic conversion): Nylon 46 with long term temperature resistance upto 230 C in turbo components, Nylon 6 in oil pans/sumps, PET in plastic precision parts, Nylon 46 in gears, many other examples - Electrification: Nylon 46 in start/stop and e-motor components, TPC in HV cables - System Cost optimization: High Flow PA6 in various components, TPC in Brake Tubes - Improved LCA: biobased materials as PA410 and TPC-Eco Typical Application Solutions concern: air induction systems, engine and transmission components, electrical systems, structural&safety parts.
Video

5000 Hours Aging of THERBAN® (HNBR) Elastomers in an Aggressive Biodiesel Blend

2012-05-23
TERBAN® hydrogenated nitrile rubber (HNBR) is a specialty elastomer used in demanding engineering applications such as the automotive, heavy duty, and industrial markets. It has excellent combination of heat, oil and abrasion resistance in addition to its high mechanical strength, very good dynamic and sealing properties. This paper will present data on aging HNBR for five thousand hours in an aggressive and un-stabilized B30A biodiesel fuel blend (70% ULSD, 30% SME, and an aggressive additive package) and explore the effect of HNBR polymer properties and vulcanizate composition on the performance in such fuel blends. Presenter Victor Nasreddine
Standard

Snowcompressor

2017-07-28
WIP
ARP8000
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) document covers the requirements for a Snowcompressor with carrier vehicle used to clear snow from airport operational areas by compressing the volume of collected snow into smaller volumes for loading into a hauling/dump truck or for depositing reduced-volume windrows for snow banking. The term carrier vehicle represents the various self-propelled prime movers that provide the power necessary to move snow and ice control equipment during winter operations. For two-stage rotary plows that primarily are used to cast heavy concentrations of snow away from airport operational areas such as runways and taxiways, see ARP5539.
Standard

Glycol Recovery Vehicle (GRV) – Self-Propelled

2017-06-12
WIP
ARP6954
This SAE Aerospace Resource Document (ARD) document covers the requirements for a self-propelled GRV, intended for use at airports to collect spent aircraft de-icing fluid (ADF) from the surface of de-icing areas. This unit will recover de-icing fluid from the surface, which will be stored in a containment unit on the vehicle. The GRV must be capable of night and day operations in all weather conditions, as required.
Standard

Ice Melting Test Method for Runway Deicing Product

2020-05-01
WIP
AS6170
This test method provides stakeholders (runway deicing product manufacturers, users, regulators, and airport authorities) with relative ice melting capacity of runway deicing products, by measuring the amount of ice melted as a function of time. Such runway deicing products are often also used on taxiways and other paved areas.
Standard

Ice Undercutting Test Method for Runway Deicing Product

2020-05-01
WIP
AS6172
This test method provides stakeholders (runway deicing product manufacturers, users, regulators and airport authorities) with relative ice undercutting capacity of runway deicing products, by measuring the area of ice undercut pattern as a function of time. Such runway deicing products are often also used on taxiways and other paved areas.
Standard

Ice Penetration Test Method for Runway Deicing Product

2020-05-01
WIP
AS6211
This test method provides stakeholders (runway deicing product manufacturers, users, regulators, and airport authorities) with a relative ice penetration capacity of runway deicing products, by measuring the ice penetration as a function of time. Such runway deicing products are often also used on taxiways and other paved areas.
Book

Aerodynamic Flow Visualization Techniques and Procedures

1986-02-01
Flow visualization is an important factor in the aerodynamic development of passenger cars and ground vehicles. This report offers an overview of techniques used to examine complex flow fields, concentrating on techniques used in automotive wind tunnels. Includes numerous full-color photographs showing various flow fields. The following flow visualization techniques are discussed in this report: Surface Flow Description Using Yarn Tufts Surface Flow Description Using a Continuous Oil Film Flow Field Description Using Smoke Streamers Flow Field Description Using Helium Bubbles Streamer Flow Field Description Using a Continuous Motion Survey - Computer Generated Graphics And Many More
Technical Paper

Monoplane or Biplane

1928-01-01
280027
AFTER pointing out that the rivalry between the monoplane and the biplane is of long standing, and that each must therefore have some advantages, the author proceeds to the consideration of the question at issue by comparing structural efficiency, aerodynamic characteristics, performance, and certain other features. In structural efficiency the biplane is considered superior both in strength-weight ratio and in rigidity, but the monoplane has the advantage of being better adapted to metal construction. In aerodynamic characteristics the monoplane has the advantage on the basis of wings of the same area and profile, but the lower lift-drag ratio and greater unit weight of the monoplane wing tend to reduce its superiority. World's records in performance are divided between the two types, and in speed the recent Schneider Cup races show the monoplane and the biplane to be about equal.
Technical Paper

Automobile Induction-Systems and Air-Cleaners

1928-01-01
280051
AFTER indicating the trend of requirements in induction systems, the author discusses air-cleaners, carbureters and inlet manifolds. Particular attention is paid to improvements in centrifugal air-cleaners, that result in only slight pressure loss and in high cleaning efficiency. These improvements have been made by changing the body outline; by the addition of a diffuser, to make the resistance as small as possible; and by proportioning the vanes, as to angle and number, to increase the cleaning efficiency with only slight loss in pressure. Carbureters are considered briefly, only because of their interrelation with air-cleaners and manifolds. Inlet manifolding for four, six, and eight-cylinder-inline engines is studied, with variations in port arrangement. Recommendations are made as to the cross-sectional areas and form to secure best distribution of the mixture and adequate vaporization.
Technical Paper

A New Electrical Engine-Indicator

1928-01-01
280050
AFTER enumerating the fundamental qualities that make an engine indicator successful, the authors classify existing indicators and discuss a few of the more successful ones. Then is introduced the new electrical indicator, which makes its record from variation between the resistances of two carbon-piles which form the branches of a Wheatstone bridge. The pressure element is a thin diaphragm flush with the inner walls of the combustion-chamber. This is connected by an invar rod to a cantilever spring, the displacement of which reduces the resistance in one carbon-pile and increases the resistance in the other. The diagram is recorded by either an ordinary oscillograph or a portable cathode-ray oscillograph. Diagrams taken with this indicator are presented to illustrate its performance under varied conditions. A natural frequency of more than 3000 cycles per second makes possible the faithful recording of phenomena having frequencies as high as 800 cycles per second.
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