Semi-Solid Casting of Magnesium and Aluminum Alloys via the CRP (Continuous Rheo-conversion Process)
Semi-solid processing (SSM) has many advantages in that the alloy is cast at lower temperatures (i.e., in the two-phase region) giving rise to reduced die wear, as well as giving rise to novel microstructures. The resultant SSM processed castings are dendrite-free and do not contain hot tears; rather, the SSM structure is globular, and the liquid phase surrounding the globules acts as a “lubricant” during processing. Moreover, the flow of the slurry into the die cavity is more laminar than turbulent, since the starting metal is in the mushy region. This concept of SSM processing was realized by the development of a continuous process titled: CRP - Continuous Rheo-conversion Process. In this process, one allows the incipient solidification of alloy melt(s) under the combined effects of forced convection and rapid cooling rates. In the CRP, two liquids held at particular level of superheat, are passively mixed within a reactor.