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Technical Paper

Simulations of large school bus safety restraints~NHTSA

This paper describes computer crash simulations performed by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) under the current research and testing activities on large school bus safety restraints. The simulations of a frontal rigid barrier test and comparative dynamic sled testing for compartmentalization, lap belt, and lap/shoulder belt restraint strategies are presented. School bus transportation is one of the safest forms of transportation in the United States. School age children transported in school buses are safer than children transported in motor vehicles of any other type. Large school buses provide protection because of their size and weight. Further, they must meet minimum Federal motor vehicle safety standards (FMVSSs) mandating compartmentalized seating, improved emergency exits, stronger roof structures and fuel systems, and better bus body joint strength.
Journal Article

Classifiers to Augment the CDC System to Distinguish the Role of Structure in a Frontal Impact Taxonomy

The purpose of the study was to distinguish the role of vehicle structure in frontal impacts in published coded National Automotive Sampling System (NASS-CDS) data. The criteria used: Collision Deformation Classification (CDC) coding rules, crush profile locator data and the projected location of longitudinal structural members in models of vehicle class sizes used by NASS-CDS. Two classifiers were developed to augment the CDC system. The Coincidence classifier indicates the relationship between the quadrant of the clock face the crash vector originates in and the aspect of the end plane the center of damage is located. It has three values: Linear (12 o'clock impacts) Consistent and Variant ("oblique" Principal Directions of Force or PDOFs). The second classifier indicates the number of longitudinal members engaged: 0, 1 or 2. NASS-CDS data for sample years 2005 to 2009 was filtered for occupants involved in impacts with the highest ranked speed change assigned to the front-end plane.