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Technical Paper

The 1997 Chevrolet Corvette Structure Architecture Synthesis

This paper describes the design, synthesis-analysis and development of the unique vehicle structure architecture for the fifth generation Chevrolet Corvette, ‘C5’, which starts in the 1997 model year. The innovative structural layout of the ‘C5’ enables torsional rigidity in an open roof vehicle which exceeds that of all current production open roof vehicles by a wide margin. The first structural mode of the ‘C5’ in open roof configuration approaches typical values measured in similar size fixed roof vehicles. Extensive use of CAE and a systems methodology of benchmarking and requirements rolldown were employed to develop the ‘C5’ vehicle architecture. Simple computer models coupled with numerical optimization were used early in the design process to evaluate every design concept and alternative iteration for mass and structural efficiency.
Technical Paper

Low-Power Flexible Controls Architecture for General Motors Partnership for a New Generation (Pngv) Precept Vehicle

The complexity of designing and implementing a vehicle electrical control system for ultra fuel-efficient hybrid vehicles is significantly greater than that of a conventional vehicle. To quickly demonstrate and iterate capabilities of these vehicles, an efficient and rapid means for developing requirements, mapping these into an electrical control and communications architecture, and developing prototype systems is needed. The General Motors Precept concept vehicle is an example of an energy- efficient vehicular control system developed using a "requirements to software'' development process and electronic controller infrastructure that demonstrates these attributes. The Precept is General Motors Corporation's technology demonstration concept vehicle developed to address General Motors Corporation's commitment to the Partnership for a New Generation (PNGV) program.

IDB-C Data Bus

By using descriptive charts and graphs, this report provides an analysis of the IDB-C network at the Subsystem level and at the vehicle level, using data comparison between modeling and simulation of the network and measurement and analysis on physical systems.
Technical Paper

Diagnostic Procedures for Passive Optical Star Vehicle Networks

Passive star networks have been shown to be the best architecture for high speed vehicle networks. This paper attempts to describe how problems in passive star networks can be diagnosed in the field. The potential physical layer failure modes for passive star networks are detailed, and a network test tool is described which is capable of determining whether a media fault exists and locating the position of that fault. The application of the test tool to potential failure modes is discussed.
Technical Paper

Comparison of Designs for Safety/Mission Critical Systems

We investigate and analyze the concept of “missed detection” and its application to the design of architectures that integrate multiple safety/mission critical functions. The analysis is based on considering different design alternatives with varying levels of missed fault detection of the components constituting the functions or subsystems. The overall system reliability and availability in a fault tolerant architecture relies as heavily on the ability to detect a fault as it does on being able to prevent a fault as one would attempt by having multiple levels of redundancy and/or improved reliability of the components in such an architecture. In short, the safety of a particular architecture depends not only on component reliability, and fault tolerance, expressed as redundancy, but also on fault detectability.
Technical Paper

Assessing Required Levels of Redundancy for Composite Safety/Mission Critical Systems

We investigate and analyze the concept of “shared redundancy” and its application to the design of architectures that integrate multiple safety/mission critical functions or subsystems. The analysis is based on considering different design alternatives with varying levels of physical redundancy of the components constituting the functions or subsystems. Under a set of assumptions, we show that the overall system reliability and availability in a shared redundancy based architecture can be improved without increasing the levels of physical redundancy for the components employed at the subsystem level. However, such an improvement will be limited by the component(s) with the minimal level of redundancy.
Technical Paper

Architecture of By-Wire Systems Design Elements and Comparative Methodology

By-wire systems have the potential of augmenting the normal capabilities of human drivers as well as serving as enablers for emerging safety technologies. To achieve these features, these systems must be carefully designed, analyzed, and verified for safety because they are new, complex, and potentially exhibit new and different failure modes and effects. Duplication may be required to ensure that safety margins are met in the presence of faults. Full duplication of every system may not lead to a cost effective implementation, especially if multiple independent by-wire systems are placed on a single vehicle. Other architectural approaches for the integration of by-wire systems need to be considered and analyzed. These architectures should meet if not exceed the safety requirements while providing a more cost effective implementation than a fully duplicated architecture.
Technical Paper

Architecture Analysis of Safety Critical Systems Using Parametric Expressions to Calculate System Behavior

Architecture exploration could benefit from some early results of a safety analysis process. Typically, classical system safety analysis techniques such as Fault tree analysis (FTA) are performed after the design is completed. We propose an approach for an early safety assessment to improve the design and also shorten the design cycle time. A quick assessment to determine the safety figure of merit of the intended architecture expressed as a parametric expression can be used to determine the overall acceptability of the architecture. The result from a quick assessment of the system safety could be used as a means to explore system trade-offs in reliability and redundancy at the highest design levels.