DEVELOPMENT OF THE CONCEPT OF NON-FLAME EXHAUST GAS REACTORS
Investigations of the non-flame oxidation of exhaust gas hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide are reported. These investigations cover basic studies of the relationship of temperature, oxygen, and residence time to oxidation rates with external, supplementary, exhaust gas heating. Reaction (oxidation) is then shown to be possible without supplementary heat in the test installation of a homogeneous reactor on one cylinder of a V-8 engine on an engine dynamometer. Vehicle tests were then conducted to determine the operational characteristics and oxidation performances of a series of multi-cylinder reactors mounted on 292-cubic-inch-displacement engines. Unique methods of air introduction and heat conservation are described. These reactors were capable of effectively decreasing exhaust concentrations of hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide while the vehicles were driven over a traffic route. Tests of two reactors designed especially for fast warm-up are reported.