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Technical Paper

Validation Method for Diesel Particulate Filter Durability

The diesel particulate filter (DPF) is a critical aftertreatment device for control of particulate matter (PM) emissions from a diesel engine. DPF survivability is challenged by several key factors such as: excessive thermal stress due to DPF runaway regenerations (or uncontrolled regeneration) may cause DPF substrate and washcoat failure. Catalyst poisoning elements from the diesel fuel and engine oil may cause performance degradation of the catalyzed DPF. Harsh vibration from the powertrain, as well as from the road surface, may lead to mechanical failure of the substrate and/or the matting material. Evaluations of these important validation parameters were performed.
Technical Paper

Durability Performance of Advanced Ceramic Material DPFs

Dow Automotive has developed an ACM DPF substrate, characterized with light-weight, low pressure-drop, rapid regeneration, and excellent chemical resistance at high temperature. An uncatalyzed DPF was tested on a 2.0L common-rail diesel engine for over 100 soot loading and regeneration cycles, which included a combination of controlled regenerations, uncontrolled regenerations and incomplete regenerations. The DPF demonstrated high filtration efficiency and physical integrity throughout the entire test. The ACM DPF has also demonstrated excellent catalyst coating capability and performance. An ACM DPF with a total volume of three-liter and coated with the same catalyst formulation as the original catalyzed DPF, was used to replace the OEM four-liter catalyzed SiC DPF on a 2005 model-year 1.9L European diesel passenger car. It was demonstrated that the ACM DPF has lower pressure drop and faster regeneration than that of the OEM DPF.