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Automotive Engineering International 2003-07-01

A different automatic Developed in conjunction with BorgWarner, Volkswagen's DSG automatic six-speed gearbox is aimed at enthusiasts and has fuel consumption superior to a manual gearbox. Accident avoidance GM and Delphi are testing adaptive cruise control and collision-warning technologies in the hope of ultimately increasing driver awareness and reducing driving behaviors that can lead to accidents. Branding vehicle dynamics The use of active systems and common hardware across several vehicle platforms, with different calibrations and control algorithms, can offer variations in character and brand, according to Prodrive Automotive technology. The drive for improved dynamics For the new XJ, Mike Cross, Jaguar's Chief Engineer for Vehicle Integrity, and his team aimed to preserve the isolation and feel of the previous car, but instill the handling precision and steering accuracy of the S-Type.

Automotive Engineering International 2010-01-05

Optimizing ICEs for hybridization Automakers and powertrain R&D specialists are developing combustion engines specifically for series-hybrid, EREV, and PHEV applications. Top engineers explain the opportunities involved. Consolidation in radios creates fragmentation As radio head units begin handling more functions, the hardware that handles these tasks is being scattered throughout the vehicle.


Alternative fuels and challenges Automotive powertrain development: virtually-connected hardware co-simulation Functional Safety-progressing towards safer mobility Electric rockets and the future of satellite propulsion Achates powers toward production A potential ICE game-changer, the Achates OP engine is being tooled up for production at one OEM while a new 2.7-L triple for light-truck demonstrations enters the build phase. Engineering with simulation and data Companies are discovering new simulation techniques, especially optimization; the next step is to combine simulation with sensor data and predictive analytics to create even more robust off-highway equipment.

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2008-03-01

In search of the perfect burn The simultaneous download pressures on NOx and PM continue to make research into higher injection pressures and alternative combustion solutions such as homogenous-charge compression ignition attractive. One way to stop a train A new self-energizing electrohydraulic brake offers the advantages of hydraulic brake actuation without the disadvantages of a centralized hydraulic power supply. A model combustion: from art to science Analysis tools, advanced hardware provide insight into combustion process, refining the cylinder's 'big bang.' The datalinked vehicle In the fields and on the job site with GPS.

A Quantitative Risk Analysis for AeroMACS Network Security in SESAR

The growing need for an efficient worldwide airspace system management, generated by an increasing traffic load, requires new capabilities for air-ground data communication technologies. In order to cope with these requirements, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), EUROCONTROL, and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) have jointly made specific recommendations for candidate technologies for the airport surface communication network. In the SESAR project, the Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communication System (AeroMACS) technology is being developed in such a way to provide next generation broadband and wireless data communications for airport surface applications (i.e. Air Traffic Control ? ATC, Airline Operational Communications ? AOC, and surface vehicles services).

Ford 2011 6.7L Power Stroke® Diesel Engine Combustion System Development

This session focuses on kinetically controlled combustion. Experimental and simulation studies pertaining to various means of controlling combustion are welcome. Examples are research studies dealing with temperature and composition distribution inside the cylinder and their impact on heat release process. Studies clarifying the role of fuel physical and chemical properties in autoignition are also welcome. Presenter Hanho Yun, General Motors Company

Review and Assessment of the ISO 26262 Draft Road Vehicle - Functional Safety

ISO 26262 is the first comprehensive automotive safety standard that addresses the safety of the growing number of electric/electronic and software intensive features in today's road vehicles. This paper assesses the standard's ability to provide safety assurance. The strengths of the standard are: (1) emphasizing safety management and safety culture; (2) prescribing a system engineering development process; (3) setting up a framework for hazard elimination early in the design process; (4) disassociating system safety risk assessment from component probabilistic failure rate. The third and fourth strengths are noteworthy departure from the philosophy of IEC61508. This standard has taken much-needed and very positive steps towards ensuring the functional safety of the modern road vehicles. SAE publications from industry show a lot of enthusiasm towards this standard.

Automotive Functional Safety Standard ISO 26262 and the Current Challenges

The ISO 26262, titled "Road vehicles - Functional safety," is a Functional Safety standard that gives a guidance to reduce the risks to tolerable level by providing feasible requirements and processes. This standard is an adaptation of the Functional Safety standard IEC 61508 for Automotive Electrical/Electronic and programmable electronic Systems. The standard covers the development of safety-related electrical, electronic and programmable electronics systems in the road vehicles. It will have a significant impact on the way such systems are designed, developed, integrated and validated for safety. Functional safety of embedded systems has become an integral part in automotive engineering activities due to the recently released safety standard ISO 26262. One main challenge is to perform development activities compliant to the standard and provide the respective documentation.
SAE MOBILUS Subscription

