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Technical Paper

Experimental Acoustic Analysis of a Motorcycle Dissipative Muffler in Presence of Mean Flow

2016-11-08
2016-32-0039
In recent years, the motorcycle muffler design is moving to dissipative silencer architectures. Due to the increased of restrictions on noise emissions, both dissipative and coupled reactive-dissipative mufflers have substituted the most widely used reactive silencers. This led to higher noise efficiency of the muffler and size reduction. A dissipative muffler is composed by a perforated pipe that crosses a cavity volume filled by a fibrous porous material. The acoustic performance of this kind of muffler are strictly dependent on the porosity of the perforated pipe and the flow resistivity characteristic of the porous material. However, while the acoustic performance of a reactive muffler is almost independent from the presence of a mean flow for typical Mach numbers of exhaust gases, in a dissipative muffler the acoustic behaviour is strictly linked to the mass flow rate intensity.
Technical Paper

Improving Fuel Economy of Thermostatic Control for a Series Plugin-Hybrid Electric Vehicle Using Driver Prediction

2016-04-05
2016-01-1248
This study investigates using driver prediction to anticipate energy usage over a 160-meter look-ahead distance for a series, plug-in, hybrid-electric vehicle to improve conventional thermostatic powertrain control. Driver prediction algorithms utilize a hidden Markov model to predict route and a regression tree to predict speed over the route. Anticipated energy consumption is calculated by integrating force vectors over the look-ahead distance using the predicted incline slope and vehicle speed. Thermostatic powertrain control is improved by supplementing energy produced by the series generator with regenerative braking during events where anticipated energy consumption is negative, typically associated with declines or decelerations.
Magazine

Aerospace & Defense Technology: February 2022

2022-02-01
What system Designers Should Know About MOSA Standards Microtube Technology A Catalyst for Next-Gen Aerospace Thermal Control Space Industry Test Challenges Advancing Metrology at Mach Speed Drone Mounted Inspection Breaks Barriers for F-35 RF Technology Helps Connect Avionics Systems Using Open-Cavity Plastic Packages in Avionics Applications Electronic Prognostics - A Case Study Using Global Positioning System (GPS) Prognostic health management (PHM) of electronic systems presents challenges traditionally viewed as either insurmountable or not worth the cost of pursuit, but recent changes in weapons platform acquisition and support requirements has spurred renewed interest in electronics PHM, revealing possible applications, accessible data sources, and previously unexplored predictive techniques.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: January 2022

2022-01-01
Editorial Safety, standards crucial to AVs' advance The Navigator Imaging radar is the next big thing Cabins Reimagined Automated driving technologies, electrification, and shifting customer priorities are inspiring the transformation of vehicle cockpit design and materials. Prepping Cities for Vehicle Autonomy Deployment of new V2I technology and upgrades to existing roadway infrastructure can assist AVs and improve safety for all road users. Keeping Pace with In-Vehicle Data Speed Higher speed and bandwidth for in-vehicle networks, switches, and connections that carry data demand new development and testing solutions. Experts from Keysight Technologies explain. Honda Puts AVs to Work With the second generation of its Autonomous Work Vehicle, Honda advances the concept of automated vehicles as jobsite helpers.
Magazine

Automotive Engineering: April 2022

2022-04-01
Airing on the side of innovation Lucid Motors' home-grown innovations are leading the pace in electrification. Top engineers tell how and why they're building a benchmark with the new Air EV. Keeping combustion in the conversation The world needs ICEs to stick around - here's how. Engineering a 'Maverick' hybrid transmission Ford Powertrain engineers marry their new in-house electric machine with the proven HF45 transmission - under aggressive vehicle program timing. Driving electrified powertrain systems design Drive System Design punches beyond its weight class in meeting customer needs for electrified powertrain systems engineering services. DSD's North American chief Jon Brentnall explains.
Magazine

AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE ENGINEERING

2022-04-07
Editorial Safety sells, they say. Should it sell driving automation? The Navigator Vehicle connectivity moves to the next generation Lockered and Loaded With its innovative Transporter, AV startup Udelv rethinks the entire concept of parcel delivery. Navigating Deep Learning to Improve ADAS How edge computing drives real-time decision making in AI for smarter, safer automated vehicles. Ensuring No Child Left Inside Up-armed with new key technologies, Gentex is making 'holistic' driver and cabin monitoring a core-brand hallmark. Precision Tech the 'Backbone' to CNH's Digital Strategy The ag and construction equipment OEM bolsters its tech stack to accelerate development of precision and autonomous solutions. AV Powers Bring May Flowers Michigan-based May Mobility survived rocky roads thanks to faith in its founders' vision and the company's autonomous tech. The Short-flight Alternative The Budget Airline Car is an EV alt-shuttle seating six adults, with luggage storage in each door.
Magazine

SAE Truck & Off-Highway Engineering: April 2022

2022-04-01
Predicting mobility in military operational scenarios U.S. Army leads a seven-year, multinational effort to develop new off-road vehicle mobility analysis methodology. Hitting the gas on hydrogen tech OEMs and global suppliers still are betting big on hydrogen propulsion as a solution for decarbonizing the heavy-duty trucking industry. BEV truck manufacturers charge ahead Several companies announced new product offerings and prototypes of BEVs at the NTEA Work Truck Week in Indianapolis. Editorial Maintaining EV chargers yet another challenge Precision tech the 'backbone' to CNH's digital strategy Purdue prototypes new EV fast-charge cable 3DEO unveils metal 3D-printing platform for mass production Paccar launches new 18-speed automated transmissions Lightning's eChassis targets commercial EVs Quantron launches 12-m battery-electric bus; fuel-cell variant to follow Q&A Chemours' Christina Spalding shares insights on the commercial-vehicle industry's shift to R-1234yf HVAC refrigerant.
Magazine

SAE Truck & Off-Highway Engineering: February 2022

2022-02-03
Hydrogen generates buzz in power generation Companies target stationary power applications to prove their hydrogen technology and to build scale until infrastructure expands for mobility. 'Mixed' approach to e-truck manufacturing Volvo Group CTO details the OEM's "mixed model assembly" strategy for battery and fuel-cell electric vehicles and provides insights on infrastructure and the transition to autonomous. Innovation at the intersection of disciplines Caterpillar alum Sri Srinath, Ph.D., focuses on more collaboration and mentoring in his new role as 2022 SAE International president.
Magazine

Aerospace & Defense Technology: February 2020

2020-01-30
Rad-Hard Microelectronics for Space Applications Outsourcing Plasma Treatments for Surface Modification Adding Context to Full-Motion Video for Improved Surveillance and Situational Awareness Implementing an Aerospace Factory of the Future 90° Hybrid Coupled Power Amplifier - Pros and Cons A New Network Design for the "Internet from Space" Future Advances in Electronic Materials and Processes - Flexible Hybrid Electronics Despite progress being made, there are still significant obstacles to the manufacture and use of flexi-ble hybrid electronics in military applications. Heterogeneous Integration Technology Integrating different types of devices and materials could increase their functional density, improving the performance of electro-optic systems for sensor applications. The Impact of Cyber Cameras on the Intelligence Community The ability to covertly access and manipulate cyber cameras could provide valuable strategic data for the US intelligence community.
Magazine

Aerospace & Defense Technology: April 2021

2021-04-01
Developing a 6DoF Aircraft Munitions Optical Tracking System Plasma Nitride Surface Hardening of Titanium for Aerospace and Armament Applications The Future of Aircraft Electrification Shielding Aerospace Systems from Electromagnetic Interference Improving Transmit/Receive Module Test Accuracy and Throughput Army Detects Broadest Frequencies Ever with Quantum Receiver A Comparative Evaluation of the Detection and Tracking Capability Between Novel Event-Based and Conventional Frame-Based Sensors This research establishes a fundamental understanding of the characteristics of event-based sensors and applies it to the development of a detection and tracking algorithm. Sensory Integration Balance Deficits in Complex mTBI: Can Early Initiation of Rehabilitation with Wearable Sensor Technology Improve Outcomes?
Magazine

