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Technical Paper

The Effects of Roll Control for Passenger Cars during Emergency Maneuvers

A nonlinear eight degree of freedom vehicle model has been used to examine the effects of roll stiffness on handling and performance. In addition, various control strategies have been devised which vary the total roll couple distribution in order to improve cornering capability and stopping distance. Of all cases tested, a controller which varies the total roll stiffness based on roll angle feedback, and continuously updates the roll couple distribution as a function of steering wheel angle, braking input, and the total roll stiffness, yields the greatest improvements in collision avoidance.
Technical Paper

The Effects of Chassis Flexibility on Roll Stiffness of a Winston Cup Race Car

Predictable handling of a racecar may be achieved by tailoring chassis stiffness so that roll stiffness between sprung and unsprung masses are due almost entirely to the suspension. In this work, the effects of overall chassis flexibility on roll stiffness and wheel camber response, will be determined using a finite element model (FEM) of a Winston Cup racecar chassis and suspension. The FEM of the chassis/suspension is built from an assembly of beam and shell elements using geometry measured from a typical Winston cup race configuration. Care has been taken to model internal constraints between degrees-of-freedom (DOF) at suspension to chassis connections, e.g. t ball and pin joints and internal releases. To validate the model, the change in wheel loads due to an applied jacking force that rolls the chassis agrees closely with measured data.
Technical Paper

An Investigation of the Effects of Roll Control on Handling and Stability of Passenger Vehicles During Severe Lane Change Maneuvers

The control of body roll on passenger vehicles can be used as a tool for controlling the “weight shift” that occurs during maneuvering. Distribution of load to the tires will determine the ability of each tire to generate lateral forces required for the maneuver and thus will significantly affect handling. In this investigation, the effects on weight shift and hence, on handling, of total roll stiffness, front to rear roll stiffness distribution, total roll damping, and roll damping distribution were examined. These results were then used to guide the development and analysis of several roll control algorithms. The results of the investigation indicate that roll control can be effective in improving handling and stability. However, simulation of the control algorithms showed that the controllers must be specifically tuned for the vehicle in which they are to be used.