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Technical Paper

Properties and Performance of Diesel Particulate Filters of an Advanced Ceramic Material

A new advanced ceramic material (ACM) has been developed and examined for diesel emission control systems, especially for diesel particulate filter (DPF) applications. Lab tests have shown that ACM possesses suitable mechanical and chemical properties for a durable DPF. Engine dynamometer tests have shown that a DPF made from ACM possesses high performance in the key application requirements of high filtration efficiency, low filtration back pressure, fast regeneration, and suitability for catalyst coating applications. The experimental results from this investigation demonstrate that a DPF made from ACM can be used for advanced diesel PM emission control systems, including potential four-way diesel catalytic converter systems.
Technical Paper

Optimizing the Advanced Ceramic Material for Diesel Particulate Filter Applications

This paper describes the application of pore-scale filtration simulations to the advanced ceramic material (ACM) developed for use in advanced diesel particulate filters. The application required the generation of a three-dimensional substrate geometry to provide the boundary conditions for the flow model. An innovative stochastic modeling technique was applied matching chord length distribution and the porosity profile of the material. Additional experimental validation was provided by the single-channel experimental apparatus. Results show that the stochastic reconstruction techniques provide flexibility and appropriate accuracy for the modeling efforts. Early investigation efforts imply that needle length may provide a mechanism for adjusting performance of the ACM for diesel particulate filter (DPF) applications. New techniques have been developed to visualize soot deposition in both traditional and new DPF substrate materials.
Technical Paper

Durability Performance of Advanced Ceramic Material DPFs

Dow Automotive has developed an ACM DPF substrate, characterized with light-weight, low pressure-drop, rapid regeneration, and excellent chemical resistance at high temperature. An uncatalyzed DPF was tested on a 2.0L common-rail diesel engine for over 100 soot loading and regeneration cycles, which included a combination of controlled regenerations, uncontrolled regenerations and incomplete regenerations. The DPF demonstrated high filtration efficiency and physical integrity throughout the entire test. The ACM DPF has also demonstrated excellent catalyst coating capability and performance. An ACM DPF with a total volume of three-liter and coated with the same catalyst formulation as the original catalyzed DPF, was used to replace the OEM four-liter catalyzed SiC DPF on a 2005 model-year 1.9L European diesel passenger car. It was demonstrated that the ACM DPF has lower pressure drop and faster regeneration than that of the OEM DPF.