Refine Your Search

Search Results

Viewing 1 to 2 of 2
Technical Paper

Survey of Winter '93 Low Sulphur Diesel Fuels in the U.S.

Reports of disabling diesel engine seal failures which accompanied the introduction of low sulfur diesel fuel in October '93 prompted an in-depth survey of diesel fuel chemical and physical properties. The purpose of the survey was to anticipate other possible problems which might arise with the newly introduced low sulfur fuels. The survey will produce a database containing over 1000 number 2 diesel fuels from various parts of the US. About 75% of the samples tested were on-highway low sulfur diesel fuels. Samples analyzed were from the D-A Lubricant Company, Cummins customers failures (truck fleets of various sizes), and a number of retail fueling stations. Properties under investigation are % Sulfur, Cloud/Pour Points, Viscosity, API Gravity, TAN/TBN, Boiling Range, Aromatics content, Heat Content, Lubricity, and Peroxide number.
Technical Paper

Changes in Elastomer Swell with Diesel Fuel Composition

Reports of disabling elastomer seal failures across a wide range of diesel equipment, which accompanied the introduction of low sulfur diesel fuel in October '93 prompted an in-depth investigation of low sulfur diesel fuel chemical speciation. The objective of this work was to gain a better understanding of how low sulfur fuels had changed to cause this problem. Mass Spectroscopy (MS) and seal swell data were obtained on a broad geographical sampling of low sulfur diesel fuels obtained during the 4th quarter of '93. Previously available high sulfur (0.25%) data were available for comparison. Elastomer seal swell data were obtained in pure component blends and also in fuels which had caused field failures. Using these data it was possible to determine which fuel components or lack thereof may contribute most heavily to seal swell failures. Further, compression set data were obtained for a number of commonly used fuel system elastomers in a fuel which caused field problems.