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Technical Paper

Performance Analysis of Data-Driven Plant Models on Embedded Systems

2016-11-08
2016-32-0089
Data-driven plant models are well established in engine base calibration to cope with the ever increasing complexity of today’s electronic control units (ECUs). The engine, drive train, or entire vehicle is replaced with a behavioral model learned from a provided training data set. The model is used for offline simulations and virtual calibration of ECU control parameters, but its application is often limited beyond these use cases. Depending on the underlying regression algorithm, limiting factors include computationally expensive calculations and a high memory demand. However, development and testing of new control strategies would benefit from the ability to execute such high fidelity plant models directly in real-time environments. For instance, map-based ECU functions could be replaced or enhanced by more accurate behavioral models, with the implementation of virtual sensors or online monitoring functions.
Technical Paper

Improving Fuel Economy of Thermostatic Control for a Series Plugin-Hybrid Electric Vehicle Using Driver Prediction

2016-04-05
2016-01-1248
This study investigates using driver prediction to anticipate energy usage over a 160-meter look-ahead distance for a series, plug-in, hybrid-electric vehicle to improve conventional thermostatic powertrain control. Driver prediction algorithms utilize a hidden Markov model to predict route and a regression tree to predict speed over the route. Anticipated energy consumption is calculated by integrating force vectors over the look-ahead distance using the predicted incline slope and vehicle speed. Thermostatic powertrain control is improved by supplementing energy produced by the series generator with regenerative braking during events where anticipated energy consumption is negative, typically associated with declines or decelerations.
Magazine

Automotive Engineering: April 2020

2020-04-01
The man from ARPA-E Advanced R&D programs directed by Dr. Chris Atkinson are building the energy-efficient mobility future. Executive Insights: BorgWarner VP and CTO Hakan Yilmaz With Delphi Technologies expected to join its portfolio, BorgWarner is focusing on differentiating its product line for emerging propulsion architectures. Sweating the details of C8 development How GM's Corvette engineers tackled challenges in the move to a mid-engine architecture. Mid-engine history of the future Highlighting the many benefits of a century-old vehicle layout whose golden era is with today's performance cars.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: January 2022

2022-01-01
Editorial Safety, standards crucial to AVs' advance The Navigator Imaging radar is the next big thing Cabins Reimagined Automated driving technologies, electrification, and shifting customer priorities are inspiring the transformation of vehicle cockpit design and materials. Prepping Cities for Vehicle Autonomy Deployment of new V2I technology and upgrades to existing roadway infrastructure can assist AVs and improve safety for all road users. Keeping Pace with In-Vehicle Data Speed Higher speed and bandwidth for in-vehicle networks, switches, and connections that carry data demand new development and testing solutions. Experts from Keysight Technologies explain. Honda Puts AVs to Work With the second generation of its Autonomous Work Vehicle, Honda advances the concept of automated vehicles as jobsite helpers.
Magazine

Aerospace & Defense Technology: February 2021

2021-01-28
Empowering Soldiers Through ISPDS Dispensable Gels vs Gap Filler Pads An Analysis of Thermal Management Materials Electronic Warfare Vying for Control of the Electromagnetic Spectrum More Bang for the Buck A New Design and Manufacturing Method for Deep Penetrating Bomb Cases A Comprehensive Way to Use Bonding to Improve RF Performance of Low Noise Amplifiers Army and Universities Deploy New Warfighter Communication Technology Radiation Effects on Electronics in Aligned Carbon Nanotube Technology (RadCNT) Characterizing the fundamental mechanisms and charge transport phenomena governing the interactions between ionizing and non-ionizing radiation with carbon-based (nanotube and graphene) field-effect transistors (FETs) devices and integrated circuits (ICs).
Magazine

MOMENTUM: MARCH 2020

2020-03-01
Tweaking, tuning, and tinkering The importance of flight testing in design decisions. Engine switch propels UW - Platteville snowmobile team to new heights Along with a new engine, the team made other changes that helped it win first place in the Spark-Ignition Class at the 2019 SAE Clean Snowmobile Challenge. Another year, another successful Cornell Baja SAE team Cornell University was among only five teams to finish in the top 10 in each of 2019’s three Baja SAE competitions.
Magazine

MOMENTUM: FEBRUARY 2020

2020-02-01
Formula SAE pivot puts focus on adaptability The University of Michigan’s Formula SAE team proved particularly adept at adapting to the competition’s special format for 2020. Air domination Two teams with different pedigrees win big in their respective SAE Aero Design competitions. Team from U Michigan takes all 3 titles in re-imagined Baja SAE competitions RIT finished a close second in the 3 competitions that were conducted virtually, without dynamic events.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: September 2020

