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Technical Paper

Front-end Cooling Airflow Performance Prediction Using Vehicle System Resistance

The objective of this paper is to develop an analytical approach to compute cooling airflow at any particular fan and vehicle speed condition in a vehicle from a minimum number of CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamic) simulations or test runs using fan performance data. The vehicle system resistance is used with fan performance curves to find the cooling airflows of the vehicle. Fan performance curves at any fan speed are computed using fan laws and the CFD simulations are used in computing the system resistances at a particular vehicle speed. The paper outlines the prediction of system resistances at other vehicle speeds and its use in computing the cooling flows at those speeds. The approach is validated using CFD for different combinations of vehicle and fan speeds.
Technical Paper

CFD Based Lumped Parameter Method to Predict the Thermal Performance of Brake Rotors in Vehicle

The objective of the paper is to outline a CFD based lumped parameter method that compares the thermal performance of brake rotors, predicts the transient temperatures and brake lining wear in vehicle. A two-pronged approach was developed for this purpose. A rotor stand-alone model was used to predict rotor performance curves. Simultaneously heat transfer coefficients of the brake rotor were computed corresponding to the rotor performance curves and the appropriate heat transfer correlations were established. The second part of this approach involved developing a brake model in a vehicle and solving for the air flow through rotors in different vehicles at various speeds. These rotor flows were cross-referenced with the rotor performance curves, generated earlier for that rotor, to compute the heat transfer coefficients in the vehicle.