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Technical Paper

Predicted vs. Actual Compensation in a Stamping Die

2001-10-16
2001-01-3108
Traditional methods used to produce a die set (from developing initial machining cutter paths through finalized die tryout to produce a part that meets design intent) begin with draw simulation and development. It is here, traditionally, that scientific evaluation of actual metal stretch and theoretical ideals end. In past programs, a designed part would be simulated for stretch and a development model created to include various die compensations (i.e. springback, overcrown, etc.) based on past experience for area and amount. At this point, the die is cut and undergoes a metamorphosis through die tryout to finally produce a quality part. This is currently an open loop system. This paper will focus on the differences in the predicted way the die should look and the actual outcome (after part buyoff).
Technical Paper

Perforation Corrosion Performance of Autobody Steel Sheet in On-Vehicle and Accelerated Tests

2003-03-03
2003-01-1238
The Auto/Steel Partnership Corrosion Project Team has completed a perforation corrosion test program consisting of on-vehicle field exposures and various accelerated tests. Steel sheet products with eight combinations of metallic and organic coatings were tested, utilizing a simple crevice coupon design. On-vehicle exposures were conducted in St. John's and Detroit for up to seven years to establish a real-world performance standard. Identical test specimens were exposed to the various accelerated tests, and the results were compared to the real-world standard. This report documents the results of these tests, and compares the accelerated test results (including SAE J2334, GM9540P, Ford APGE, CCT-I, ASTM B117, South Florida Modified Volvo, and Kure Beach (25-meter) exposures) to the on-vehicle tests. The results are compared in terms of five criteria: extent of corrosion, rank order of material performance, degree of correlation, acceleration factor, and control of test environment.
Technical Paper

Optimization of Single-Point Frontal Airbag Fire Threshold

2000-03-06
2000-01-1009
The relationship of the airbag fire-distribution as a function of impact velocity to the airbag fire-time is studied through the use of an optimization procedure. The study is conducted by abstracting the sensor algorithm and its associated constraints into a simple mathematical formulation. An airbag fire objective function is constructed that integrates the fire-rate and fire-time requirements. The function requires the input of a single acceleration time history; it produces an output depending on the airbag fire condition. Numerical search of the optimal fire threshold curve is achieved through parameterizing this curve and applying a modified simplex search optimization algorithm that determines the optimal threshold function parameters without computing the complete objective function in the parameter space. Numerical results are given to show the effectiveness and potential difficulties with the automatic search scheme.
Technical Paper

Achievements and Exploitation of the AUTOSAR Development Partnership

2006-10-16
2006-21-0019
Reductions of hardware costs as well as implementations of new innovative functions are the main drivers of today's automotive electronics. Indeed more and more resources are spent on adapting existing solutions to different environments. At the same time, due to the increasing number of networked components, a level of complexity has been reached which is difficult to handle using traditional development processes. The automotive industry addresses this problem through a paradigm shift from a hardware-, component-driven to a requirement- and function-driven development process, and a stringent standardization of infrastructure elements. One central standardization initiative is the AUTomotive Open System ARchitecture (AUTOSAR). AUTOSAR was founded in 2003 by major OEMs and Tier1 suppliers and now includes a large number of automotive, electronics, semiconductor, hard- and software companies.
Technical Paper

A Stochastic Approach for Occupant Crash Simulation

2000-04-02
2000-01-1597
Stochastic simulation is used to account for the uncertainties inherent to the system and enables the study of crash phenomenon. For analytical purposes, random variables such as material crash properties, angle of impact, human response and the like can be characterized using statistical models. The methodology outlined in this approach is based on using the information about the probability of random variables along with structural behavior in order to quantify the scatter in the structural response. Thus the analysis gives a more complete picture of the actual simulation. Practical examples for the use of this technique are demonstrated and an overview of this approach is presented.
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