Refine Your Search

Search Results

Viewing 1 to 3 of 3
Technical Paper

Performance and Emission Analysis of a Non-Conventional Gasoline Engine

A new engine design concept, characterized by a single cylinder-double piston and a cycloid crank rotor instead of the conventional crankshaft has been developed recently by Gul & Co Development AB, Sweden. The rotor (crank disc) is equipped with an oval groove in the shape of a sinusoidal cycloid according to the expression varies from 0 to 1. Inside the oval groove a ball rolls/slides in order to transfer force from the piston to the rotor. Such a rotor contains groove surfaces for the valve movement control as well. Each turn of the rotor corresponds to four strokes for both the pistons. Thus, a full 4-stroke engine cycle is developed for a single non-conventional crankshaft revolution. Having the extra freedom to select an optimal piston movement, the new design is believed to have the potential to provide low emissions, low noise levels and lower fuel consumption. Therefore, it has been subjected to an engine thermodynamics simulation, to provide an insight to engine performance.
Technical Paper

Considerations on Engine Design and Fuelling Technique Effects on Qualitative Combustion in Alcohol Diesel Engines

This paper depicts the main topics of the experimental investigation on alcohol engine development field, aiming at the engineering targets for the emission levels. The first part of this study was focused on engine design optimization for running on ethanol mixed with poly-ethylene glycol (PEG) as ignition improver. It was shown that some design changes in compression ratio, turbine casing, injector nozzle configuration and exhaust pressure governor (EPG) activation, lead to a better engine thermodynamics and its thermochemistry. The second objective of this study was the investigation of engine performance and emission levels, when the ignition improver diethyl ether (DEE) would be generated on board via catalytically dehydration of ethanol, and used directly as soluble mixture or separately fumigated.
Technical Paper

A New Paraffinic Fuel Impact on Emissions and Combustion Characteristics of a Diesel Engine

Having low aromatic compounds, high cetane rating, higher heat of combustion and almost zero sulphur content, a new paraffinic fuel (NPF), developed by Oroboros AB Sweden, was believed to receive attention as a new alternative fuel. Therefore, further investigation and combustion analyses were conducted in a research single-cylinder diesel engine, where detailed thermodynamic analyses were performed by Burst to File high frequency signal sampling code and by the Dragon software, revealing the real thermochemistry history. The aim of this investigation was an effort to reduce the pollution levels in Santiago de Chile by introducing this new paraffinic fuel (NPF). Experimental results have shown that the NPF fuel has a significant impact not only on the emission levels, but also on other energetic parameters of the engine such as ignition delay, cylinder peak pressure, heat release gradient, indicated efficiency etc.