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Technical Paper

Parameterized Diesel Engine Heat Release Modeling for Combustion Phasing Analysis

Different Vibe function model structures for parameterized diesel engine heat release models are investigated. The work is motivated by the need of such models when closed-loop combustion control is implemented based on torque domain combustion phasing analysis. Starting from the studied model structures, models are created by estimating the model parameters using a separable least squares approach. After this, the models are evaluated according to two different performance criteria. The first criterion rates the ability of the estimated models to describe reference mass fraction burned traces. The second criterion assesses how accurately the models estimate the reference combustion phasing measure. As expected, the analysis shows that the models based on the most flexible model structure achieve the best results, both regarding mass fraction burned estimation and combustion phasing estimation.
Technical Paper

Parameterized Diesel Engine Combustion Modeling for Torque Based Combustion Property Estimation

Combustion model structures based on Vibe functions are outlined and investigated in this work. The focus of the study is the use of such model structures for estimation of diesel combustion properties by reconstructing in-cylinder pressure from measurements of crankshaft torque. Investigated combustion properties include the start and phasing of the combustion as well as maximum values of the in-cylinder pressure and its derivative. The accuracy associated with the proposed estimation method is evaluated using ideal torque data, i.e. torque calculated from in-cylinder pressure, that is generated using both simulations and experiments. The results indicate that the uncertainty associated with the estimation of a selected combustion property tends to increase if that property is located close to TDC, where the signal-to-noise ratio is low for a torque signal.
Technical Paper

Modeling, Identification, and Separation of Crankshaft Dynamics in a Light-Duty Diesel Engine

Mathematical models of a torque sensor equipped crankshaft in a light-duty diesel engine are identified, validated, and compared. The models are based on in-cylinder pressure and crankshaft torque data collected from a 5-cylinder common-rail diesel engine running at multiple operating points. The work is motivated by the need of a crankshaft model in a closed-loop combustion control system based on crankshaft torque measurements. In such a system a crankshaft model is used in order to separate the measured crankshaft torque into cylinder individual torque contributions. A method for this is described and used for IMEP estimation. Not surprisingly, the results indicate that higher order models are able to estimate crankshaft torque more accurately than lower order models, even if the differences are small. For IMEP estimation using the cylinder separation method however, these differences have large effects on accuracy.
Technical Paper

An Experimental Evaluation of Torque Sensor Based Feedback Control of Combustion Phasing in an SI-engine

Feedback control of combustion phasing based on a crankshaft integrated torque sensor was developed for a spark ignited five cylinder engine. A cylinder individual measure for combustion phasing, called 50% torque ratio, is extracted from the torque signal and used by a spark advance controller. The estimated torque ratio is based on a simplified estimation algorithm where torsional resonances in the crankshaft are neglected, thus limiting the operating range up to a maximum of about 2000 rpm. The torque ratio measure has been compared with the existing measure 50% burned mass fraction, and proven to be a reliable measure for combustion phasing. The spark advance controller has been evaluated by using internal EGR changes as combustion disturbances and an examination of its cylinder balancing properties was performed.