2020-09-03
Editorial AV lidar enters a new reality The Navigator UNECE takes first step toward AV regulation Special Delivery - by 'Bot Michigan start-up Refraction AI aims to be the go-to for last-mile, semi-autonomous, all-weather delivery robots. Lidar Infiltrates ADAS Once considered a necessity only in fully autonomous vehicles, lidar sensors are now being evaluated for lower-level driver-assistance systems. Training Data-hungry AI Algorithms Large-scale data refinement is key to bringing more sophisticated automated-driving functions to series production. Simulation's Next Generation Do autonomous-vehicle developers have their simulation strategies all wrong? Some experts think so - but suggest there's a practical solution. Marelli's COVID-killing HVAC Insert With big implications for shared mobility, a new photocatalytic cabin-air purifier claims to kill viruses - including COVID-19. Is Ground-penetrating Radar Next for AV Sensing?
Magazine

Automotive Engineering: January/February 2020

2020-02-06
Heat seekers While engineers debate the use of thermal-imaging sensors for ADAS, their capability and value are being proven for AVs of all levels. EV battery-materials testing gets physical Reliable materials-testing methodologies are vital for progress in electric-vehicle battery development. A leader in the field explains. Engineered in plastic SPE's annual awards highlight new and interesting materials and their applications. Tremec's supercar DCT To polish the 2020 mid-engine Corvette's driving prowess, GM and Tremec engineers joined forces to create a new and better auto-mated transaxle.
Magazine

Aerospace & Defense Technology: August 2020

2020-08-01
Reverse Engineering the Boeing E-3 Sentry's Secondary Flight Controls Vanadium - A Green Metal Critical to Aerospace and Clean Energy Thrust in Space - The Nuances of Thruster Valve Design 3D Printing Aerodynamic Improvements Cryogenic-Capable Isolators Improve the Performance of Millimeter-Wave Systems by Lowering Noise Levels Detection with Quantum Radar A new radar prototype utilizes quantum entanglement as a method of object detection. Preliminary Development of an Integrated Mobility, Lethality, and Survivability Soldier Performance Testing Platform Developing a methodology that incorporates objective measures of performance and is sensitive to changes in soldier-system equipment could help guide equipment manufacturers during product development and acquisition. Bore Elevation and Azimuth Measurement System (Beams) Newly developed laser apparatus verifies that the pointing accuracy requirement of a weapon's fire control system is met.
Magazine

Automotive Engineering: September 2021

2021-09-01
Weaving a new future for composites In a shift perhaps as prolific as steel to aluminum, woven plastics may finally bring the magic of composites to cost-effective mass-production. New composites target EV applications No longer a low-volume play, the latest composite materials offer EV developers new options for lightweighting, thermal management and structures. Acura TLX is Honda's new body-build benchmark All-new for 2021, Acura's midsize sport sedan gets an exclusive platform to go with its structural, materials and dynamic advancements. Body development leader Jeremy Lucas explains. Schaeffler builds an e-motor powerhouse Armed with state-of-the-art manufacturing and a history of innovation, Schaeffler Group is attacking the e-mobility space, says Daniel Sayre.
Magazine

Automotive Engineering: July/August 2021

2021-07-29
Making the case for in-wheel motors IWMs can improve EV efficiency, dynamics, safety, and manufacturability - when unsprung mass is addressed in their design. 3D printing scales-up Constant innovation in machine design, compatible materials and design software is leading additive manufacturing from the prototype shop to the production floor. Boosting patents during the pandemic Nissan's North American researchers set a company record for their patent output during the first year of the pandemic. Two teams revealed how they kept the IP on track.
Magazine

Automotive Engineering: May 2021

2021-05-06
Software transforms vehicle development Software-defined vehicles are driving major changes in hardware and control architectures. Model-based analysis of e-motor designs Observing the magnetic field distribution, electromagnetic torque, and iron loss distribution allows engineers to optimize specific performance with minimal weight and material costs. NVH simulation meets realism New toolsets help reduce development time and bring sound and vibration data into the real world. Metamaterials R&D targets NVH abatement Nissan readies its lightweight acoustic solution for 2022 production - will Hyundai follow?
Magazine