Aerospace & Defense Technology: May 2021

2021-05-01
Powering Better Battlefield Drones Using Low-Frequency Broadband Sonar on UUVs Experimenting in Realistic Environments Gets NewTechnology to Warfighters Designing Rugged SWaP-Optimized MOSA Solutions for UUVs Does Your UAV Program Need a Transponder? Understanding the Requirements and Guidelines Developing New Anti-Drone Radar Technology Deceiving the Enemy: These Are the Drones You Are Looking For By developing UAVs for physical deception roles to shape an adversary's ability to visually observe and orient to situations, the US military can decrease risk to air and ground combatants during mission execution by causing adversaries to expend resources, delay their reactions, or react incorrectly to tactical situations.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: March 2021

2021-03-04
Editorial SPAC attack The Navigator Mapping the way to safe and natural automated driving Motorcycles Enter the ADAS Age The latest models from BMW, Ducati and KTM feature Bosch's new ACC setup, but further advancements will require navigating critical rider-control strategies. On the Way to SVA Aptiv says its Smart Vehicle Architecture central controller is the key to simpler, more compact and higher-performance ADAS and AV systems. New Insistence for Driver Assistance Panelists at SAE International's 2021 Government/Industry Meeting say assisted-driving technology is worthwhile - but effective driver monitoring is crucial. Flash! Lidar's Next Generation Arrives Technology solutions from new players and alliances are poised to drive down cost. Horiba MIRA's Vision for World-Class AV Testing A new autonomous vehicle development center called Assured CAV boasts a lengthy list of assets and capabilities.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: May 2021

2021-05-01
Editorial Making Safety Standard The Navigator Sensor Monoculture is a Terrible Idea 3D-printed Radar Rises Toward Production Lunewave's unique Luneburg-lens technology aims to simplify vehicle radar arrays - and deliver better ADAS and AV performance. Accelerating Automotive Radar NXP's new, fifth-generation chipsets unleash 16-nm FinFet technology to the ADAS and AV markets. Autonomy's Computing Backbone Cloud-computing networks are speeding AV development and preparing to manage tomorrow's data-reliant AV fleets. Get in Line Evolving truck-platooning techniques are paving unique paths to high-level commercial vehicle autonomy. Ford in 'No-hands' Land BlueCruise hands-free driver-assist is available later this year for the Mustang Mach-E and F-150 pickup. ADAS-equipped Trucks Save Bucks Bosch research finds one specific driver-assistance feature may reduce costs associated with property damage by up to 35% for Class 7 and 8 trucks.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: May 2020

2020-05-01
Editorial "Clean" is the new AV safety paradigm The Navigator Leaderboard Report tracks the AV industry leaders V2X to the Rescue for VRUs! For motorcyclists and other vulnerable road users, V2X communication is a vital safety asset for the AV future. Radar's Evolving Role in ADAS and the AV Future The automotive radar sensor market is growing at a 21% compound annual growth rate, putting greater demands on chip design, testing, and module deployment. Please Fence Me In Limiting operational domains to speed AV adoption. Roush Lands in AV Country An auto-industry icon for engineering, prototyping, testing and manufacturing services establishes its West Coast presence. Virus-killing Ozone Generator: Savior for Shared Vehicles? Tier-1 supplier Magna evaluates its proven Puro virus-killing technology for a potentially new role: sanitizing vehicle interiors.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: November 2020

