Valve-Event Modulated Boost System
Prior work with the concept of dividing the exhaust process into an early and late phase has shown the potential of applying only the early stage (blow-down) of the exhaust period directly to a turbocharger or turbocharger system, and the later stage (scavenge) arranged to bypass the turbine. In this manner, the exhaust backpressure required to extract high turbine work from the engine can be isolated from the displacement phase of the exhaust stroke and thereby greatly reduce the exhaust pumping work and Residual Gas Fraction. In previously-published efforts, the challenges of valve-event control and high turbine inlet temperature have been revealed. The BorgWarner Engine Systems Group, in conjunction with Presta, has applied a cam-phaser controlled concentric camshaft system to the exhaust side of a divided exhaust port 4-valve per cylinder DOHC GDI engine, to enable variable phasing between the Blow-down and Scavenge cam profiles.