SAE Manual for Incorporating Pneumatic Springs in Vehicle Suspension Designs
The extensive and increasing use of pneumatic springs in automotive applications has made it appropriate that this manual be prepared to assist the engineer and the designer in understanding the basic principles and uses of pneumatic springs. This manual provides descriptions of the principles involved in pneumatic spring function along with details of the various configurations of pneumatic spring devices and the unique characteristics of each. Pneumatic spring types have been defined correlating with SAE J511 in the SAE (Oct. 1970) handbook regarding pneumatic spring terminology. Background information tracing the evolution of pneumatic springs has been included, as well as some specific examples of design calculations to serve as a guideline for the designer.