2020-11-05
Editorial Fool Self-Driving The Navigator The end of vehicle ownership Sanitary Solutions for AVs Gentex engineers are bridging mobility and medical technologies to tackle vital public-health issues of vehicle cabin cleanliness. 'Software, Start Your Engines' The 2021 Indy Autonomous Challenge is a high-speed laboratory for advancing automated driving. Getting to the 'Core' of AV Thermal Management Data-gobbling processors require new cooling solutions - and the AV industry needs standards, says a veteran engineer. Autonomy Takes Off-highway Integrating automation systems in mining, agricultural and construction machines can increase safety and productivity in the field and bring significant economic benefits. Boaring in on Vehicle-to-Animal Road Safety Researchers are using micro-Doppler radar, neural nets and machine learning to protect drivers from the wild critters that enter the road.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: September 2020

2020-09-03
Editorial AV lidar enters a new reality The Navigator UNECE takes first step toward AV regulation Special Delivery - by 'Bot Michigan start-up Refraction AI aims to be the go-to for last-mile, semi-autonomous, all-weather delivery robots. Lidar Infiltrates ADAS Once considered a necessity only in fully autonomous vehicles, lidar sensors are now being evaluated for lower-level driver-assistance systems. Training Data-hungry AI Algorithms Large-scale data refinement is key to bringing more sophisticated automated-driving functions to series production. Simulation's Next Generation Do autonomous-vehicle developers have their simulation strategies all wrong? Some experts think so - but suggest there's a practical solution. Marelli's COVID-killing HVAC Insert With big implications for shared mobility, a new photocatalytic cabin-air purifier claims to kill viruses - including COVID-19. Is Ground-penetrating Radar Next for AV Sensing?
Magazine

SAE Truck & Off-Highway Engineering: December 2020

2020-12-03
Battery of issues surrounds large-vehicle electrification Converting heavy-duty vehicles to battery power will require advances in weight reduction and thermal management. Autonomy kicks up some dust Machines that move, haul and plow earth can capitalize on autonomous systems today via increased safety and productivity in the field and significant cost savings. Digitalizing to deliver actionable data Mobile hydraulics expert details key trends in controls and IoT connectivity to improve machine design and end-user operations.
Magazine

Aerospace & Defense Technology: October 2020

2020-10-01
The Role of Autonomous Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technologies in Defense Applications Information Warfare - Staying Protected at the Edge Designing Connectivity Solutions for an Electric Aircraft Future Redesigning the Systems Engineering Process to Speed Development of E-Propulsion Aircraft Four RF Technology Trends You Need to Know for Satellite Communication Device Design Manufacturer Reduces Risk and Improves Quality of Military Radar Receivers Instrumentation for Fabrication and Testing of High-Speed Single-Rotor and Compound-Rotor Systems Precision data acquisition is required to generate a comprehensive set of measurements of the blade surface pressures, pitch link loads, hub loads, rotor wakes and performance of high-speed single-rotor and compound-rotor systems to support the development of next-generation rotorcraft.
Magazine

Aerospace & Defense Technology: December 2020

2020-12-01
How Solid-State Technology Impacts A&D Equipment Testing The Role of Prototype/Test Systems in Next-Generation C5ISR Development Using Advanced Computational Engineering Software to Meet Aerospace & Defense Industry Challenges How Advanced Vacuum Bag Kits Streamline Composite Parts Manufacturing Replacing Multiple RF Receivers with Just One Using Channelization Air Force Technology Tracks "Sporadic E" Progress on Zirconia-Polyurea Matrix Hybrid Composites Incorporating zirconia particles into polyurea elastomers to form hybrid composites and designing them into state-of-the-art body armor has the potential to achieve lightweight ballistic efficiency. Bioenvironmental Engineering Guide for Composite Materials Developing a comprehensive baseline for identifying, evaluating, and controlling occupational and environmental hazards associated with composite fibers and materials for base-level Bioenvironmental Engineering (BE) personnel.
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