Wiley Cyber Security Collection Add-On

As an annual subscription, the Wiley Cyber Security Collection Add-On is available for purchase along with one or both of the following: Wiley Aerospace Collection Wiley Automotive Collection The titles from the Wiley Cyber Security Collection are included in the SAE MOBILUS® eBook Package. Titles: Network Forensics Penetration Testing Essentials Security in Fixed and Wireless Networks, 2nd Edition The Network Security Test Lab: A Step-by-Step Guide Risk Centric Threat Modeling: Process for Attack Simulation and Threat Analysis Applied Cryptography: Protocols, Algorithms and Source Code in C, 20th Anniversary Edition Computer Security Handbook, Set, 6th Edition Threat Modeling: Designing for Security Other available Wiley collections: Wiley SAE MOBILUS eBook Package Wiley Aerospace Collection Wiley Automotive Collection Wiley Computer Systems Collection Add-On (purchasable with the Wiley Aerospace Collection and/or the Wiley Automotive Collection)

Achieving Compliance with RTCA DO-254/EUROCAE ED-80 Design Assurance Guidance for Airborne Electronic Hardware: Quality Management Perspective

Aircraft are high value-adding and long-living assets, while aircraft cabins are expensive consumer products tailored to each customer. Vastly changing requirements and needs force aircraft holders regularly to instruct modifications in order to remain attractive on the market. Adaptations, modifications, and development of innovations are handled by multiple organizations, not by a central one like the aircraft?s manufacturer or owner. Although the Continuing Airworthiness Management Organization manages all aircraft instance-specific documents as required by aviation regulations, their format and types of management differ. Besides, not all information that arises during a parts design phase is included. That means, overall, the consistent model-based maintenance of data within all phases of PLM up to disposal is not guaranteed.

Achieving Compliance with RTCA DO-254/EUROCAE ED-80 Design Assurance Guidance for Airborne Electronic Hardware: Quality Management Perspective

RTCA DO-254/ EUROCAE ED-80 �Design Assurance Guidance for Airborne Electronic Hardware� is a widely accepted industry standard to ensure safety in avionics hardware. FAA and EASA have recognized DO-254 as an acceptable means of compliance with the applicable airworthiness regulations for the electronic hardware. While microprocessor based complex hardware utilization in safety critical avionic hardware are increasing and DO-254 compliance is mandated by the certification authorities, development of DO-254 compliant or safety certifiable hardware is becoming more and more important and provides competitive advantage in the industry. The avionics manufacturers need to correlate their existing processes and procedures with DO-254 in order to satisfy DO-254 objectives in their own quality management system structure, which may be challenging and tricky.

Modeling Compressor Pressure Ratio vs. Mass Flow Rate Including Choke Line and Surge Line Using Scaling Theorem

In this paper, a procedure to obtain the compressor map (pressure ratio vs. mass flow rate) is showed by scaling of the available compressor maps with similar shape and design using scaling theorem. The reason to develop such procedure is that in industrial application, a new compressor map need be developed before the complete geometry and hardware of compressor are known. Such procedure is especially useful for users such as engine or vehicle OEM to quickly select turbocharger compressor independently. The scaling law is used to model the non-dimensional parameters of compressor head coefficient vs. mass flow coefficient. Detail procedure from the non-dimensional parameters to the final compressor performance data are described.
Technical Paper

Recent Shuttle EVA Operations and Experience

This paper describes the hardware used and the experience gained during the Space Shuttle extravehicular activities (EVAs) or “spacewalks” of 1984. Seven EVAs on four missions were conducted with objectives including hardware verification, satellite repair, hydrazine transfer, and satellite retrieval. The hardware used on these flights falls into two categories - general EVA hardware (e.g. the Manned Maneuvering Unit) and mission-unique hardware (e.g. apogee kick motor capture device, used to retrieve the WESTAR VI and PALAPA B-2 satellites). The successful completion of the mission objectives resulted in an increased knowledge of EVA operations and a broader base of Space Shuttle capabilities which are applicable to future operations.
Technical Paper

Physiological Considerations for EVA in the Space Station Era

Extravehicular Activity (EVA) is an important part of the U.S. space program. The argument that EVA's are unnecessary or too dangerous has been refuted by the successes of contingency and planned EVA's. The recent successes in satellite maintenance and retrieval have demonstrated EVA's to be useful, practical, and safe. During the Space Station Program, crewmembers will be expected to perform more frequent EVA's. As in the past, the physiological factors must be integrated with operational and engineering considerations to achieve a safe, effective system. In past programs, we have been concerned with factors including metabolic work rates and extensive prebreathing methods to rid the body of bends-inducing nitrogen. In the Space Station Program, we are presented with frequent and varied EVA tasks which require that the hardware withstand repeated use, and that physiological limits not be exceeded.