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Book

Metallic Materials Properties Development and Standardization (MMPDS) Handbook - 09

2014-04-01
The Metallic Materials Properties Development and Standardization (MMPDS) Handbook, is an accepted source for metallic material and fastener system allowables recognized by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), all departments and agencies of the Department of Defense (DoD), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), within the limitations of the certification requirements of the specific government agency. MMPDS-09 supersedes MMPDS-08and prior editions of the MMPDS as well as all editions of MIL-HDBK-5, Metallic Materials and Elements for Aerospace Vehicle Structures that was maintained by the U.S. Air Force. The last edition, MIL-HDBK-5J was cancelled by the U.S. Air Force in March of 2006.
Standard

LOGICAL SOFTWARE PART PACKAGING FOR TRANSPORT

2020-11-16
CURRENT
ARINC641-1
The purpose of this standard is to provide a method for packaging aircraft software parts for distribution using contemporary media or by electronic distribution. This project intends to standardize and provide guidance for the storage of floppy based software, currently packaged in media set parts. This standard format can be then stored or distributed on a single physical media member (CD-ROM), or by electronic crate. The obsolescence of floppy disks drive an urgent need for this guidance.
Standard

AIRCRAFT DATA INTERFACE FUNCTION (ADIF)

2020-07-21
CURRENT
ARINC834-8
This document defines an Aircraft Data Interface Function (ADIF) developed for aircraft installations that incorporate network components based on commercially available technologies. This document defines a set of protocols and services for the exchange of aircraft avionics data across aircraft networks. A common set of services that may be used to access specific avionics parameters are described. The ADIF may be implemented as a generic network service, or it may be implemented as a dedicated service within an ARINC 759 Aircraft Interface Devices (AID) such as those used with an Electronic Flight Bag (EFB). Supplement 8 includes improvements in the Aviation Data Broadcast Protocol (ADBP), adds support for the Media Independent Aircraft Messaging (MIAM) protocol, and contains data security enhancements. It also includes notification and deprecation of the Generic Aircraft Parameter Service (GAPS) protocol that will be deleted in a future supplement.
Standard

MEDIA INDEPENDENT SECURE OFFBOARD NETWORK

2020-06-19
CURRENT
ARINC848
ARINC Specification 848 is a functional standard based on a protocol specification profile for a secured network interface. The purpose is to define a common method of initiating a mutually authenticated tunnel between an aircraft service and its Enterprise service. ARINC Specification 848 defines a standard implementation for securing the communications between an onboard Local Area Network (LAN) and an Enterprise LAN on the ground. Various aircraft network architectures and various air to ground communication channels (aka media) are accommodated in this document. For example, L-band Satellite Communication (Satcom), Ku/Ka-band Satcom, Gatelink Cellular, and Gatelink are considered.
Video

Maturity Level and Variant Validation of Mechatronic Systems in Commercial Vehicles

2011-12-05
Driver assistance systems (e.g. the emergency brake assist Active Brake Assist2, or ABA2 for short, in the Mercedes-Benz Actros) are becoming increasingly common in heavy-duty commercial vehicles. Due to the close interconnection with drivetrain and suspension control systems, the integration and validation of the functions make the most exacting demands on processes and tools involved in mechatronics development. Presenter Thomas Bardelang, Daimler AG
Video

Fiber Optic Strain Sensor Standardization - International and European Activities

2012-03-16
With the increased demand for high volume, cost-effective, fiber-reinforced thermoplastic parts, the lack of high throughput systems has become more pronounced. Thermoforming as a method to generate complex shapes from a flat preform is dependable and fast. In order to use readily available, standard unidirectional impregnated thermoplastic tape in this process, a flat perform must be created prior to the thermoforming step. Formerly, creating the preform by hand layup was a time consuming and therefore costly, step. Fiberforge�?s patented RELAY� technology overcomes the challenges of handling thermoplastic prepreg tape and provides a solution through the automated creation of a flat preform, referred to as a Tailored Blank?. Producing a part for thermoforming with accurate ply orientation and scrap minimization is now as simple as loading a material spool followed by a pressing a start button. Presenter Christina McClard, Fiberforge
Collection

Active Safety and Advanced Drive Assistance Systems, 2013

2013-04-09
Active safety and advanced driver assistance systems help prevent accidents or mitigate accident severity. Some of these safety systems provide alerts to the driver in critical situations, while others respond to threats by automatically braking and steering the vehicle to avoid crashes. The 23 papers in this technical paper collection discuss the latest research in this area.
Collection

Active Safety and Advanced Driver Assistance Systems, 2014

2014-04-01
Active Safety & Advanced Driver Assistance Systems help prevent accidents or mitigate accident severity. Some of these safety systems provide alerts to the driver in critical situations, while others respond to threats by automatically braking and steering the vehicle to avoid crashes. This technical paper collection covers the latest technologies in active safety and driver assistance systems.
Collection

Autonomous Systems, 2017

2017-03-28
With a mandate in Europe for autonomous emergency braking systems, there is a development happening with radar and camera based systems to do collision mitigation. The challenges include robust object tracking, stationary object detection, reactions for false positives, etc. The developments and challenges in the collision mitigation technology are included in this collection.
Collection

