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Hydrogen, The Post-Oil Fuel?

Hydrogen, energy vector for the future? Or, on the contrary, limited to its current applications in the field of chemistry and refining for decades to come, possibly even until the end of the century? There is much controversy over this issue and two sides to the argument. Advocates of the hydrogen civilization consider that, following a technological revolution hydrogen will play a universal role alongside electricity as a substitute for fossil fuels, especially (but not only) in transport, leading to radical elimination of CO2 emissions. For the skeptics, and even outspoken opponents, hydrogen will remain restricted to its current applications due to the insoluble problems inherent to its generalized use, especially in transport. This book highlights the increasing and inevitable role of "energy" hydrogen – as opposed to chemical hydrogen – in the key sectors of transport and "clean" electricity production.

Proceedings for the Joint Conference: MFPT 2013 and ISA's 59th International Instrumentation Symposium

The result of a combined effort between the Society for Machinery Failure Prevention Technology (MFPT) and the International Society of Automation (ISA), which held their conferences together in May, 2013, the proceedings are now are available in print format. Focusing on the theme of Sensors and Systems for Reliability, Safety and Affordability, the Joint Conference MFPT 2013 and ISA’s 59th International Instrumentation Symposium reflected the importance of sensing and condition management systems in lowering sustainment costs. The proceedings contain 33 technical papers chosen out of the 120 presented during the various sessions.

Biofuels: Illusion or Reality?

Environmental issues, rising prices and security of supply are putting energy at the center of all attention. Policymakers pushed by various stakeholders are struggling to find more sustainable solutions to the world’s legitimate demand for energy. The transport sector is especially under pressure as it relies up to 98% on oil. Despite vast research and development investments, no short-term solutions appeared to be reliable. Thanks to lawmakers’ support to biofuels, these substitutes for oil are now seen as the potential solution for a sustainable future in less polluting transportation alternatives. This book analyses the real possibility of biofuels in Europe. Does the region have enough land to produce the needed feedstock? What are the real gains in terms of greenhouse gases emissions and energy efficiency? Are biofuels really a sustainable solution? Will this policy succeed? Are the targets reachable?

Reinventing the Automobile

This path breaking book provides a long overdue vision for a new automobile era. The cars we drive today follow the same underlying design principles as the Model Ts of a hundred years ago and the tail-finned sedans of fifty years ago. In the twenty-first century, cars are still made for twentieth-century purposes. They're well suited for conveying multiple passengers over long distances at high speeds, but inefficient for providing personal mobility within cities-where most of the world's people now live. William Mitchell and two industry experts re-imagine the automobile, describing vehicles of the near future that are green, smart, connected, and fun to drive. They roll out four big ideas that will make this both feasible and timely. First, we must transform the DNA of the automobile, basing it on electric-drive and wireless communication rather than on petroleum, the internal combustion engine, and stand-alone operation.

Transport Revolutions

This book sets out the challenges that will soon threaten modern society's dependence on low-cost transport in light of the problems posed by oil supply and climate change. It proposes organizational and technical innovations that could ensure effective, secure movement of people and goods in ways that minimize environmental impacts and make the best use of renewable sources of energy. The authors conclude that transport in the first half of the 21st century will feature at least two revolutions. One will involve the use of electric drives rather than internal combustion engines. The other will involve powering these drives directly from the electric grid rather than from on-board fuel. The authors also address revolutions in marine transport and aviation and analyze the politics and business of transport and how these will undergo profound change in the decades ahead.

Lectures of the 32nd International Vienna Motor Symposium

Proceedings from the 32nd International Vienna Motor Symposium now available through SAE International. One of the most prestigious conferences on engine development in the industry today, the International Vienna Motor Symposium, now in its 32nd year, gathers world renowned experts to discuss the current and future state of motor technology. According to Dr. Hans Peter Lenz, president of the Austrian Society of Automotive Engineers, who opened this year’s conference, markets are now in a better position to understand how internal combustion engines and electrified powertrains can actually complement each other. Presenters offered their input and experience in the development of new technologies enabling higher levels of fuel efficiency and power, longer range and a cleaner way for the mobility industry to move forward. The proceedings, available in two volumes and a CD, contain all the technical papers given during the meeting, both in English and in German.

Toyota Technical Review 2010

Giving unique insight into Toyota's 2010 technical developments, this book includes 19 papers that chronicle the Japanese OEM's R&D activities in a variety of technologies during that year. This volume takes a special look at the Prius, Toyota's popular hybrid, along with other technical innovations. Title highlights include: Prius Technology • Hybrid Technologies in the 3rd Generation Prius • Chassis Development for the 3rd Generation Prius • Design of the Prius as an Eco-Icon Other Technical Areas • Introduction of the World's First Rear Seat Occupant Restraint System for Rear-End Collisions • Development of Fuel Consumption Estimation Technology Using VHDL-AMS • Development of Electrode Structure for High Performance Fuel Cell Using CAE

Toyota R&D Technical Review 2011

Giving unique insight into Toyota's 2011 technical developments, this book includes 18 papers that chronicle the Japanese OEM's R&D activities in a variety of technologies during that year. This volume has a special focus on next-generation electric storage, and 10 of the papers highlight developments in such things as batteries, fuel cells and next-generation energy. Title highlights include: Next Generation Electric Storage and Its Applications • Secondary Battery Development for Hybrid Vehicles at Toyota • Development Trends and Popularization Trends for Fuel Cell Vehicles • Renewable Energy and Its Effective Usage Other Technical Areas • Drivetrain Development for the Lexus LFA • Development of Scratch-Resistant Universal Clear Coat • Development of Environmentally Friendly Machining Process for Aluminum Parts

Nomenclature & Definitions for Electrified Propulsion Aircraft

Create and publish a list of terms relevant to electrified propulsion aircraft with summary text descriptions. The terms and description will not provide full explanations, diagrams, and other detailed technical descriptions. These deeper descriptions will be addressed in other documents.