SAE Truck & Off-Highway Engineering: December 2021

2021-12-02
Steel sector aids sustainability Volvo Group partners with SSAB on 'green steel' for off-highway machines and with Ovako for access to fossil-free hydrogen. CV autonomy: Picking the 'low-hanging fruit' Increasingly automated commercial vehicles offer challenges and opportunities in simulation, data management and standardization. Developing EV-specific lubes As electric-vehicle technology accelerates, dedicated e-fluids are necessary to maintain proper levels of drivetrain performance. Editorial Real-world emphasis on electric Mahle, Liebherr develop active pre-chamber for hydrogen ICE ABS ramps up commercial-vehicle battery-pack assembly Navistar updates A26 engine, improves FE by 4% Bosch debuts new CV-specific electric motor and inverter Western Star adds 'weight sensitive' 47X to vocational lineup Hyundai CE launches next-gen electric forklift Q&A Mahle's Laurent Art discusses thermal-management challenges, solutions for battery and fuel-cell electric commercial vehicles.
Magazine

SAE Truck & Off-Highway Engineering: April 2021

2021-04-01
Material selection for battery enclosures Mass reduction is the main reason BEV makers choose aluminum for battery enclosures, but cost and thermal requirements favor steel and polymer composites. Startup targets medium-duty EVs Atlis Motors purpose-engineers nearly all the vital components for an electric pickup and platform capable of spanning several market segments. High-voltage hybrids FEV engineers evaluate 48V and high-voltage parallel hybrid architectures for Class 6-7 commercial vehicles. Certain setups show more promise than others. Hemphill's mission: Support the innovation ecosystem Schaeffler America CTO Jeff Hemphill brings impressive technical chops and well-honed communication skills to his new role as 2021 SAE International president.
Magazine

SAE Truck & Off-Highway Engineering: August 2021

2021-08-05
Accelerating truck autonomy Platform-agnostic interfaces, field data analytics and smart diagnostics will help the commercial-vehicle industry reach SAE Level 4 and 5 operations sooner. Upswing in outsourced EV testing As testing for electric commercial-vehicle propulsion systems surges, Drive System Design is rushing to expand its testing capabilities in the U.S. to keep up with the demand. Global emissions regs demand differing engine strategies The best choice in emissions-reducing technology varies for the U.S. versus Europe and elsewhere, a Jacobs expert details. Precision ag aids sustainability Deere expert Deanna Kovar, a 2021 SAE COMVEC keynoter, provides her thoughts on the future of autonomy, computer vision and machine learning, data management and more.
Magazine

MOMENTUM: APRIL 2020

2020-04-01
Focused on design For Missouri S&T Racing, knowing why a system was designed in a particular way is as important as knowing how it was designed. Taking the classroom to the racetrack Purdue University's Formula SAE team makes good racecars, even better engineers. Sticking to the schedule By strictly meeting deadlines, West Virginia University Institute of Technology team hopes to reach new heights in SAE Aero Design.
Magazine

SAE Truck & Off-Highway Engineering: August 2020

2020-08-06
Big future for e-axles, advanced motors Top transmission engineers claim driveline electrification will transform everything from all-wheel drive to Class 8 tractor-trailers. Big data's benefits keep a-comin' Gigabytes of data are being collected and increasingly mined to improve field operations, maintenance and even vehicle design. Transformative times Despite a challenging climate, technology development progresses - as does the sharing of innovative ideas - virtually. Editorial Zeroing in on zero emissions Softing envisions secure, reliable predictive maintenance Reconstructing accidents in the ADAS age Paving the way to improved truck fuel efficiency Nikola looks to accelerate production, hydrogen infrastructure Mecalac designs unique-pivoting swing loader Q&A' Horiba's Joshua Israel discusses complex regulatory landscape's impact on commercial-vehicle development and shift to electrification.
Magazine

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: March 2020

2020-03-05
Editorial Autonomous 'Uncola' bubbles up The Navigator Cruise Origin points the way for AV architecture The Mind of Argo AI Co-founder and CEO Bryan Salesky brings a realistic approach to the self-driving technology "mission." Metamoto Goes Deep on AV Simulation Simulation based on the actual physics of vehicles and sensors continues expanding to replace millions of miles of potentially dangerous real-world testing. ZF Establishes Level 2+ ADAS Cost-effective technology solutions to meet diverse customer needs are what the "new pragmatism" in driver-assistance tech is all about. Senior VP Aine Denari explains. Lidar in a Flash Continental delivers a short-range 3D flash lidar sensor that's expected to find increasing application in commercial vehicles and off-highway ma-chines in 2020. Sensor Heat Relief Canatu's carbon nanobots keep critical sensor surfaces - and LED head-lamps - clear in sub-freezing weather.
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