Active Safety, Advanced Driver Assistance Systems, Integrated Safety Countermeasures and Their Safety Performance, 2015

2015-04-14
Active Safety and Driver assistance systems are gaining importance as many passive safety systems have already been found to have yielded significant safety benefits that are possible from the deployment of those systems in the fleet. Similar success will much depend upon how fast these systems proliferate the entire passenger vehicle fleet. It will also depend on the deployment strategies used by the industry and the government as well as consumer acceptance and market demand for these systems. Additionally, opportunities exist to use the information gained from the various onboard sensors and vision systems in active safety systems for improving the effectiveness of today’s passive safety systems such as seat belts, airbags, and post-crash safety systems even further by the integration of active and passive safety systems.
Collection

Autonomous Systems, 2019

2019-04-02
With a mandate in Europe for autonomous emergency braking systems, there is a development happening with radar and camera based systems to do collision mitigation. The challenges include robust object tracking, stationary object detection, reactions for false positives, etc. The developments and challenges in the collision mitigation technology are included in this collection.
Standard

A Process for Utilizing Aerospace Propulsion Health Management Systems for Maintenance Credit

2018-12-06
CURRENT
ARP5987
The process detailed within this document is generic and can be applied to commercial and military applications. It applies to the entire end-to-end health management system throughout its lifecycle, covering on-board and on-ground elements. The practical application of this standardized process is detailed in the form of a checklist. The on-board element described here are the source of the data acquisition used for off-board analysis. The on-board aspects relating to safety of flight, pilot notification, etc., are addressed by the other SAE Committees standards and documents. This document does not prescribe hardware or software assurance levels, nor does it answer the question “how much mitigation and evidence are enough”. The criticality level and mitigation method will be determined between the ‘Applicant’ and the regulator.
Book

Toyota R&D Technical Review 2009

2009-08-01
Giving unique insight into Toyota's 2009 technical developments, this book includes 24 papers that chronicle the Japanese OEM's R&D activities during that year. This volume has a special focus on automotive safety and ITS, and 12 of the papers highlight developments in those areas. Title highlights include: Safety and ITS • The Evolution of GOA for Crash Safety • Pre-Crash Safety: Autonomous Integrated Safety Technology • Assist System for Enhancing Driver Vision at Night Other Technical Areas • A Study on Friction Materials for Reducing Brake Squeal by Nanotechnology • Newly Developed AR Engine Series • Development of Bio-Based Plastics for Injection Molding
Journal Article

A Personalized Lane-Changing Model for Advanced Driver Assistance System Based on Deep Learning and Spatial-Temporal Modeling

2019-11-14
Abstract Lane changes are stressful maneuvers for drivers, particularly during high-speed traffic flows. However, modeling driver’s lane-changing decision and implementation process is challenging due to the complexity and uncertainty of driving behaviors. To address this issue, this article presents a personalized Lane-Changing Model (LCM) for Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) based on deep learning method. The LCM contains three major computational components. Firstly, with abundant inputs of Root Residual Network (Root-ResNet), LCM is able to exploit more local information from the front view video data. Secondly, the LCM has an ability of learning the global spatial-temporal information via Temporal Modeling Blocks (TMBs). Finally, a two-layer Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) network is used to learn video contextual features combined with lane boundary based distance features in lane change events.
Journal Article

Efficient Lane Detection Using Deep Lane Feature Extraction Method

2017-09-23
Abstract In this paper, an efficient lane detection using deep feature extraction method is proposed to achieve real-time lane detection in diverse road environment. The method contains three main stages: 1) pre-processing, 2) deep lane feature extraction and 3) lane fitting. In pre-processing stage, the inverse perspective mapping (IPM) is used to obtain a bird's eye view of the road image, and then an edge image is generated using the canny operator. In deep lane feature extraction stage, an advanced lane extraction method is proposed. Firstly, line segment detector (LSD) is applied to achieve the fast line segment detection in the IPM image. After that, a proposed adaptive lane clustering algorithm is employed to gather the adjacent line segments generated by the LSD method. Finally, a proposed local gray value maximum cascaded spatial correlation filter (GMSF) algorithm is used to extract the target lane lines among the multiple lines.
Journal Article

HMI for Left Turn Assist (LTA)

2018-03-01
Abstract Potential collisions with oncoming traffic while turning left belong to the most safety-critical situations accounting for ~25% of all intersection crossing path crashes. A Left Turn Assist (LTA) was developed to reduce the number of crashes. Crucial for the effectiveness of the system is the design of the human-machine interface (HMI), i.e. defining how the system uses the calculated crash probability in the communication with the driver. A driving simulator study was conducted evaluating a warning strategy for two use cases: firstly, the driver comes to a stop before turning (STOP), and secondly, the driver moves on without stopping (MOVE). Forty drivers drove through three STOP and two MOVE scenarios. For the STOP scenarios, the study compared the effectiveness of an audio-visual warning with an additional brake intervention and a baseline. For the MOVE scenarios, the study analyzed the effectiveness of the audio-visual warning against a baseline.
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