Performance Rating of Lithium Ion Electric Vehicle Battery Modules

This SAE Recommended Practice defines standard performance test procedures for LIBM’s. Specific values for minimum performance are not part of this specification, these tests are for performance comparison to a common testing platform. This document is subject to change to keep pace with technological advances. LIBM safety and abuse testing is comprehended in J2929 and J2464. LIBM life cycle testing is comprehended in J2288. LIBM form factor is irrelevant to the purpose of this document. LIBM shock and vibration testing is included in J2380.

Safety Considerations for Electrified Propulsion Aircraft

This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) discusses particularities to be considered when performing the safety assessment of electrified propulsion aircraft. Its main focuses are: • The failure modes of electrified propulsion components • Methods to evaluate failure rates of electrified propulsion components • Effects of failures on example electrified propulsion system and aircraft architectures • Particular risks, common causes, and zonal considerations specific to electrified propulsion The guidance in this document may be used to generate inputs for system and aircraft safety assessment activities.

Small Gas Engines 10th Edition

Small Gas Engines explores the principles of small gasoline engine design, construction, and operation. It also presents a detailed overview of small engine maintenance, troubleshooting, service, rebuilding, and repair. In addition, this title includes extensive coverage of outdoor power equipment applications and the specialized service related to each type of equipment. The 2012 edition has been extensively reorganized to help improve comprehension, with content updated throughout the text. Engine service information is arranged in a logical sequence, similar to the order in which service and rebuilding procedures are performed. New Fundamentals of Electricity, Magnetism, and Electronics chapter introduces readers to the basics of electricity and electronics. A brand new chapter in engine reassembly and break-in was also added.

Architecture Examples for Electrified Propulsion Aircraft

The application of electric power for aircraft propulsion can take a variety of forms, ranging from partial electric to full electric. The introduction of electric motors to drive propulsors, along with the variety of available methods to generate electricity and store energy offers great degree of new design freedom for new aircraft and aircraft architectures. This newfound design freedom exposes a need within the aviation industry to establish a common design language for electrified propulsion. While this need for a common design language is recognized, the intent of this document is to encourage innovation, providing reference architectures as a launching point for future work in this area. This document will categorize potential electrified propulsion architectures and provide examples.

Electric Drivetrain Fluids (EDF)

This SAE Information Report is to assist those concerned with lubricants used in drivetrain components powered by electric powerplants. The information contained herein will be helpful in understanding the terms related to the properties of a lubricant used in electric drivetrains.

Compatibility of Turbine Lubricating Oils

This method is used for determining the compatibility of a candidate lubricant with specific reference lubricants. The reference lubricants will typically be mandated by the product specification against which the candidate lubricant is being compared. This method is based on Federal Standard 791 method 3403 and Defence Standard 05-50 (Part 61) method 24, incorporating the modifications called for in SAE AS5780.

Insight: Fuel Effiency: Fuel Economy Testing (DVD)

"Spotlight on Design: Insight" features an in-depth look at the latest technology breakthroughs impacting mobility. Viewers are virtually taken to labs and research centers to learn how design engineers are enhancing product performance/reliability, reducing cost, improving quality, safety or environmental impact, and achieving regulatory compliance. As global concerns about the negative consequences of greenhouse gases on the environment increase, regulatory agencies around the world are taking serious steps to address the issue of tailpipe emissions In the episode "Fuel Efficiency: Fuel Economy Testing" (12:01), engineers at the EPA’s National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory demonstrate how different vehicles are tested for emissions, and AVL’s technical team shows how accurate tailpipe emissions can be measured and reported.
Technical Paper

Electrochromic Glazings for Use in Automobiles

In the present paper we will outline the principles, designs, problems and benefits of electrochromic coatings and present our own laboratory results. The effect of electrochromic coatings on the thermal comfort of a parked vehicle is theoretically calculated and the results confronted with the performances of selective coatings.
Technical Paper

Multifunctional Glasses for Automotive

The windows of a vehicle have to satisfy the following driver and passenger needs concerning visibility and climate perception both related to active safety: transparency, reluctance, dazzling, glare and diffused light (scattering). All functions are related to visibility and so to the optics of glazing, solar control, deicing, defogging, demisting. The task of material science is to find the multifunctional glasses solving simultaneously problems of visibility, safety and comfort. Particular kind of glasses, colored, wired, coated, electrochromic, liquid crystal, photochromic can be already considered solutions which can operate passively or actively. The example of passive solar control and active heatable coated glasses is shown as a possible practical multifunctional glass very soon.