Refine Your Search

Topic

Author

Affiliation

Search Results

Book

Auto Brand

2014-01-03
The car - once everybody's dream and a key status symbol in most countries and cultures - has been extensively questioned in the last decades and in the last few years particularly. Urbanization, traffic congestion, pollution problems, heavy reliance on scarce oil supplies, safety issues and ever-growing competition, have all provided significant business challenges for the automotive industry. Many car manufacturers have had to fundamentally rethink their design, brand and marketing strategies to thrive in a savvy, consumer-led culture, and markets that are becoming increasingly restrictive in size and opportunity.
Book

Transport Revolutions

2008-01-01
This book sets out the challenges that will soon threaten modern society's dependence on low-cost transport in light of the problems posed by oil supply and climate change. It proposes organizational and technical innovations that could ensure effective, secure movement of people and goods in ways that minimize environmental impacts and make the best use of renewable sources of energy. The authors conclude that transport in the first half of the 21st century will feature at least two revolutions. One will involve the use of electric drives rather than internal combustion engines. The other will involve powering these drives directly from the electric grid rather than from on-board fuel. The authors also address revolutions in marine transport and aviation and analyze the politics and business of transport and how these will undergo profound change in the decades ahead.
Video

SAE Demo Day in Tampa - City and State Perspectives

2018-08-14
Dramatic changes in transportation are coming. Cities and states looking to be at the forefront and reap the benefits, need an engaged and informed citizenry. Hear how the SAE Demo Day in Tampa supported Florida's AV initiatives and can benefit states nationwide.
Video

SAE Demo Day in Tampa - Highlights

2018-08-14
In May 2018, SAE International in partnership with THEA and leading AV technology companies gave citizens in Tampa a chance to test ride the future. The event included a pre- and post-ride survey, a ride in an automated vehicle, interactive displays and engagement with industry experts. See highlights of the event and feedback from participants.
Technical Paper

Tire/Road Interface Airborne Noise Characteristics Generation

1999-05-17
1999-01-1731
In recent years there has been much interest in problems involving the noise prediction and reduction inside and outside the vehicle. Tire/road exterior noise has been considered to be the major vehicle exterior noise source. However, this paper describes an investigation into the characteristics of the air pumping noise mechanism in terms of source locations and directionality. Some rubber tire/road air pumping noise measurements are presented, whereas some predicted results are computed based on the boundary element method (BEM) to display some parameters which are found to be difficult to be obtained experimentally.
Technical Paper

Using Simulation to Design a Lean Material Delivery System in an Automotive Body Shop

1999-05-10
1999-01-1643
A simulation study was undertaken to help design a material delivery system to support lean manufacturing in an automotive body shop. Since this was a greenfield facility, simulation analysis was employed in the very early design phase of the system to determine and quantify the limiting parameters of the proposed lean material delivery system. The simulation analysis evolved with the changes in the design parameters and assumptions of the facility. The updated information from the simulation model helped the designers to evaluate alternate concepts and understand some parameters better such as, traffic congestion, manpower, and storage area requirement.
Technical Paper

Numerical Investigation of Vehicles Aerodynamics through Driving Tunnels

2000-04-02
2000-01-1579
Due to the rapid development in many parts of Egypt, construction of a wide road network is maintaining a rapid pace. But, those roads are affected by the overcrowded big cities. Thus, there is a growing need for driving tunnels to reduce the traffic problems and facilitate transportation. This issue is highly related to economic (fuel consumption) and environmental (pollution and noise) matters. Up to our knowledge, this paper represents the first numerical study to concern driving tunnels in the Middle East. Actual domestic tunnels and vehicles are computationally simulated. Investigations concentrate on flow behavior, especially overall drag coefficient and wake structure behind vehicles. Results show that many parameters, such as tunnel height, and vehicle height and speed, affect the aerodynamic characteristics through driving tunnels.
Technical Paper

Analysis of Vehicle Response Data Measured During Severe Maneuvers

2000-05-15
2000-01-1644
During the past few years, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA) Vehicle Research and Test Center has generated a plethora of reliable vehicle test data during their efforts to study vehicle rollover propensity. This paper provides further analyses of a small selection of some of the data. The analyses provided here derive in part from the previous work, trying to answer some of the questions spawned by earlier analyses. The purpose of this paper is to introduce several new concepts to the study of vehicle roll stability and provide case studies using the results available from the NHTSA testing. Results from several severe maneuvers are studied in detail to gain understanding of vehicle response in these cases.
Technical Paper

Using μ Feedforward for Vehicle Stability Enhancement

2000-05-01
2000-01-1634
Vehicle stability augmentation has been refined over many years, and currently there are commercial systems that control right/left braking and throttle to create vehicles that remain controlled when road conditions are very poor. These systems typically use yaw rate and lateral acceleration in their control philosophy. The tire/road friction coefficient, μ, has a significant role in vehicle longitudinal and lateral control, and there has been associated efforts to measure or estimate the road surface condition to provide additional information for the stability augmentation system. In this paper, a differential braking control strategy using yaw rate feedback, coupled with μ feedforward is introduced for a vehicle cornering on different μ roads. A nonlinear 4-wheel car model is developed. A desired yaw rate is calculated from the reference model based on the driver steering input.
Technical Paper

