A Study on the Camshaft Lobe Microstructure Obtained by Different Processing
The present work aims to characterize the microstructure of valvetrain camshaft lobes that are currently applied in the automotive industry, obtained by different processing routes. The cam lobe microstructure has been assessed by microscopy, whereas the mechanical properties by hardness profile measurements on the surface region. Microconstituents type and form, composing the final microstructure at the cam lobe work region, are defined by the casting route and/or post-heat treatment process other than alloy chemical composition, so that knowledge and control of processing route is vital to assure suitable valvetrain system assembly performance and durability. Most of the mechanical solicitations on the part occur at the interface between cam and follower; the actual contact area is significantly smaller than the apparent area. As a result, the microstructure at and near the surface performs a direct role on the performance of the valvetrain, cam lobe and its counterpart.