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Technical Paper

Stress Under Belts and Radial Tires with Various Wt Distributions

In a series of field experiments we measured the stresses in sand beneath the rubber belt of a prototype belted tractor and beneath single front and dual rear tyres of a radial ply type equipped tractor, using earth stress cells installed beneath the belt or tyres. The stress in the sand increased with increasing axle load for both belt and tyres. The peak vertical stress beneath the belt was about 6 times the average stress calculated as total weight divided by total area of belt. Depending on axle load, the stresses near the soil surface were similar beneath belts and tyres, whereas at 35 to 45 cm depth the stresses beneath tyres exceeded those beneath belts. Stresses beneath individual wheels on the track bogey could be distinguished near the soil surface, but at 35 to 45 cm depth only the average stress could be identified.
Technical Paper

Microstructural Characteristics of Die Cast AZ91D and AM60 Magnesium Alloys

Die cast AZ91D and AM60 magnesium alloy components are finding increasing usage in automotive applications. Both hot and cold chamber die cast components of these alloys generally exhibit several common microstructural features, including “skin”, porosity banding, and porosity distributed about the component centerline. Methods for quantitatively characterizing these microstructural features are described and representative values for skin thicknesses, porosity band dimensions and porosity band locations from selected die castings will be presented. The expected influence of these common microstrucutral features on mechanical properties and acceptability of die cast magnesium components for given applications are discussed.
Technical Paper

Fatigue Properties of Die Cast Magnesium Alloys

This paper provides a review of the fatigue properties reported in the open literature for die cast magnesium-based alloys. Recently developed fatigue data, in the form of stress versus number of cycles to failure for bending fatigue (R=-1), are presented for die cast AM60B and AZ91D alloy specimens with thicknesses between 1 and 10 mm. The effects of specimen thickness and macrostructural features, such as porosity distributions and surface features (parting line and ejection pin marks), on the fatigue data are discussed.
Technical Paper

Effects of Section Size and Microstructural Features on the Mechanical Properties of Die Cast AZ91D and AM60B Magnesium Alloy Test Bars

Reported tensile and fatigue properties of die cast AZ91D and AM60B magnesium alloys indicate that those values depend on the size and shape of the test samples and their global porosities. This paper reviews the mechanical properties reported in the open literature for these die cast alloys and indicates that section thickness and global porosity are inadequate for predicting the tensile and fatigue properties of die cast AZ91D and AM60B magnesium alloys.