A New Method for Determining Tire Traction on Ice

2000-05-01
2000-01-1640
The development of tires traction models is very important for tire mechanics and automobile dynamics. Based on principle of thermal balance and theory of frictional melting, a new method for determining tire traction on an iced highway was presented. It was shown that the computed results could compare with the available test results. The advantages of a car with CTI-DS travelling on ice or compact snow were demonstrated in theory and in experiment. It was recommended that an automobile be operating at lower inflation pressures to increase tire traction force on the above highways.
Technical Paper

Design of Front Wheel Active Steering for Improved Vehicle Handling and Stability

2000-05-15
2000-01-1619
Active steering has received lot of attention in the recent years because of the development of vehicle stability control systems and intelligent vehicle highway systems. Active steering systems allow for correction of the steer angle to achieve the desired vehicle yaw gain. The proposed system can be easily integrated with the vehicle stability control systems that use braking to control the vehicle yaw gain. The paper describes the concept of front wheel active steering system and the design techniques involved in order to achieve the desired performance from the system. The design techniques demonstrated in the paper do not address noise (gear rattles, motor noise, gear whine etc), electromagnetic compatibility and thermal issues related to DC motor and digital controller.
Technical Paper

Motorcycle Suspension Development Using Ride Comfort Analysis with a Laboratory Test System

1999-09-28
1999-01-3276
An analytical approach to developing motorcycle suspensions is presented. Typical uncontrolled and subjective evaluations that place limits on suspension development are curtailed through the use of a laboratory-based road simulation technique, which evaluates vehicle ride quality. Ride comfort is calculated using a specifically tailored NASA model after primary and secondary frequency regimes have been established for this type of motorcycle. Correlation between road and laboratory simulation is measured and compared to the road data variance. A designed experiment evaluates changes in ride quality as a function of suspension and tire pressure adjustments. Various suspension settings are repeated on the simulator and corresponding ride numbers are calculated for both environments. An analysis is performed to correlate ride quality improvements on the simulator with ride quality improvements in the field.
Technical Paper

Steering Performance Evaluation - Heavy-Duty Highway Tractor Wander Test

1999-11-15
1999-01-3764
Heavy-duty highway tractors are the topic of various studies and tests to understand vehicle wander as a contributing factor to driver fatigue. Subtle variations in steering system characteristics can create measurable differences in performance, and operators may have different subjective opinions of the same system. This paper's purpose is to examine wander test setup and data analysis for tests conducted on an International® Model 9200 tractor-trailer at the Navistar Technology and Engineering Center in Fort Wayne, Indiana. Instrumented data and subjective ratings were collected using five power steering gears, evaluated by six drivers, operating over a specific test route.
Technical Paper

Engine Control Optimization for Heavy-Duty Cargo Trucks

1999-11-15
1999-01-3723
In fleet uses, heavy-duty trucks with turbo, inter-cooled engines are popular in Japan. These trucks usually experience congested traffic and/or frequent road grade change in expressways. As a result, frequent vehicle speed and engine load fluctuations are observed. This paper describes the typical, on road driving data from the field and presents one sample of engine control optimization for better fuel economy in actual road conditions.
Technical Paper

Optimal Suspension Damping for Improved Driver- and Road- Friendliness of Urban Buses

1999-11-15
1999-01-3728
Dynamic interactions of urban buses with urban roads are investigated in view of the vibration environment for the driver and dynamic tire forces transmitted to the roads. The static and dynamic properties of suspension component and tires are characterized in the laboratory over a wide range of operating conditions. The measured data is used to derive nonlinear models of the suspension component, and a tire model as a function of the normal load and inflation pressure. The component models are integrated to study the vertical and roll dynamics of front and rear axles of the conventional and modern low floor designs of urban buses. The resulting nonlinear vehicle models are thoroughly validated using the fieldmeasured data on the ride vibration and tire force response of the buses.
Technical Paper

Real-Time On-Board Measurement of Mass Emission of NOx, Fuel Consumption, Road Load, and Engine Output for Diesel Vehicles

2000-03-06
2000-01-1141
Regulatory compliance measurements for vehicle emissions are generally performed in well equipped test facilities using chassis dynamometers that simulate on-road conditions. There is also a requirement for obtaining accurate information from vehicles as they operate on the road. An on-board system has been developed to measure real-time mass emission of NOx, fuel consumption, road load, and engine output. The system consists of a dedicated data recorder and a variety of sensors that measure air-to-fuel ratios, NOx concentrations, intake air flow rates, and ambient temperature, pressure and humidity. The system can be placed on the passenger seat and operate without external power. This paper describes in detail the configuration and signal processing techniques used by the on-board measurement system. The authors explain the methods and algorithms used to obtain (1) real-time mass emission of NOx, (2) real-time fuel consumption, (3) road load, and (4) engine output.
Technical Paper

Diesel Smoke Problem in India

2000-04-26
2000-01-1477
The rapid growth of population and industry in India during the last two decades has resulted the need for adequate mass transport facilities for quick movement and materials. The diesel engine has always been a preferred prime mover for haulage of heavy loads due to its superior fuel economy. In the last 15 years, there has been a rapid increase in the number of diesel vehicles. A majority of automotive diesel engine are rated at about 100 BHP and are almost exclusively used in city, buses and trucks. With the increasing number of diesel vehicles, the diesel smoke has come under severe criticism in India also, especially in the large cities.
Technical Paper

SMASH – Program for Car Accident Simulation

2000-03-06
2000-01-0848
In the paper SMASH - a computer program for road accident simulation is presented. Besides the logic of the program the models of vehicle, tire and crash itself are analyzed briefly. Data and diagrams showing the comparison between SMASH results and actual tests data are presented.
X